In Today’s News:
- NPPA and medicine price regulation.
- Helium and applications.
1. NPPA and medicine price regulation
National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) fixes the price of 81 medicines including off-patent anti-diabetic drugs allowing due benefits of patent expiry to the patients.
Prelims GS – Governance
- National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) was constituted vide Government of India Resolution dated 29th August 1997 as an attached office of the Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP), Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers.
- NPPA is an independent Regulator for pricing drugs and ensuring the availability and accessibility of medicines at affordable prices.
Mains GS2 – Health/Governance
Functions of the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority are:
- To implement and enforce the provisions of the Drugs (Prices Control) Order in accordance with the powers delegated to it.
- To deal with all legal matters arising out of the decisions of the Authority.
- To monitor the availability of drugs, identify shortages, if any, and take remedial steps.
- To collect/ maintain data on production, exports, and imports, market share of individual companies, the profitability of companies, etc., for bulk drugs and formulations.
- To undertake and/ or sponsor relevant studies in respect of pricing of drugs/ pharmaceuticals.
- To recruit/ appoint the officers and other staff members of the Authority, as per rules and procedures laid down by the Government.
- To render advice to the Central Government on changes/ revisions in the drug policy.
- To render assistance to the Central Government in parliamentary matters relating to drug pricing.
2. Helium and applications
India imports around Rs.55000 crore Helium from the U.S. every year.
Prelims GS – Science&Technology
- Helium is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, inert, and noble gas.
- It’s less soluble in water than any other gas.
- It’s the less reactive element and doesn’t essentially form chemical compounds.
- The density and viscosity of helium vapor are very low.
- The thermic conductivity and caloric content are exceptionally high.
- Helium can be liquefied, but its condensation temperature is the lowest among all the known substances.
- Helium is the second most abundant element in the known universe, after hydrogen.
Applications of Helium:
- Helium finds its applications in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Helium was the first gas used for filling balloons and dirigibles. This application goes on in altitude research and for meteorological balloons.
- The main use of helium is as an inert protection gas in autogenous welding
- Other applications are its use as pressurizing gas in liquid propellants for rockets, in helium-oxygen mixtures for divers, as working fluid in nuclear reactors cooled down by gas, and as a gas carrier in the chemical analysis by gas chromatography.
Click here to view the Courtesy website: Lenntech on Helium and its applications.
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