Argutes

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 19 November 2021

1. National Workshop on Digital India Land Record Modernisation Programme

In a boost to the national land record modernization program, the Ministry of Rural Development organized a National Workshop to enable States to share each other’s best practices in the field and learn about the latest software developments.

Under the National Workshop on Digital India Land Record Modernisation Programme (DILRMP) National Generic Document Registration System (NGDRS) portal and Dashboard has been launched.

Insights

  1. NGDRS is an in-house advanced software application for the registration system and is configurable and compatible with the state-specific needs in the country
  2. The National Land Management Award – 2021 was launched and also national level ranking of States based on the best practices for land acquisition for infrastructure projects was proposed.
  3. Unique Land Parcel Identification Numbers (ULPIN),is based on Geo-coordinates of the parcels, is generated and assigned to the plots.
  4. This has been introduced to share the computerized digital land record data among different States and sectors and a uniform system of assigning a unique ID to the land parcels across the country.
  5. So far it has already been implemented in 13 States and pilot-tested in another six.
  6. The Department has decided to complete the process of assigning unique IDs to the land parcels in the entire country by the end of this financial year, 2021-22.
  7. When this system will be implemented in the entire country most of the land disputes will be resolved automatically.

2. Puri heritage corridor project

  1. Puri Heritage Corridor Project was unveiled in December 2019 to transform the holy town of Puri into an international place of heritage.
  2. The project includes redeveloping major portions of the holy town and in the vicinity of the temple for visitors and tourists.
  3. A resolution for the project was passed in the state assembly unanimously by all the parties in February 2020 to begin the first phase of work estimated at a cost of Rs 800 crore.
  4. Following this, the Shree Jagannath Temple Administration (SJTA) approved the architectural design plan of the project at an estimated cost of Rs 3,200 crore.

3. Indus River Dolphin census

  1. The census of one of the world’s most threatened cetaceans, the Indus river dolphin (Platanista gangetica minor) — a freshwater dolphin that is found in river Beas, is all set to commence in the winter as part of a project by the Centre.
  2. Punjab’s wildlife preservation wing has gone a step ahead to not only protect the dolphins but also their natural habitat.
  3. The Indus river dolphin is classified as endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and, until recently, it was believed that these dolphins were endemic to Pakistan.
  4. But in 2007, a remnant but viable population of Indus dolphins were discovered in Punjab’s Harike wildlife sanctuary and in the lower Beas river.

Insights

  1. Since its discovery, research is being done by Punjab’s Department of Forests and Wildlife Preservation in partnership with WWF-India on the current distribution, habitat use, and population abundance of the mammal.
  2. The Indus river dolphin was declared the State aquatic animal of Punjab in 2019.
  3. The project is to be implemented over five years.
  4. Emphasis will be laid to collect data on the spatial and temporal distribution patterns of species and population status through an established and approved methodology.
  5. Villages around the hot spot sites of dolphin occurrence will be developed as models for community-led conservation.
  6. Extension programs will be held to develop a group of dedicated individuals, called ‘Beas-Dolphin Mitras’  of the river Beas.
  7. The project also will embark on dolphin eco-tourism.
  8. The Beas river supports a viable population of several key aquatic species and the 185 km stretch of the river starting from 52 Headworks, Talwara to Harike Headworks was declared as the Beas Conservation Reserve in 2018.

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4. Business bribery risk

  1. The TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix measures the likelihood of bribe demands in 194 jurisdictions.
  2. It was originally published in 2014 to meet a need in the business community for more reliable and nuanced information about the risks of commercial bribery worldwide.
  3. The TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix aggregates relevant data obtained from leading public interest and international organisations, including the United Nations, World Bank, V-Dem Institute at the University of Gothenburg and World Economic Forum.
  4. This data helps companies to assess the likely risk of bribe demands in each country and to design compliance and due diligence programs tailored to that risk.
  5. The list by TRACE, an anti-bribery standard-setting organization, measures business bribery risk in 194 countries, territories, and autonomous and semi-autonomous regions.
  6. This score is based on four factors — business interactions with the government, anti-bribery deterrence and enforcement, government and civil service transparency, and capacity for civil society oversight which includes the role of the media.

Insights

  1. India has slipped to 82nd position in 2021, five places down from 77th rank last year, in a global list that measures business bribery risks.
  2. According to this year’s data, North Korea, Turkmenistan, Venezuela and Eritrea pose the highest commercial bribery risk, while Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden, and New Zealand present the lowest.
  3. In 2020, India ranked 77 with a score of 45 while this year, the country stood at 82nd position with a score of 44, the data showed.
  4. India fared better than its neighbors – Pakistan, China, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Bhutan, meanwhile, secured 62nd rank, the data showed.
  5. Over the past 10 years, the business bribery risk environment worsened significantly in countries that also experienced democratic backsliding: Egypt, Venezuela, Turkey, Poland, and Hungary.
  6. Over the past five years, the business bribery risk environment in the United States worsened significantly when compared with global trends.
  7. Vanuatu, Peru, North are Macedonia, and Montenegro also scored 44, the same as that of India, in the matrix.