Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 22 June 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD)
  2. M-Yoga App
  3. Section 309 of IPC.

1. Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD)

News Summary

Data on BOD of Ganga river conformed with the bathing quality of water except minor deviations at certain locations.

Prelims GS – Environment

  • Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) represents the amount of oxygen consumed by bacteria and other microorganisms while they decompose organic matter under aerobic (oxygen is present) conditions at a specified temperature.
  • BOD is used, often in wastewater-treatment plants, as an index of the degree of organic pollution in water.
  • Biological oxygen demand (BOD) generally represents how much oxygen is needed to break down organic matter in water.
  • High BOD indicates a high level of pollution in water and results in a decrease in dissolved oxygen in the water for other aquatic life forms.
  • Lower BOD indicates a lower level of pollution in water.

Courtesy: USGS gov website.

2. M-Yoga app

News Summary

Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi launched the ‘WHO M-Yoga’ App while addressing the occasion of the 7thInternational Day of Yoga on 21st June 2021.

Prelims GS – Governance

M-Yoga app:
  • The Ministry of AYUSH and the World Health Organization (WHO) had jointly undertaken a project in mid-2019, focussing on mobile-Yoga.
  • It envisaged the concept of the ‘Be Healthy, Be Mobile’ (BHBM) under the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals to achieve Universal Health Coverage by 2030.
  • Be Healthy, Be Mobile (BHBM) initiative is a global partnership led by WHO that supports the scale-up of mobile health (m-Health) technology within the scope of the National Health System to combat non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
  • In order to achieve the above objectives, a memorandum of understanding was signed in July 2019 between WHO and the Ministry of AYUSH.
  • M-Yoga app will provide many videos of Yoga training and practice based on common Yoga protocol in many languages.
  • The m-Yoga project focused on four areas:
    • Common Yoga Protocol for GeneralWellness;
    • Yoga for mental health and resilience;
    • Yoga for Adolescents; and
    • Yoga for pre – Diabetics.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

3. Section 309 IPC

News Summary

There is an article related to Section 309 of IPC from a political angle.

Prelims GS – Polity/Governance

Section 309:
  • Section 309 of IPC deals with the punishment related to attempt to commit suicide.
  • Section 309 says that “Whoever attempts to commit suicide and does any act towards the commission of such offense, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year 1[or with fine, or with both].”

Courtesy: IPC official document

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance (Health)

India’s efforts in tackling suicides:
  • According to the World Health Organization(WHO), India has the highest suicide rate in the Southeast Asia region.
  • The Mental Healthcare Act of India, 2017 decriminalizes suicide, assuring adequate medical relief to those attempting it. 
  • This is a landmark development ensuring dignity and a humane perspective to the issue.
  • The National Mental Health Programme and Health and Wellness Centres under the Ayushman Bharat Program are efforts to provide quality care at the primary health care level.
  • Deaddiction centers and rehabilitation services are also available.

Click here to view the official Courtesy: WHO official website regarding suicides in India




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