Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 26 February 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021 notified.
  2. Guru Ravidas Birthday.

1. Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021 notified

News Summary

Amidst growing concerns around lack of transparency, accountability, and rights of users related to digital media and after elaborate consultation with the public and stakeholders, the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules 2021 has been framed in exercise of powers under section 87 (2) of the Information Technology Act, 2000 and in supersession of the earlier Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines) Rules 2011.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance(e-Governance)

(Note: Here only the key points have been mentioned. You may visit the official Press Release to understand the entire rules.)

Guidelines Related to Social Media to Be Administered by Ministry of Electronics and IT:
  • Due Diligence To Be Followed By Intermediaries
  • Grievance Redressal Mechanism
  • Ensuring Online Safety and Dignity of Users, Especially Women Users
Additional Due Diligence to Be Followed by Significant Social Media Intermediary:
    • Appoint a Chief Compliance Officer who shall be responsible for ensuring compliance with the Act and Rules. Such a person should be a resident in India.
    • Appoint a Nodal Contact Person for 24×7 coordination with law enforcement agencies. Such a person shall be a resident in India.
    • Appoint a Resident Grievance Officer who shall perform the functions mentioned under Grievance Redressal Mechanism. Such a person shall be a resident in India.
    • Publish a monthly compliance report mentioning the details of complaints received and action taken on the complaints as well as details of contents removed proactively by the significant social media intermediary.
    • Voluntary User Verification Mechanism
    • Giving Users An Opportunity to Be Heard
    • Removal of Unlawful Information
Digital Media Ethics Code Relating to Digital Media and OTT Platforms to Be Administered by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting:
  • The issues relating to digital media and OTT and other creative programs on the Internet shall be administered by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting but the overall architecture shall be under the Information Technology Act, which governs digital platforms.
  • The Rules establish a soft-touch self-regulatory architecture and a Code of Ethics and a three-tier grievance redressal mechanism for news publishers and OTT Platforms and digital media.
  • Notified under section 87 of the Information Technology Act, these Rules empower the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting to implement Part-III of the Rules which prescribe the following:
    • Code of Ethics for online news, OTT platforms, and digital media: This Code of Ethics prescribe the guidelines to be followed by OTT platforms and online news and digital media entities.
    • Self-Classification of Content: 
      • The OTT platforms, called the publishers of online curated content in the rules, would self-classify the content into five age-based categories– U (Universal), U/A 7+, U/A 13+, U/A 16+, and A (Adult).
      • Platforms would be required to implement parental locks for content classified as U/A 13+ or higher, and reliable age verification mechanisms for content classified as “A”.
      • The publisher of online curated content shall prominently display the classification rating specific to each content or program together with a content descriptor informing the user about the nature of the content, and advising on viewer description (if applicable) at the beginning of every program enabling the user to make an informed decision, prior to watching the program.
    • Publishers of news on digital media would be required to observe Norms of Journalistic Conduct of the Press Council of India and the Programme Code under the Cable Television Networks Regulation Act thereby providing a level playing field between the offline (Print, TV) and digital media.
    • three-level grievance redressal mechanism has been established under the rules with different levels of self-regulation.
      • Level-I: Self-regulation by the publishers;
      • Level-II: Self-regulation by the self-regulating bodies of the publishers;
      • Level-III: Oversight mechanism.

Click here to view the entire official PIB Press Release.

2. Guru Ravidas Birthday

News Summary

Hon’ble President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind has greeted fellow-citizens on the eve of the birthday of Guru Ravidas.

Prelims GS – Art and Culture

Guru Ravidas:
  • Guru Ravidas was a great saint and a religious reformer, who devoted his life to serving humanity.
  • Through his teachings, he delivered the message of equality, justice, peace, and harmony to mankind.
  • He worked for promoting the principles of social harmony and brotherhood throughout his life.
  • Guru Ravidas was a saint of the Bhakti movement.
  • Mirabai is considered a disciple of Ravidas.
  • Guru Ravidas Jayanti is celebrated in the month of Magh(February) on Magh Purnima day.
  • Some of the poems attributed to Ravidas were included in Adi Granth, the sacred scripture of Sikhism.

Click here to know more about Ravidas.



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