Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 19 November 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. World Toilet Day.
  2. 33rd TB Partnership Board meeting held.

1. World Toilet Day

News Summary

November 19 is celebrated as World Toilet Day. Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation of Ministry of Jal Shakti will celebrate ‘World Toilet Day’ under ‘Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen for promoting awareness on access to safe sanitation.

Prelims GS – Governance

Swachh Bharat Mission – Grameen:
  • Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) was launched on 2nd October 2014 to ensure cleanliness in India and make it Open Defecation Free (ODF) in Five Years.
  • Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Jal Shakti is implementing this SBM- Gramin mission.
  • It seeks to improve the levels of cleanliness in rural areas through Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities and making Gram Panchayats Open Defecation Free (ODF), clean, and sanitized.
  • Under the mission, all villages, Gram Panchayats, Districts, States and Union Territories in India declared themselves “open-defecation free” (ODF) by 2 October 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing over 100 million toilets in rural India.
  • To ensure that the open defecation free behaviors are sustained, no one is left behind, and that solid and liquid waste management facilities are accessible, the Mission is moving towards the next Phase II of SBMG i.e ODF-Plus.
  • ODF Plus activities under Phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) will reinforce ODF behaviors and focus on providing interventions for the safe management of solid and liquid waste in villages.
  • Safe and hygienic toilets form the strongest defense mechanism against COVID19 and other diseases.
  • In the last few years, India has taken remarkable steps to inculcate the practice of safe and hygienic sanitation behavior under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

Click here to know more about SBM on the official website.

2. 33rd TB Partnership Board Meeting held

News Summary

Hon’ble Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan has stressed the need to create a mass movement for the elimination of TB with strategized advocacy, thought leadership, disruptive social entrepreneurship, powerful, societal, and political commitment when he was addressing the 33rd Stop TB Partnership Board meeting in New Delhi through Video Conference on 18th November 2020. Dr. Harsh Vardhan also highlighted India’s “TB Harega, Desh Jeetega” campaign that targets to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target related to TB by 2025, five years ahead of the global target of 2030.

Prelims GS – Governance(Health)

TB Harega Desh Jeetega:
  • “TB Harega, Desh Jeetega” campaign was launched in 2019 as an Accelerator to National Strategic Plan with the objectives of:
    • Promoting health-seeking behavior in the community for early case detection
    • Preventing the emergence of new cases of TB
  • The new TB campaign aims to improve and expand the reach of TB care services across the country, by 2022.
  • This includes preventive and promotive approaches and proposes potentially transformative interventions such as engagement with private-sector health care providers, inter-ministerial partnerships, corporate sector engagement, latent TB infection management, and community engagement.
  • The interventions will be accompanied by a comprehensive, mass media and communications campaign to generate awareness about the disease and the free treatment services available under the government program.
Nikshay Poshan Yojana:
  • In April 2018, the government launched the Nikshay Poshan Yojana, a direct benefit transfer (DBT) scheme to provide nutritional support to TB patients.
  • Under the scheme, TB patients have been receiving Rs. 500 per month for the entire duration of treatment.

Click here to know more about this TB campaign in the official press release.


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