In Today’s News:
- Beti Bachao Beti Padhao and Ujjawala scheme
- Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan.
- Ayushman Bharat – PM Jan Arogya Yojana
- Anti-microbial resistance and Measures taken by India.
1. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao and Ujjawala scheme
The details of some of the major schemes being implemented by the government for the betterment of girls in the country were given by the Union Minister of Women and Child Development, Smt. SmritiZubinIrani, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha.
Prelims GS – Governance
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao:
- BetiBachaoBetiPadhao (BBBP) Scheme aims to address declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and related issues of empowerment of girls and women over a life cycle continuum.
- The objective of the scheme is, to prevent gender-biased sex selective elimination, to ensure survival and protection of the girl child, and to ensure education and participation of the girl child.
- The key elements of the scheme include nationwide media and advocacy campaigns and multi-sectoral intervention in selected districts.
- Ujjawala Scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development for combating trafficking, with five specific components – Prevention, Rescue, Rehabilitation, Re-Integration, and Repatriation (cross-border) of victims of trafficking.
- The scheme has been conceived primarily for the purpose of preventing trafficking on one hand and rescue and rehabilitation of victims on the other.
- The scheme provides for the rehabilitation of victims by providing food, shelter, counseling, medical care, legal aid, and vocational training as well as their reintegration into society.
Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.
2. Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
Information about Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan was given by Shri Kapil Moreshwar Patil, Minister of State, Panchayati Raj written reply in Rajya Sabha.
Click here to view the official PIB release.
Prelims GS – Governance
- Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan comes under the Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
- The restructured Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan is being implemented with effect from 2018-19 across all States/UTs.
- The primary aim is strengthening Panchayati Raj Institutions for achieving Sustainable Development Goals with the main thrust on convergence with Mission Antyodaya and emphasis on strengthening Panchayati Raj Institutions in 117 Aspirational districts.
- This scheme is helpful for developing and strengthening the capacities of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) for rural local governance to become more responsive towards local development needs, preparing the participatory plans that leverage technology, efficient and optimum utilization of available resources for realizing sustainable solutions to local problems linked to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Click here to view the official website of RGSA.
3. Ayushman Bharat – PM Jan Arogya Yojana
The Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar stated about Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana(AB-PMJAY) in a written reply in the Lok Sabha.
Prelims GS – Governance
Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) was launched on 23rd September 2018.
The salient features of AB-PMJAY are:
- AB-PMJAY is the world’s largest Government funded health assurance scheme.
- AB-PMJAY provides health assurance of up to Rs.5 Lakh per family per year for secondary and tertiary healthcare hospitalizations.
- AB-PMJAY is a completely cashless and paperless scheme.
- The benefits under AB-PMJAY are portable across the country.
- There is no cap on family size, or age, or gender.
- The beneficiary families under Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) have been identified from the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) of 2011 on the basis of select deprivation and occupational criteria across rural and urban areas
4. Antimicrobial Resistance and Measures taken by India
Measures taken by India to address Antimicrobial Resistance in the country were stated by The Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar in a written reply in the Lok Sabha.
Prelims GS – Science & Technology
- Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites change over time and no longer respond to medicines making infections harder to treat and increasing the risk of disease spread, severe illness, and death.
- As a result of drug resistance, antibiotics and other antimicrobial medicines become ineffective and infections become increasingly difficult or impossible to treat.
- The rapid global spread of multi- and pan-resistant bacteria (also known as “superbugs”) that causes infections are not treatable with existing antimicrobial medicines such as antibiotics.
- Some Examples:
- WHO estimates that, in 2018, there were about half a million new cases of rifampicin-resistant TB (RR-TB) identified globally, of which the vast majority have multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB), a form of tuberculosis that is resistant to the two most powerful anti-TB drugs.
- Resistance to fluoroquinolone antibiotics in E. coli, used for the treatment of urinary tract infections, is widespread.
Causes of AMR:
- AMR occurs naturally over time, usually through genetic changes.
- Antimicrobial-resistant organisms are found in people, animals, food, plants, and the environment (in water, soil, and air).
- They can spread from person to person or between people and animals, including from food of animal origin.
- The main drivers of antimicrobial resistance include the misuse and overuse of antimicrobials; lack of access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) for both humans and animals; poor infection and disease prevention and control in health-care facilities and farms; poor access to quality, affordable medicines, vaccines and diagnostics; lack of awareness and knowledge; and lack of enforcement of legislation.
Click here to know more about AMR on the Courtesy: official website of WHO.
Mains GS2 – Governance
Measures taken by the Union Government of India to address Anti-microbial resistance in the country:
- The National Program on AMR containment was launched during the 12th FYP in 2012-17.
- Under this program, AMR Surveillance Network has been strengthened by establishing labs in State Medical College.
- National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (NAP-AMR) focusing on the One Health approach was launched on 19th April 2017 with the aim of involving various stakeholder ministries/departments.
- Delhi Declaration on AMR– an inter-ministerial consensus was signed by the ministers of the concerned ministries pledging their support in AMR containment
- AMR Surveillance Network: ICMR has established an AMR surveillance and research network (AMRSN) in 2013, to generate evidence and capture trends and patterns of drug-resistant infections in the country.
- Initiatives to control overuse or misuse of antibiotics:
- ICMR has initiated an antibiotic stewardship program (AMSP) on a pilot project basis in 20 tertiary care hospitals across India to control the misuse and overuse of antibiotics in hospital wards and ICUs.
- On the recommendations of ICMR, DCGI has banned 40 fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) which were found inappropriate.
- ICMR worked in collaboration with the Indian Council of Agriculture Research, the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairy and Fisheries, and the DCGI to ban the use of Colistin as a growth promoter in animal feed in poultry.
Click here to view the Courtesy: official PIB release to know more about the measures taken by India.
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