Argutes

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 18 September 2021

Kannur Corporation

  1. Kannur Corporation became the first corporation in the Kerala State to provide the first dose of vaccine to all the residents who completed 18 years of age within its limit.
  2. Out of the 1,57,265 people who needed to be vaccinated within the Corporation limits, the Corporation achieved its goal by vaccinating all people except those under 90 days of age who are infected with COVID-19 and those who were reluctant to be vaccinated.

Attingal Revolt of 1721: 300 years

The Attingal Revolt of 1721 was an uprising that became an expression of the brewing resentment of the native farmers and traders against the East India Company’s policies, especially for the reduction in the rates of pepper.

Attingal Outbreak

  1. Also referred to as Anjengo Revolt.
  2. It refers to the massacre of 140 East India Company soldiers by native Indians and the following siege of Fort Anjengo.
  3. The Attingal Outbreak is often regarded as the first organized revolt against British authority in Malabar, Cochin, and Travancore.
  4. The main reasons behind the resentment were large-scale corruption and the manipulation of black pepper prices by the Company.
  5. The chief factor at the Anjengo factor, Gifford refused to hand over the customary gifts meant for the Rani of Attingal to the agents of the local feudal lords (Pillamar) and tried to hand them directly to the Rani at the head of a force of 140 soldiers on 15 April 1721.
  6. This show of force had the opposite effect and the local people rebelled, attacked and destroyed the entire force, and then laid siege to the fort.
  7. Following the turn of events, the Company and the Rani of Attingal agreed to which;
    • the Company was compensated for all losses sustained during the attack on Anjengo
    • was also given the sole monopoly of trade in pepper
    • the right to erect factories in places of its choice

Swachhata Pakhwada, 2021

  1. Mumbai Port Trust flagged off the Swachhata Pakhwada, 2021 activities in Mumbai Port on 16th September 2021 by administering the Swachhata Pledge.
  2. A cleanliness drive has been started in all the departments/divisions.
  1. The Ministry of Defence has constituted a high-level expert committee, under the chairmanship of former MP Baijayant Panda, for a comprehensive review of the National Cadet Corps (NCC) to make it more relevant in changing times.
  2. Former Team India captain MS Dhoni and Mahindra Group Chairman Anand Mahindra are among the members part of the Committee.

Planetarium Innovation Challenge

  1. MyGov India has launched the Planetarium Innovation Challenge for Indian start-ups and tech entrepreneurs.
  2. The challenge aims to bring together the tech firms and Startups (based out of India) with the potential to build an indigenous planetariums system software using the latest technologies including Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR), and Merged Reality (MR).
  3. Inspired by the Chandrayaan launches, the Indian Space Research Organization conducted the ISRO Quiz Competition-2019 in collaboration with MyGov were several schools, parents, and enthusiastic mentors made it memorable through their active participation.
  4. The challenge invites applications from start-ups and tech entrepreneurs to develop state-of-the-art technology for our Planetariums.
  5. There is an opportunity for Planetariums in India to deploy new technologies (Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, and Merged Reality), especially for smaller cities and rural areas, all Made in India.
  6. The Planetarium Challenge perfectly aligns with the objective of the nation’s progressive digital transformation under the larger umbrella of Aatmanirbhar Bharat.

Power Finance Corporation Ltd issues Green Bond

  1. Power Finance Corporation Ltd (PFC), a financial institution under the Ministry of Finance, issued its maiden Euro Green Bond of £300 million (~$353 million) under the U.S. Global Medium Term Note Program.
  2. The bonds will have a tenor of seven years at a coupon of 1.841%.
  3. The Notes will be listed on the Singapore Exchange Securities Trading Limited, NSE International Exchange, and India INX.
  4. The settlement date is expected to be September 21, 2021.
  5. The principal and interest payments will be made in Euro.
  6. The net proceeds from the issuance of these Notes will be utilized per the external commercial borrowing regulations of the Reserve Bank of India.
  7. This is the first-ever Euro-denominated green bond issuance from India.
  8. It is also the first-ever Euro issuance by an Indian non-banking financial company and India’s first Euro bond issuance since 2017.

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Surya Kiran

  1. Exercise SURYA KIRAN-XIV, a joint military training exercise between India and Nepal culminated at Nepal Army Battle School (NABS), Salijhandi, Rupendehi district of Nepal.
  2. The troops of both the Armies participated in 14 days long joint training based on counter-insurgency operations in the jungle and mountainous terrain and also practiced response mechanisms in the eventualities of natural and man-made disasters.

ISRO

  1. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is working on technologies that will enable it to land the GSLV Mk-III launch vehicles vertically and to recover the first and second stages, similar to SpaceX
  2. This will enable the space agency to reuse the GSLV Mk-III, thus helps in saving money.

GSLV Mk III

  1. GSLV MkIII Project was approved in 2002, with a mandate of achieving the capability to launch 4ton class satellite to Geo-Synchronous orbit, by realizing an indigenously developed launch vehicle.
  2. The development program has been completed through three successful flights LVM3 X, GSLV MkIII D1, and GSLV MkIII D2.
  3. GSLV MkIII is configured as a three-stage vehicle with two solid strap-on motors (S200), one liquid core stage (L110), and a high thrust cryogenic upper stage (C25).
  4. The S200 solid motor is among the largest solid boosters in the world with 204 tonnes of solid propellant.
  5. The liquid L110 stage uses a twin liquid engine configuration with 115 tonnes of liquid propellant, while the C25 Cryogenic upper stage is configured with the fully indigenous high thrust cryogenic engine (CE20) with a propellant loading of 28 tons.
  6. The overall length of the vehicle is 43.5 m with a gross lift-off weight of 640 tonnes and a 5m-diameter payload fairing.

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Strophodus jaisalmerensis

  1. Researchers from the Geological Survey of India and the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee have discovered a new extinct species of hybodont shark from the Jaisalmer Basin of Rajasthan.
  2. It was named Strophodus jaisalmerensis, and the discovery is significant as this is the first record of Strophodus genus from the Indian subcontinent.
  3. Hybodonts dominated both marine and freshwater environments during the Triassic and early Jurassic periods.
  4. Over 30 teeth specimens collected from the region showed that the species lived about 160 and 168 million years ago.

Prof S.K.Joshi Laboratory Excellence Award

  1. The Quality Council of India (QCI) said it has launched the Prof S.K.Joshi Laboratory Excellence Award.
  2. This is the country’s first-of-its-kind laboratory excellence award. This award has been instituted to promote laboratory quality and performance improvement in the country.

Who was S.K. Joshi?

  1. Late Prof S.K.Joshi was a luminary in the field of science and academia.
  2. S.K. Joshi was born on June 6, 1935. His broad field of research interest was Condensed Matter Theory. Dr.Joshi’s major research contributions span over a wide variety of topics in solid-state theory.
  3. His early research was concerned mainly with the theoretical study of phonons in metals and insulators.
  4. He was the director of the National Physical Laboratory from 1986-1991. He held the position of the director-general of CSIR from 1991-1995. He was the president of the Indian National Science Academy from 1993-1995.
  5. He was awarded Padma Shri in 1991 and Padma Bhushan in 2003. He received the CV Raman Medal of INSA in 1999.

Quality Council of India

  1. Quality Council of India (QCI) was established as a national body for accreditation on recommendations of the expert mission of the EU after consultations in Inter-ministerial Task Force, a committee of secretaries, and Group of Ministers through a Cabinet decision in 1996.
  2. Accordingly, QCI was set up through a PPP model as an independent autonomous organization with the support of the government and the Indian industry represented by the three premier industry associations — Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM),  Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).
  3.  QCI is a non-profit organization registered under the Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860.
  4. QCI is under the Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPI) with the mandate to establish an accreditation structure in the country and to spread quality movement in India by undertaking a National Quality Campaign.
  5. The mission of QCI is to lead a nationwide quality movement in India by involving all stakeholders for emphasis on adherence to quality standards in all spheres of activities primarily for promoting and protecting the interests of the nation and its citizens.
  6.  QCI has been established to create a mechanism for independent third-party assessment of products, services, and processes.