In Today’s News:
- 39th World Heritage Site in India.
- Alison squirrel.
- National Food Security Act 2013.
1. 39th World Heritage site in India
India’s nomination of Rudreswara Temple, (also known as the Ramappa Temple) at Palampet, Mulugu district, near Warangal in the state of Telangana has been inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. India has got its 39th World Heritage site.
Prelims GS – Art&Culture
- The Rudreswara temple was constructed in 1213 AD during the reign of the Kakatiya Empire by RecharlaRudra, a general of Kakatiya king Ganapati Deva.
- The presiding deity here is RamalingeswaraSwamy.
- It is also known as the Ramappa temple, after the sculptor who executed the work in the temple for 40 years.
- The temple complexes of Kakatiyas have a distinct style, technology, and decoration exhibiting the influence of the Kakatiyan sculptor.
- The Ramappa Temple is a manifestation of this and often stands as a testimonial to the Kakatiyan creative genius.
- The temple stands on a 6 feet high star-shaped platform with walls, pillars, and ceilings adorned with intricate carvings that attest to the unique skill of the Kakatiyan sculptors.
- The temple’s foundation is built with the “sandbox technique” where the flooring is granite and the pillars are basalt.
- The lower part of the temple is red sandstone while the white gopuram is built with light bricks that reportedly float on water.
- The distinct style of Kakatiyas for the gateways to temple complexes, unique only to this region confirm the highly evolved proportions of aesthetics in temple and town gateways in South India.
Click here to view the Courtesy: official PIB release.
Click here to know more about UNESCO World Heritage Sites on our Current Affairs page released on 20th May 2021.
2. Alison Squirrel
The scientists from various Indian Institutes were on a scientific quest to identify the cause for color change in Alison.
Prelims GS – Environment
Alison and color change:
- Alison is a black squirrel which is named after a U.K.-based scientist who helped in identifying the animal.
- It was captured from Kerala’s capital city Thiruvananthapuram in 2008.
- The color change was caused by a gene mutation.
- The MelanoCortin-1 Receptor (MC1R) gene in the animal is responsible for activating the change in pigmentation.
3. National Food Security Act 2013
There is an article related to India’s Food Security response.
Prelims GS – Governance
- The National Food Security Act, 2013 was notified on 10th September 2013 with the objective to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity.
- The Act provides for coverage of up to 75% of the rural population and upto 50% of the urban population for receiving subsidized foodgrains under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), thus covering about two-thirds of the population.
- The eligible persons will be entitled to receive 5 Kg of foodgrains per person per month at subsidized prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per Kg for rice/wheat/coarse grains.
- The existing Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households, which constitute the poorest of the poor, will continue to receive 35 Kgs of foodgrains per household per month.
- The eldest woman of the household of age 18 years or above will be the head of the household for the purpose of issuing ration cards.
Click here to view the Courtesy: Vikaspedia website.
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