Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 24 August 2020

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 24 August 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. National Council for Transgender Persons.
  2. State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World Report.

1. National Council for Transgender Persons

News Summary

The Government of India has set up National Council for Transgender Persons.

Prelims GS – Polity/Governance

National Council for Transgender Persons:
  • The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has constituted the National Council for Transgender persons in the exercise of the powers conferred by the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019.
  • Chairperson: Hon’ble Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment
  • Members: Officials from some other ministries
  • Five Nominated members who are part of the Council are as follows:
    • Laxmi Narayan Tripathi,
    • Gopi Shankar Madurai,
    • Meera Parida,
    • Zainab Javid Patel and
    • Kak Chingtabam Shyamcand Sharma

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Polity/Governance

Functions of the National Council for Transgender Persons:
  • Section 16 of “THE TRANSGENDER PERSONS (PROTECTION OF RIGHTS) ACT, 2019” provides for the establishment of the National Council for Transgender Persons.
  • As per Section 17 of “THE TRANSGENDER PERSONS (PROTECTION OF RIGHTS) ACT, 2019”, the functions of the council have been provided.
  • The National Council shall perform the following functions, namely:—
    • (a) to advise the Central Government on the formulation of policies, programs, legislation and projects with respect to transgender persons;
    • (b) to monitor and evaluate the impact of policies and programs designed for achieving equality and full participation of transgender persons;
    • (c) to review and coordinate the activities of all the departments of Government and other Governmental and non-Governmental Organisations which are dealing with matters relating to transgender persons;
    • (d) to redress the grievances of transgender persons; and
    • (e) to perform such other functions as may be prescribed by the Central Government.

2. State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World Report

News Summary

It is a piece of political news not relevant for exams.

Prelims GS – Governance(Health)

State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World Report:

(Note: In this article, who releases the report is very important for UPSC civil service examination purpose)

  • The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020 was jointly prepared by the
    • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO),
    • the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD),
    • the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF),
    • the World Food Programme (WFP) and
    • the World Health Organization (WHO) to inform on progress towards ending hunger, achieving food security and improving nutrition, and to provide in-depth analysis on key challenges for achieving this goal in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
  • This joint report is issued annually.
  • Two key measures of food insecurity are presented in the report:
    • the Prevalence of Undernourishment (PoU) and
    • the Prevalence of Moderate and Severe Food Insecurity (PMSFI).
  • It presents the latest estimates on food insecurity, hunger, and malnutrition at the global and regional levels.
  • The report urges the transformation of food systems to reduce the cost of nutritious foods and increase the affordability of healthy diets.
  • The study calls on governments to:
    • Mainstream nutrition in their approaches to agriculture
    • Work to cut cost-escalating factors in the production, storage, transport, distribution and marketing of food, including reducing inefficiencies, and food loss and waste
    • Support local small-scale producers to grow and sell more nutritious foods, and secure their access to markets
    • Prioritize children’s nutrition as the category in greatest need
    • Foster behavior change through education and communication
    • Embed nutrition in national social protection systems and investment strategies.

Click here to view more on the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report.

 

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