Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 26 August 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO) Foreign Ministers meet likely to be in September.

1. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation(SCO) Foreign Ministers meet likely to be in September.

News Summary

Hon’ble Minister of External Affairs of India Shri. Jaishankar may be meeting Chinese Foreign Minister Mr.Wang at the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Foreign Ministers meeting which is likely to be held on September 10 in Moscow. The meeting is yet to be officially confirmed. This meeting will mark the first high-level meeting after tensions between India and China at Line of Actual Control and Galwan clashes.

Prelims GS – International Relations

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation:
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organization.
  • Its creation was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.
  • It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed during the St.Petersburg SCO Heads of State meeting in June 2002 and entered into force on 19 September 2003.
  • This is the fundamental statutory document that outlines the organization’s goals and principles, as well as its structure and core activities.
  • The historical meeting of the Heads of State Council of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation was held on 8-9 June 2017 in Astana. The status of a full member of the Organization was granted to the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in the 2017 meeting.
  • The organization has two permanent bodies —
    • the SCO Secretariat based in Beijing and
    • the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent.
  • The Heads of State Council (HSC) is the supreme decision-making body in the SCO. It meets once a year and adopts decisions and guidelines on all important matters of the organization.
  • The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese.
Current Members of SCO:(Eight Members)
  • The Republic of India,
  • The Republic of Kazakhstan,
  • The People’s Republic of China,
  • The Kyrgyz Republic,
  • The Islamic Republic of Pakistan,
  • The Russian Federation,
  • The Republic of Tajikistan, and
  • The Republic of Uzbekistan
Four observer states in SCO:
  • The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan,
  • The Republic of Belarus,
  • The Islamic Republic of Iran and
  • The Republic of Mongolia
Six dialogue partners of SCO:
  • The Republic of Azerbaijan,
  • The Republic of Armenia,
  • The Kingdom of Cambodia,
  • The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal,
  • The Republic of Turkey, and
  • The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – International Relations

SCO Organisational Structure and Goals:
SCO Secretariat:
  • The SCO Secretariat, based in Beijing, is the main permanent executive body of the SCO.
  • The SCO Secretariat coordinates the activity of the SCO and provides informational, analytical, legal, organizational, and technical support.
  • The Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is the permanent body of the SCO RATS based in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan.
  • The Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure operates in accordance with the SCO Charter, the Shanghai Convention on Combating Terrorism, Separatism, and Extremism, the Agreement among the SCO member states on the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure, as well as documents and decisions adopted in the SCO framework.
Goals of SCO are:
  • Strengthening mutual confidence and good-neighborly relations among the member countries;
  • Promoting effective cooperation in politics, trade and economy, science and technology, culture as well as education, energy, transportation, tourism, environmental protection, and other fields;
  • Making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security, and stability in the region;
  • moving towards the establishment of a new, democratic, just, and rational political and economic international order.
  • Proceeding from the Spirit of Shanghai the SCO pursues its internal policy based on the principles of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equal rights, consultations, respect for the diversity of cultures and aspiration towards common development, its external policy is conducted in accordance with the principles of non-alignment, non-targeting anyone, and openness.

Click here to visit the official website of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.


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