Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 18 June 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Cross-Disability Early Intervention Centers
  2. Cable TV network rules amendment
  3. Neutrinos.

1. Cross disability early intervention centers

News Summary

The Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Shri ThaawarchandGehlot virtually inaugurated 14 Cross-Disability Early Intervention Centres

Prelims GS – Social Justice/Governance

Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 – Highlights:
  • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 fulfills the obligations to the United National Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), to which India is a signatory.
  • Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities(Divyangjan) comes under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.

The salient features of the Act are:-

  • Responsibility has been cast upon the appropriate governments to take effective measures to ensure that persons with disabilities enjoy their rights equally with others.
  • Disability has been defined based on an evolving and dynamic concept.
  • The Act covers the following specified disabilities:-
    • Physical Disability
      • Locomotor Disability
      • Leprosy Cured Person
      • Cerebral Palsy
      • Dwarfism
      • Muscular Dystrophy
      • Acid Attack Victims
    • Visual Impairment
      • Blindness
      • Low Vission
    • Hearing Impairment
      • Deaf
      • Hard of Hearing
      • Speech and Language Disability
    • Intellectual Disability
      •  Specific Learning Disabilities
      • Autism Spectrum Disorder
    • Mental Behaviour (Mental Illness)
    • Disability caused due to-
      • Chronic Neurological Conditions such as-
      • Multiple Sclerosis
      • Parkinson’s Disease
    •  Blood Disorder-
      • Haemophilia
      • Thalassemia
      • Sickle Cell Disease
    • Multiple Disabilities
  • Additional benefits have been provided for persons with benchmark disabilities and those with high support needs.
  • Every child with benchmark disability between the age group of 6 and 18 years shall have the right to free education.
  • 5% reservation in seats in Government and Government aided higher educational institutions for persons with benchmark disabilities.
  • Stress has been given to ensure accessibility in public buildings (both Government and private) in a prescribed time frame.
  • 4% reservation in Government jobs for certain persons or class of persons with benchmark disability.
  • The Act provides for the grant of guardianship by District Court or any authority designated by the State Government under which there will be a joint decision–making between the guardian and the persons with disabilities.
  • Broad-based Central & State Advisory Boards on Disability to be set up as policy-making bodies.
  • The Act provides for the strengthening of the Office of Chief Commissioner of Persons with Disabilities and State Commissioners of Disabilities which will act as regulatory bodies and Grievance Redressal agencies and also monitor implementation of the Act. These Offices will be assisted by an Advisory Committee comprising of experts in various disabilities.
  • Creation of National and State Fund to provide financial support to persons with disabilities.
  • The Act provides for penalties for offenses committed against persons with disabilities.
  • Designated special Courts to handle cases concerning violation of rights of PwDs.

Click here to know more about this act on the official website.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Social Justice

Significance of Cross Disability Early Intervention centers:
  • There is a need to identify children with disabilities or infants who are at risk of developing a disability, and provide them early assistance, so as to ensure optimal development of the child.
  • Keeping these things in mind, in the first phase, 14 cross-disability (Early Intervention) centers have been set up.
  • The objective of these centers is to make the differently-abled people virtually self-reliant in India and integrate them into the mainstream of society.
  • These Cross-Disability Early Intervention Centers will be successful in reducing disability among the children of 0-6 years of age.
  • The Cross Disability Early Intervention Centres have been equipped to provide services and facilities in a contiguous manner in an accessible and aesthetically designed environment under one roof.
  • These services include facilities for screening children to identify risk cases and refer them for appropriate rehabilitative care.
  • Provision for therapeutic services such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, and physiotherapy have also been made in these centers.
  • Parental counseling and training as well as peer counseling is an integral part of these centers with a view to enabling the parents to cope up with the needs of children with disabilities.
  • The school readiness facility at these centers aims at improving physical and cognitive ability including communication and language skills of the children with disabilities for enabling them to live an independent life.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

2. Cable TV network rules amendment

News Summary

The Central Government issued a notification regarding the amendment to the Cable Television Network Rules, 1994.

Prelims GS – Governance

Cable TV network rules – new amendment:
  • A statutory mechanism for redressal of grievances/complaints of citizens relating to content broadcast by television channels in accordance with the provisions of the Cable Television Network Act, 1995 has been developed in the amendment.
  • At the same time, self-regulating bodies of broadcasters would be registered with the Central Government.
  • To ensure observance and adherence to the Programme Code and the Advertising Code by the broadcaster and to address the grievance or complaint, if any, relating thereto, there shall be a three-level structure as under:
    • (i) Level I – A self-regulation by broadcasters;
    • (ii) Level II – Self-regulation by the self-regulating bodies of the broadcasters; and
    • (iii) Level III – Oversight mechanism by the Central Government
  • This amendment paves the way for a strong institutional system for redressing grievances while placing accountability and responsibility on the broadcasters and their self-regulating bodies.
  • Cable TV network comes under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
  • Every broadcaster through various Policy Guidelines has been mandated to follow the Programme and Advertisement Code prescribed under the Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995

Click here to view the official PIB release and click here to view the Cable TV Network rules amendment document.

3. Neutrinos

News Summary

Scientists have shown that the geometry of space-time can cause neutrinos to oscillate.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology

  • A neutrino is a tiny elementary particle that is very similar to an electron.
  • Neutrino is not a part of the atom.
  • It has no electrical charge and a very small mass, which might even be zero.
  • Neutrinos are one of the most abundant particles in the universe.
  • Neutrinos are mysterious particles, produced copiously in nuclear reactions in the Sun, stars, and elsewhere.
  • They also “oscillate”– that is different types of neutrinos change into one another.
  • Neutrinos interact very weakly with everything else – trillions of them pass through every human being every second without anyone noticing;
  • A neutrino’s spin always points in the opposite direction of its motion, and until a few years ago, neutrinos were believed to be massless.
  • It is now generally believed that the phenomenon of neutrino oscillations requires neutrinos to have tiny masses.
Applications of Neutrinos:
  • Neutrinos may help in understanding the interior of the sun.
  • Neutrinos may have applications in the particle detectors that may be used in medical imaging.
  • Neutrinos may help in understanding the early stages of the universe.

Click here to view the official Courtesy: PIB release




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