In Today’s News:
- Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD)
- M-Yoga App
- Section 309 of IPC.
1. Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD)
Data on BOD of Ganga river conformed with the bathing quality of water except minor deviations at certain locations.
Prelims GS – Environment
- Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) represents the amount of oxygen consumed by bacteria and other microorganisms while they decompose organic matter under aerobic (oxygen is present) conditions at a specified temperature.
- BOD is used, often in wastewater-treatment plants, as an index of the degree of organic pollution in water.
- Biological oxygen demand (BOD) generally represents how much oxygen is needed to break down organic matter in water.
- High BOD indicates a high level of pollution in water and results in a decrease in dissolved oxygen in the water for other aquatic life forms.
- Lower BOD indicates a lower level of pollution in water.
Courtesy: USGS gov website.
2. M-Yoga app
Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi launched the ‘WHO M-Yoga’ App while addressing the occasion of the 7thInternational Day of Yoga on 21st June 2021.
Prelims GS – Governance
- The Ministry of AYUSH and the World Health Organization (WHO) had jointly undertaken a project in mid-2019, focussing on mobile-Yoga.
- It envisaged the concept of the ‘Be Healthy, Be Mobile’ (BHBM) under the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals to achieve Universal Health Coverage by 2030.
- Be Healthy, Be Mobile (BHBM) initiative is a global partnership led by WHO that supports the scale-up of mobile health (m-Health) technology within the scope of the National Health System to combat non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
- In order to achieve the above objectives, a memorandum of understanding was signed in July 2019 between WHO and the Ministry of AYUSH.
- M-Yoga app will provide many videos of Yoga training and practice based on common Yoga protocol in many languages.
- The m-Yoga project focused on four areas:
- Common Yoga Protocol for GeneralWellness;
- Yoga for mental health and resilience;
- Yoga for Adolescents; and
- Yoga for pre – Diabetics.
Click here to view the official PIB release.
3. Section 309 IPC
There is an article related to Section 309 of IPC from a political angle.
Prelims GS – Polity/Governance
- Section 309 of IPC deals with the punishment related to attempt to commit suicide.
- Section 309 says that “Whoever attempts to commit suicide and does any act towards the commission of such offense, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year 1[or with fine, or with both].”
Courtesy: IPC official document
Mains GS2 – Governance (Health)
India’s efforts in tackling suicides:
- According to the World Health Organization(WHO), India has the highest suicide rate in the Southeast Asia region.
- The Mental Healthcare Act of India, 2017 decriminalizes suicide, assuring adequate medical relief to those attempting it.
- This is a landmark development ensuring dignity and a humane perspective to the issue.
- The National Mental Health Programme and Health and Wellness Centres under the Ayushman Bharat Program are efforts to provide quality care at the primary health care level.
- Deaddiction centers and rehabilitation services are also available.
Click here to view the official Courtesy: WHO official website regarding suicides in India
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