Argutes

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 24 November 2021

1. Swachh Survekshan 2021

  1. Recently, the President awarded the respective cities in the6th Edition of Swachh Survekshan (SS) 2021 for their performance in maintaining cleanliness, hygiene, and sanitation.
  2. The ceremony was held at the ‘Swachh Amrit Mahotsav’, which is a celebration of the achievements of cities in the past seven years of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban and a commitment from cities and citizens to move forward with renewed vigor in the next phase of Swachhata through Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0.
  3. Jal Shakti Ministry launched Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021 or rural cleanliness survey 2021 under Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II.

Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021

  1. It is an annual survey of cleanliness, hygiene, and sanitation in cities and towns across India.
  2. It was launched as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, which aimed to make India clean and free of open defecation.
  3. The first survey was undertaken in 2016 and covered 73 cities.
  4. By 2020 the survey had grown to cover 4242 cities and was said to be the largest cleanliness survey in the world.
  5. In 2021 Survekshan, participated by 4,320 cities, also saw an unprecedented number of citizens’ feedback – over 5 crores, compared to 1.87 cores last year.
  6. Less than 1 lakh Population: Vita, Lonavala, and Saswad cities from Maharashtra have ranked first, second, and third Cleanest Cities respectively.
  7. More than 1 Lakh Population: For the 5th consecutive year, Indore was awarded the title of India’s Cleanest City, while Surat and Vijayawada bagged the second and third spots respectively.
  8. Hoshangabad in Madhya Pradesh emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover City’ thus securing a place among the top 100 cities at 87th position.
  9. Best Ganga Town: Varanasi.
  10. Cleanest Cantonment: Ahmedabad Cantonment, followed by Meerut Cantonment and Delhi Cantonment.
  11. Cleanest State with more than 100 Urban Local Bodies: Chhattisgarh has been awarded as the ‘Cleanest State’ of India for the 3rd consecutive year. Karnataka emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover State’.
  12. Less than 100 Urban Local Bodies: Jharkhand won the ‘Cleanest State’ of India for the second time in this category. Mizoram emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover State’.

Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0

  1. SBM-U 2.0, announced in Budget 2021-22, is the continuation of SBM-U’s first phase.
  2. The government is trying to tap safe containment, transportation, disposal of fecal sludge, and septage from toilets. It will be implemented over five years from 2021 to 2026 with an outlay of Rs. 1.41 lakh crore.
  3. It focuses on source segregation of garbage, reduction in single-use plastic and air pollution, effectively managing waste from construction and demolition activities, and bioremediation of all legacy dump sites.
  4. Under this mission, all wastewater will be treated properly before it is discharged into water bodies, and the government is trying to make maximum reuse a priority

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2. Report on ‘Health Care Equity in Urban India’

According to a recent report, life expectancy among the poorest is lower by 9.1 years and 6.2 years among men and women, respectively, compared to the richest in urban areas.

It was released recently by Azim Premji University in collaboration with 17 regional NGOs across India. The report explores health vulnerabilities and inequalities in cities in India. It also looks at the availability, accessibility, and cost of healthcare facilities, and possibilities in future-proofing services in the next decade.

Highlights of the report

  1. A third of India’s people now live in urban areas, with this segment seeing rapid growth from about 18% (1960) to 34% (in 2019).
  2. Close to 30% of people living in urban areas are poor.
  3. The report pointed to chaotic urban health governance, where the multiplicity of healthcare providers both within and outside the government without coordination challenges urban health governance.
  4. A heavy financial burden on the poor, and less investment in healthcare by urban local bodies is also a major challenge.

3. All India Survey on Domestic Workers

  Recently, the Union Minister for Labour and Employment flagged off the first-ever All India Survey on Domestic Workers (DW). This was the first-ever survey in independent India and will be completed in a year.

Objective

  1. The main objectives of the survey are to estimate the number/proportion of DWs at the National and State levels., Household Estimates of Live-in/Live-out DWs., The average number of DWs engaged by different types of households.
  2. Parameters the survey aims to capture the number and proportion of household workers by major states, with separate rural and urban break-ups, their percentage distribution, households that employ them, and socio-demographic characteristics.
  3. The survey would cover 37 States and Union Territories, covering 1.5 lakh households in 742 districts.
  4. The survey for domestic workers is among five national jobs surveys that will be conducted periodically and provide crucial data for an upcoming national employment policy.
  5. The other four surveys are the All-India Survey of Migrant Workers, All-India Survey of Employment Generated by Professionals, and All-India Survey of Employment Generated in the Transport Sector, All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES).

 4. Tsirkon hypersonic missile

The flight development tests of the Tsirkon hypersonic missile from an underwater carrier after two successful test launches will resume from the Project 885M (Yasen-M) modified nuclear-powered submarine Perm in 2024, a source in the domestic defense industry told TASS.

Insights

  1. The flight development tests from an underwater carrier are planned to be resumed no sooner than 2024.
  2. They will be carried out from the Project 885M submarine Perm that will differ from its predecessors by a slightly altered design.
  3. If the submarine proves to be unready for the Tsirkon test launches in 2024, they will resume in the first half of 2025.
  4. TASS has no official confirmation of this information yet.
  5. As TASS reported earlier, the modified submarine Perm, which is the Project 885M fifth nuclear-powered sub, will be the first regular underwater carrier of Tsirkon hypersonic missiles.
  6. The submarine is set to enter service with the Russian Navy in 2025.
  7. The Sevmash Shipyard is currently building six Project 885M submarines.
  8. The Project 885 and Project 885M lead submarines Severodvinsk and Kazan are in operational service with the Russian Navy while the Project 885M first serial-built sub-Novosibirsk is undergoing trials and is set to enter service with the Navy by the end of this year.

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