Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 17 July 2021

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 17 July 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Directorate of Revenue Intelligence.
  2. School Innovation Ambassador Training Program.
  3. Automated Train Toilet Sewerage Disposal system.

1. Directorate of Revenue Intelligence

News Summary

The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence has arrested some people for their role in the smuggling of luxury cars.

Prelims GS – Governance

DRI:
  • The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence is the apex intelligence and investigative agency for matters relating to violation of the Customs Act.
  • It is the apex anti-smuggling agency of India.
  • The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence functions under the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs in the Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue, Government Of India.
  • It is tasked with detecting and curbing smuggling of contraband, including drug trafficking and illicit international trade in wildlife and environmentally sensitive items, as well as combating commercial frauds related to international trade and evasion of Customs duty.
Charter of the Organization:
  • Collection of intelligence about the smuggling of contraband goods, narcotics, under-invoicing, etc. through sources of India and abroad, including secret sources.
  • Analysis and dissemination of such intelligence to the field formations for action and working on such intelligence, where necessary.
  •  Keeping watch over important seizures and investigation cases. Associating or taking over the investigations which warrant specialized handling by the Directorate.
  •  Guiding important investigation/prosecution cases. Keeping liaison with foreign countries, Indian Missions, and Enforcement agencies abroad on anti-smuggling matters.
  •  To keep liaison with C.B.I. and through them with the INTERPOL. To refer cases registered under the Customs Act to the Income Tax Department for action under the Income Tax Act.
  • To keep statistics of seizures and prices/rates etc. for watching trends of smuggling and supply required material to the ministry of Finance and other Ministries.
  • To study and suggest remedies for loopholes in law and procedures to combat smuggling.

Click here to view the official website.

2. School Innovation Ambassador Training Program

News summary

Union Education Minister Shri Dharmendra Pradhan and Tribal Affairs Minister Shri Arjun Munda jointly launched the ‘School Innovation Ambassador Training Program’ for 50,000 school teachers.

Prelims GS – Governance

SIATP:
  • School Innovation Ambassador Training Program is an innovative and one of its kind training program for School Teachers.
  • SIATP aims at training 50,000 school teachers on Innovation, Entrepreneurship, IPR, Design Thinking, Product development, Idea generation, etc.
  • The program has been designed by the Innovation Cell of the Ministry of Education and AICTE for School Teachers based on its “Innovation Ambassador Training Program for Higher Educational Institution’s faculty members”.
  • SIATP will give wings to the creativity of the children and provide a platform so that they can give something new to the world with their ideas.
  • The training will be delivered in online mode only.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

3. Automated Train Toilet Sewerage Disposal system

News Summary

Automated technology for the collection of toilet waste which is easy to maintain and seven times cheaper alternative to the bio-toilets, developed by an Indian scientist, can be used to maintain the toilet system of the Indian Railways.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology

Automated Train Toilet Sewerage Disposal system:
  • The automated system consists of three simple steps–
  • the septic tank (which is placed under the track, i.e., train line) top cover gets opened when a train approaches the septic tank place by using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) sensor and reader placed at Engine and septic tank position respectively, sewerage material in toilet tanks is dropped into the septic tank when they are mutually synchronized, and finally the septic tank cover gets closed when the train departs away from it.
  • The collected sewerage material from train toilets is segregated such that human waste is stored in one tank, and other materials such as plastic materials, cloth materials, and so on are stored in another tank. The human waste is further processed separately to convert into usable material. The plastic and cloth materials are processed separately.
  • This technology has been developed targeting the Indian Railways specifically with the aim of cost reduction and to obviate the necessity of time-consuming anaerobic bacteria generation.
  • In contrast with Bio toilets which cost one lakh per unit, the new technology brings down the cost to Fifteen thousand rupees only.

Click here to view the Courtesy: official PIB release.

 

 

 

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