Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 21 May 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. National Crisis Management Committee
  2. Competition Commission of India
  3. Plasma – the fourth state of matter.

1. National Crisis Management Committee

News Summary

The National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC)  met yesterday to review the relief and restoration efforts made by the State Governments and Union Territory Administrations and Central Ministries and Agencies in the aftermath of the Cyclonic storm ‘Tauktae’.

Prelims GS – Governance

  • The National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) is under the Chairmanship of the Cabinet Secretary.
  • NCMC usually deals with extraordinary calamities and crises.
  • NCMC also meets for relief and restoration efforts.
  • NCMC meets with the respective state governments and Disaster management authorities to discuss relief operations.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

2. Competition Commission of India

News Summary

Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman virtually commemorated the 12th Annual Day of the Competition Commission of India (CCI)

Prelims GS – Governance

CCI:(Competition Commission of India)
  • The CCI was established under the Competition Act, 2002, on 20th May 2009, when the substantive provisions concerning anti-competitive conduct came into force.
  • The Act prohibits anti-competitive agreements, abuse of dominant position by enterprises and regulates combinations (acquisition, acquiring of control, and M&A), which causes or likely to cause an appreciable adverse effect on competition within India.
  • The objectives of the Act are sought to be achieved through the Competition Commission of India, which has been established by the Central Government with effect from 14th October 2003. CCI consists of a Chairperson and 6 Members appointed by the Central Government.
  • It is the duty of the Commission to eliminate practices having adverse effects on competition, promote and sustain competition, protect the interests of consumers and ensure freedom of trade in the markets of India.
  • The Commission is also required to give an opinion on competition issues on a reference received from a statutory authority established under any law and to undertake competition advocacy, create public awareness and impart training on competition issues.

Click here to view the official website of CCI.

3. Plasma – the fourth state of matter

News Summary

Theory by Indian Scientists probably may shed light on the mystery behind complex phenomena in Plasma– the fourth state of matter.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology

A new theory regarding Plasma:
  • Indian Scientists have recently developed a theory that helps understand the complicated nature of Sun-Earth interaction’s happening in the magnetosphere– an area of space around Earth that is controlled by the Earth’s magnetic field.
  • This new theory has opened up a plethora of opportunities to unlock the mysteries of the ion-hole structures (a localized plasma region where the ion density is lower than the surrounding plasma).
  • They are now working towards a detailed study of the ion hole structures observed in various space and astrophysical environments using the developed theory.
  • The new theory developed by the Indian Institute of Geomagnetism(IIG) team provides a better understanding of the characteristics of negative monopolar potential (electric field potentials which can be visualized in the form of single-humped pulse-type structures) which was observed by Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Mission —a NASA robotic space mission to study the Earth’s magnetosphere and sheds light on the generation of these structures leading to the unraveling of nature’s greatest mystery that causes phenomena —plasma transport and heating of plasma — the fourth state of matter after solid, liquid, and gas, which is the most natural and widely observed state of matter in the entire universe.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.




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