Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 17 June 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. India expects to sail through the UN Security Council vote.

1. India expects to sail through the UN Security Council vote

News Summary

UN Security Council is conducting elections for the 5 non-permanent member seats for the year 2021-22. India is standing unopposed for the Asia-Pacific seat. India needs 2/3rds of UN General Assembly members votes or 129 votes to confirm its seat in UNSC as a non-permanent member. However, there is a tussle between Canada, Ireland, and Norway for Western Group seats.

NOTE: UNSC is very important for the Prelims and Mains Examination in 2022.

Prelims GS – International Relations

UN Security Council: (UNSC)
  • UN Security Council has the responsibility of maintaining peace and security in the world.
  • It is one of the 6 principal organs of the UN.
  • UNSC has 15 members. i.e. 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members.
  • Each member has one vote.
  • 5 permanent members are:
    • China
    • France
    • Russia
    • the United Kingdom and
    • the United States.
  • These 5 permanent members have the power to veto any resolution in UNSC.
  • 10 non-permanent members are elected by the UN General Assembly for a two-year term.
  • 10 non-permanent members seats are distributed on a regional basis as given below:
    • 5 for African and Asian States
    • 1 for the Eastern European States
    • 2 for Latin American and the Caribbean States
    • 2 for Western European and other states.
  • India will need the vote of 2/3rd members of the UN General Assembly to become a non-permanent member for a two-year term.
  • India has already been a non-permanent member in UNSC for seven terms. So, this is not the first time. (Important point for Prelims)

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – International Relations

India’s agenda in UNSC as a non-permanent member:
  • India can use its term as a non-permanent member to enhance its position as a responsible and constructive member of international society.
  • It should emphasize and strengthen multilateralism in UNSC meetings.
  • India should try to make progress on the elimination of weapons of mass destruction in a non-discriminatory manner.
  • India should highlight the UN Charter and promote the State’s sovereignty and should prevent the interference of outside countries in the domestic affairs of States.
  • Thus, India should use this opportunity to enhance the country’s reputation.

For more information on UNSC, visit the official website.


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