Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 21 June 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. ‘Ring of Fire’ will be visible in parts of North India today.
  2. Rajya Sabha polls and its procedure.

1. ‘Ring of Fire’ will be visible in parts of North India today.

News Summary

An annular solar eclipse is occurring today(21st June 2020). It is a rare celestial event that is popularly known as the ‘Ring of Fire’ eclipse. ‘Ring of Fire’ eclipse will be completely visible in parts of North India today and remaining areas of India will witness a partial eclipse today.

Prelims GS – Geography

Solar Eclipse:
  • A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between Earth and Sun.
  • In a total solar eclipse, the moon obscures fully the disc of the sun.
  • In a partial and an annular solar eclipse, only a part of the sun is obscured.
  • Sun appears like a ‘Ring of Fire’ during the eclipse.

2. Rajya Sabha polls and its procedure

News Summary

Recently Rajya Sabha elections were held. There are various features that differentiate polls of Rajya Sabha from Lok Sabha. The polling procedure of Rajya Sabha is different from that of the Lok Sabha elections.

Prelims GS – Polity

Rajya Sabha:
  • Rajya Sabha is also known as the Council of States.
  • The Council of States or the Upper House of Parliament is a permanent house and is not subject to dissolution.
  • Members of Rajya Sabha have a term of six years.
  • One-third of members of Rajya Sabha from each state retire every two years.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Polity

The procedure followed in Rajya Sabha elections:
  • In the Lok Sabha elections, all people on the basis of universal adult suffrage can participate in voting. However, only elected members of the State Legislative Assemblies can vote in a Rajya Sabha election.
  • The election is held on the principle of Proportional Representation and voting is by Single Transferrable Vote.
  • A bloc of MPs belonging to one or more parties can elect a member of their choice if they have the requisite numbers.
  • This is to avoid the principle of majority, which would mean that only candidates put up by ruling parties in the respective States will be elected.
  • A single transferable vote means electors can vote for any number of candidates in order of their preference.
No secret ballot in Rajya Sabha:
  • In the Lok Sabha elections, we vote in a secret EVM machine.
  • But in the Rajya Sabha elections, members do not vote in a secret ballot. It is an open ballot system.
  • This is to prevent the cross-voting.
  • Each party MLA should show his marked ballots before the party’s authorized agent before putting it into the ballot box.
  • They should show only to the party’s authorized agent. Otherwise, the vote will become invalid.
  • Independent members need not show their ballots to anyone.
  • NOTA option is not available in the Rajya Sabha elections.
  • A legislator can vote in the Rajya Sabha elections even before taking oath as a legislator.

For more information on Rajya Sabha, visit the official website.


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