Argutes

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 20 September 2021

Crime India’ report for 2020

  1. National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) revealed in its annual ‘Crime India’ report for 2020.
  2. National Crime Records Bureau functions under the Union Home Ministry.
  3. India recorded 1.2 lakh cases of “deaths due to negligence relating to road accidents” in 2020.
  4.  328 persons losing their lives every day on an average due to road accidents, despite the COVID-19 lockdown.
  5. A3.92 lakh lives have been lost in three years in deaths due to negligence related to road accidents.
  6. The country logged 1.35 lakh cases of “hit and run” since 2018,
  7. 52 cases of deaths due to negligence related to rail accidents were recorded across the country in 2020.
  8. The cases registered under crimes against women, children, and senior citizens, theft, burglary, robbery, and dacoity have therefore declined.
  9. COVID-related enforcement has resulted in an increase of cases registered under ‘disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant [Section 188 IPC]’, under ‘Other IPC Crimes’, and under ‘Other State Local Acts’.

Ranikhet fernery

  1. India’s largest open-air fernery was inaugurated in Uttarakhand’s Ranikhet.
  2. The fernery is home to a large number of fern species, some of which are endemic to the state, some hold medicinal value while some are threatened species that demand care and conservation.
  3. This center has been developed for the conservation of fern species and also to create awareness about their ecological role and promote further research.
  4.  The fernery has the largest collection of fern species, second to only Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Institute (TBGRI), Thiruvananthapuram.
  5. It is the country’s first open-air fernery in natural surroundings which is not under any poly-house/ shade house.
  6. A seasonal pahadi nala also passes through it, which provides adequate moisture as ferns require shade and moisture to grow and propagate.
  7. It has been developed by the Research Wing of Uttarakhand Forest Department over a period of three years, under Central Government’s CAMPA scheme.

CAMPA

  1. Compensatory Afforestation Management Funds Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) is under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF)
  2. Supreme Court of India ordered for establishment of the Compensatory Afforestation Fund and Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) in 2001.
  3. It was introduced in 2004 to accelerate activities for the preservation of natural forests, management of wildlife, infrastructure development in forests, and other allied works.
  4. In 2006, Adhoc CAMPA was established for the management of the Compensatory afforestation fund.
  5. The law establishes the National Compensatory Afforestation Fund under the Public Account of India and a State Compensatory Afforestation Fund under the Public Account of each state
  6. These Funds will receive payments for
    • Compensatory afforestation
    • Net present value of forest (NPV)
    • Other project-specific payments.
  7. The National Fund will receive 10% of these funds, and the State Funds will receive the remaining 90%.
  8. A company diverting forest land must provide alternative land to take up compensatory afforestation
  9. The company should pay to plant new trees in the alternative land provided to the state.

Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate

  1. President Biden convened the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF), as a follow-up to the convening of that group during his Leaders Summit on Climate in April.
  2. Participants underscored the urgency of strengthening climate ambition ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference of Parties (COP 26) in Glasgow and beyond.
  3. Few countries announced their support for a Global Methane Pledge to be launched at COP 26.
  4. The virtual meeting was joined by leaders from Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, the European Commission, the European Council, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, and the United Kingdom as well as the UN Secretary-General.
  5. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry chaired a ministerial session with China, Germany, India, and Russia.
  6. Recent climate-related events are termed as a “blinking code red” and noted that the time to act is narrowing — “to the point of no return.”

Topics Addressed

  1. Further commitments and actions are to be undertaken in the remaining weeks before COP 26 in Glasgow.
  2. Potential participation in the Global Methane Pledge to be launched at COP 26.
  3. The importance of a forward-looking COP outcome that reflects the collective commitment of Parties to the Paris Agreement to continue strengthening their ambition and actions post-Glasgow.
  4. Plans to leverage the MEF post-Glasgow as a launchpad for collective, concrete efforts to scale up climate action during the decisive decade of the 2020s.

Geographical Indicator

Hathei chilli

  1. It is found in Manipur’s Ukrul district and is known for its unique flavor, and Tamenglong mandarin orange has been granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
  2. Hathei chilli, commonly known as the Sirarakhong chilly, thrives well only in the climatic conditions of the Sirarakhong village, which is situated about 66 km from Imphal.
  3. It has over 200 households and farming is the main occupation of the villagers.
  4. The chilies are grown organically across the hills surrounding Sirarakhong village

Tamenglong orange

  1. Tamenglong Orange / Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) is a unique crop found only in the Tamenglong district of the state of Manipur.
  2. The plant is a perennial evergreen of the Rutaceae family and subtropical in distribution.
  3. Tamenglong Orange is rich in vitamin A, B, C, and phosphorus.
  4. Its consumption has been shown to prevent and fight diseases like cardiovascular diseases as they are rich in potassium and boost heart health.
  5. It contains phytochemicals that can protect against cancer.
  6. It is also full of vitamin C, which protects cells by neutralizing free radicals.

GI tags:

  1. GI tags are known as Geographic Indication tags.
  2. It is an indication or a sign which specifies that it originates from a definite geographical territory.
  3. GI tags are used to identify agricultural, natural, handicrafts, or manufactured goods.
  4. In December 1999, the Parliament had passed the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act,1999 in order to comply with the obligations to WTO i.e. World Trade Organization.(UPSC Prelims Question 2018)
  5. The Act would be administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks- who is the Registrar of Geographical Indications
  6. Geographical Indications are covered as an element of Intellectual Property Rights(IPR) under the TRIPS Agreement (WTO Agreement).
  7. GI tags registration is valid for 10 years.
  8. Darjeeling Tea is the first product to receive GI tag in India

Wipro-Google Cloud Innovation

  1. IT services major Wipro announced the launch of the Wipro-Google Cloud Innovation Arena in Bengaluru to accelerate the adoption of cloud services.
  2. This cloud collaboration space will provide in-house technical expertise, ensure seamless cloud adoption, and accelerate innovation to drive business transformation for customers
  3. This jointly developed innovation center will offer a unique combination of people, processes, and platforms that will collectively create a futuristic experience for customers globally.

NALSA: Pan Drive

A Pan-India Special Campaign for creating Legal Awareness was launched by NALSA through its country-wide organizational framework.

The highlights of this campaign include the deployment of 185 Mobile Vans and other vehicles to showcase films and documentaries on the Access to Justice program.

NALSA

  1. The National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) has been constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987
  2. It aims to provide free Legal Services to the weaker sections of the society and to organize Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes.
  3. In every State, State Legal Services Authority has been constituted to give effect to the policies and directions of the NALSA and to give free legal services to the people and conduct Lok Adalats in the State.
  4. The State Legal Services Authority is headed by Hon’ble the Chief Justice of the respective High Court who is the Patron-in-Chief of the State Legal Services Authority.
  5. In every District, District Legal Services Authority has been constituted to implement Legal Services Programmes in the District.
  6. The District Legal Services Authority is situated in the District Courts Complex in every District and chaired by the District Judge of the respective district.

Click here to know more

AIM and NITI Ayog

  1. Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) NITI Aayog in partnership with Dassault Systèmes’ is all set to rave up the innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem across the country.
  2. Statement of Intent (SoI) was signed between AIM and Dassault Systèmes in a virtual event to support various current and future initiatives of AIM programs and AIM beneficiaries in India.
  3. Dassault Systèmes will support and promote AIM beneficiaries including Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs), AIM incubators (AICs and EICs), Atal Community Innovation Centres (ACIC), grantees under Atal New India Challenge (ANIC), and Atal Research & Innovation for Small Enterprise (ARISE).
  4. It aims to promote innovation and entrepreneurship amongst aspiring entrepreneurs, this program will act as a catalyst for an open innovation collaboration to accelerate disruptive innovation in the community.
  5. This initiative will open a new window for select Indian startups as they get access to the Dassault Systèmes global start-up ecosystem- their accelerator program and a chance to connect with peers, industry experts, engineers, designers and be a part of the 3DEXPERIENCE Lab.

Google News Initiative

  1. Google introduced ”GNI (Google News Initiative) Start-ups Lab India”, an accelerator program designed for news start-ups in India.
  2.  Google plans to offer a four-month program to support news start-ups with operational and financial sustainability through exhaustive skills training, coaching and other support.
  3. DIGIPUB News India Foundation and Echos (a global innovation lab) collaborated to design the GNI Start-ups Lab India program and enable high-quality reporting for domestic and underserved communities in the country.
  4. All news start-ups who publish in Indian languages can avail the program.
  5. News Showcase panels on Discover and Google News, it has included four new languages – Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Marathi – in addition to Hindi and English

North Korea expands Uranium enrichment

  1. Recent satellite images show North Korea is expanding a uranium enrichment plant at its main Yongbyon nuclear complex, a sign that it’s intent on boosting the production of bomb materials.
  2. The assessment comes after North Korea recently raised tensions with its first missile tests in six months amid long-dormant nuclear disarmament negotiations with the U.S.
  3. The expansion of the enrichment plant probably indicates that N. Korea plans to increase its production of weapons-grade uranium at the Yongbyon site by as much as 25%

IAEA report on North Korea

  1. A new report from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on North Korea reveals ongoing uranium enrichment at its Yongbyon facility and continuing progress toward the construction of an experimental light-water reactor (LWR).
  2. North Korea’s five-megawatt, gas-graphite reactor remains inactive, however; and there are no signs that plutonium reprocessing occurred within the last year.
  3. Without inspector access to North Korea’s nuclear facilities, the IAEA cannot confirm either the operational status or configuration/design features of the facilities or locations described.
  4. North Korea’s production of fissile material, specifically of highly enriched uranium (HEU), continues.
  5. The agency detected no indications of plutonium reprocessing would suggest that North Korea’s plutonium production has stalled
  6. North Korea’s failure to cooperate with the IAEA limits implementation of the agency’s safeguards practices to those that can be conducted remotely and without on-site access.

North Korea and Nuclear Program

  1. North Korea is the only country to have withdrawn from the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) to pursue a nuclear weapons program and possess an increasingly sophisticated nuclear arsenal.
  2. The country remains outside of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), and has repeatedly violated the international norm against nuclear testing by conducting tests in 2006, 2009, 2013, two tests in 2016, and a test in 2017.
  3. North Korea claimed its sixth nuclear test, in September 2017, was of a thermonuclear device.
  4. The United Nations Security Council has passed numerous resolutions condemning North Korea’s nuclear activities and has imposed increasingly harsh sanctions on the North Korean military and economy.

Click here to know more