In Today’s News:
- India registers a steep decline in the maternal mortality ratio.
1. India registers a steep decline in the maternal mortality ratio
The Office of the Registrar General’s Sample Registration System (SRS) released a special bulletin on Maternal Mortality in India 2016-18. It has said that the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in India has declined to 113 in 2016-18 from 122 in 2015-17 and 130 in 2014-2016.
Mains GS2 – Governance (Health)
Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) and India’s approach in reducing MMR:
(Note: This article depicts the answer writing flow in the Mains Examination. All these points and schemes may be covered in the exam for questions regarding Maternal Health. Besides these, if time permits you can add other initiatives/schemes also.)
- MMR is defined as the number of maternal deaths per 1,00,000 live births.
- The target 3.1 of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) which has been set by the United Nations aims to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 1,00,000 live births.
- Maternal mortality in a region is a measure of the reproductive health of women in the area.
- As per the World Health Organization, maternal death is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management.
- Institutional deliveries and focused approach towards aspirational districts and inter-sectoral action to reach the most marginalized and vulnerable mothers have significantly helped in reducing MMR.
- Special focus on quality and coverage of health services through public health initiatives under the National Health Mission such as LaQshya, Poshan Abhiyan, Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan, Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram, Janani Suraksha Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana has contributed to this decline.
- India is now committed to ensuring that not a single mother or newborn dies due to a preventable cause and is moving towards zero preventable maternal and newborn deaths through the recently launched Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan Initiative (SUMAN).
- Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan Initiative (SUMAN) is an initiative for zero preventable maternal and newborn death.
- This initiative focuses on:
- assured delivery of maternal and newborn healthcare services encompassing wider access to free, and quality services,
- zero tolerance for denial of services,
- assured management of complications along with respect for women’s autonomy, dignity, feelings, choices, and preferences, etc.
- It is a scheme under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA):
- Carrying forward the vision of our Hon’ble Prime Minister, the Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan was launched in 2016 to ensure quality antenatal care and high-risk pregnancy detection in pregnant women on 9th of every month.
- In order to further accelerate the decline in MMR in the coming years, MoFHWhas recently launched the ‘LaQshya – Labour room Quality improvement Initiative.
- LaQshya program is a focused and targeted approach to strengthen key processes related to the labor rooms and maternity operation theatres which aims at improving the quality of care around birth and ensuring Respectful Maternity Care.
- Objectives of LaQshya:
- Reduce maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality
- Improve the quality of care during delivery and the immediate postpartum period
- Enhance satisfaction of beneficiaries, positive birthing experience, and provide Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) to all pregnant women attending public health facilities.
Thus, these are the schemes and initiatives which have helped India in achieving the decline in MMR and increasing maternal health. India will surely achieve the MMR target set by SDG even before 2030.
For other initiatives and schemes on Maternal health, visit the official website.
Click here for Daily current affairs for the UPSC exams on other dates.