Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 23 October 2020

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 23 October 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. CPCB issues draft guidelines on carcasses disposals.
  2. NAG Anti-tank Guided Missile.
  3. CPI-IW Base Year changed to 2016.

1. CPCB issues draft guidelines on carcasses disposals

News Summary

Central Pollution Control Board has issued draft guidelines on the disposal of carcasses. Guidelines for incineration, for better use of remains for fertilizers, have been provided by the CPCB.

Prelims GS – Environment

CPCB:
  • Central Pollution Control Board
  • CPCB is a statutory organization
  • It is established under Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution), Act 1974 and has also been entrusted with powers and functions under Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution), Act 1981
  • CPCB works under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

For more information on CPCB, visit the official website

Mini Insights

Mains GS3 – Environment

Draft guidelines on disposal of Carcasses:

Carcasses Meaning: Dead body of an animal.

  • India has a large population of cattle and nearly 25 million cattle die of natural causes.
  • However, there is no organized system for the disposal of carcasses.
  • This has become major environmental pollution and hazard as these carcasses are left open which in turn attracts vultures and dogs eventually polluting the environment and causing health hazards.
Current practices of Carcasses disposals:
Carcasses utilization plant:
  • It involves the integrated utilization of fallen tissues of all carcasses for the value-added products which find application in the leather industry, fertilizer industry, chemical industry, etc.
Incineration:
  • Incineration is the thermal destruction of carcasses by auxiliary fuel such as diesel or natural gas, etc.
  • This method reduces carcasses to ash and is generally bio-secure.
Deep Burial:
  • Deep Burial is also another method of disposing of carcasses by burying deep in the ground.
Some important points in guidelines:
  • CPCB has also mentioned the role of implementing agencies in the disposal of carcasses.
  • It has also given measures to be taken for transportation of carcasses to the disposal site, measures to be followed in carcass utilization plant, incineration, and deep burial.
  • In the guidelines, CPCB has mentioned that only in cases of utilization plants could not be set up, incineration and Deep burial could be preferred for disposal of carcasses.
  • CPCB also said that State PCBs should ensure that carcasses are being disposed of properly.

(Note: The Mini Insights provided here may be used for Mains Environment-related question/Essay question regarding carcasses disposals)

Click here to view the detailed draft guidelines of CPCB regarding the disposal of carcasses.

2. NAG Anti-tank Guided Missile

News Summary

Final user trial of 3rd generation Anti Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) NAG was carried out today on 22 Oct 2020 at 0645 hrs from the Pokhran range.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology:

NAG Anti-tank Guided Missile:
  • NAG is a 3rd Generation Anti-tank Guided Missile.
  • ATGM NAG has been developed by DRDO to engage highly fortified enemy tanks in day and night conditions.
  • The missile has “Fire & Forget” “Top Attack” capabilities with passive homing guidance to defeat all MBTs equipped with composite and reactive armor.
  • The NAG missile carrier NAMICA is a BMP II-based system with amphibious capability.
  • With this final user trial, NAG will enter into the production phase.
  • The missile will be produced by Defence PSU Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), whereas Ordnance Factory Medak will produce the NAMICA.

Click here to view the PIB release.

3. CPI-IW base year index changed to 2016

News Summary

Minister of State (I/C) for Labour& Employment Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar, Labour Bureau released the new series of Consumer Price Index for Industrial Worker (CPI-IW) with the base year 2016, is compiled and maintained by Labour Bureau, an attached office of Ministry of Labour& Employment.  The new series of CPI(IW) with base 2016=100 will replace the existing series with base 2001=100.

Prelims GS – Governance/Economic Development

CPI- IW:
  • The CPI-IW is the single most important price statistics, which has financial implications.
  • The Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (CPI-IW), one of the vital economic indicators, which measures the relative changes in retail prices over a period of time in respect of a fixed set of goods and services consumed by an average working-class family in a given area with reference to a base year.
  • Now the base year index has been changed to 2016.
  • It is primarily used to regulate the dearness allowance of government employees and the workers in the industrial sectors.
  • It is also used in fixation and revision of minimum wages in scheduled employments besides measuring the inflation in retail prices.
  • It is compiled by Labour Bureau.
  • The CPI-IW is compiled as per international best practices & guidelines of ILO and dissemination of CPI-IW is Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) compliant.

Click here to know more about CPI-IW in the government report.

 

 

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