In Today’s News:
- India expects to sail through the UN Security Council vote.
1. India expects to sail through the UN Security Council vote
UN Security Council is conducting elections for the 5 non-permanent member seats for the year 2021-22. India is standing unopposed for the Asia-Pacific seat. India needs 2/3rds of UN General Assembly members votes or 129 votes to confirm its seat in UNSC as a non-permanent member. However, there is a tussle between Canada, Ireland, and Norway for Western Group seats.
NOTE: UNSC is very important for the Prelims and Mains Examination in 2022.
Prelims GS – International Relations
UN Security Council: (UNSC)
- UN Security Council has the responsibility of maintaining peace and security in the world.
- It is one of the 6 principal organs of the UN.
- UNSC has 15 members. i.e. 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members.
- Each member has one vote.
- 5 permanent members are:
- the United Kingdom and
- the United States.
- These 5 permanent members have the power to veto any resolution in UNSC.
- 10 non-permanent members are elected by the UN General Assembly for a two-year term.
- 10 non-permanent members seats are distributed on a regional basis as given below:
- 5 for African and Asian States
- 1 for the Eastern European States
- 2 for Latin American and the Caribbean States
- 2 for Western European and other states.
- India will need the vote of 2/3rd members of the UN General Assembly to become a non-permanent member for a two-year term.
- India has already been a non-permanent member in UNSC for seven terms. So, this is not the first time. (Important point for Prelims)
Mains GS2 – International Relations
India’s agenda in UNSC as a non-permanent member:
- India can use its term as a non-permanent member to enhance its position as a responsible and constructive member of international society.
- It should emphasize and strengthen multilateralism in UNSC meetings.
- India should try to make progress on the elimination of weapons of mass destruction in a non-discriminatory manner.
- India should highlight the UN Charter and promote the State’s sovereignty and should prevent the interference of outside countries in the domestic affairs of States.
- Thus, India should use this opportunity to enhance the country’s reputation.
For more information on UNSC, visit the official website.
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