Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 26 September 2020

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 26 September 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. CWMA meeting on September 25th, 2020.

1.CWMA meeting on September 25th, 2020

News Summary

There were heated discussions of the Mekadatu dam Project in CWMA meet on 25th Sep 2020 between Karnataka and Tamilnadu.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance

Background of Cauvery Water Management Authority and Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal:
  • Central Government, in the exercise of the powers conferred by section 4 of the Inter-State River Water Disputes Act, 1956 (33 of 1956) had constituted the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal to adjudicate upon the water dispute regarding the Inter-State river Cauvery and the river valley thereof among the States of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Union territory of Puducherry.
  • The Tribunal investigated the matters referred to it and forwarded to the Central Government a report under sub-section (2) of section 5 of the Act on the 5th of February 2007.
  • The party States filed special leave petitions in the Hon’ble Supreme Court against the said report.
  • Hon’ble Supreme Court converted the said special leave petitions into Civil Appeals.
  • Hon’ble Supreme Court pronounced its judgment and final order in Civil Appeals 2453 of 2007, 2454 of 2007, and 2456 of 2007 on the 16th February 2018 and directed the Central Government to frame a scheme under section 6A of the Act to implement the Tribunal Award as modified by the Hon’ble Supreme Court vide Order dated the 16th February 2018;
Cauvery Water Management Authority:
  • In exercise of the powers conferred by section 6A of the said Act, the Central Government notified the Cauvery Water Management Scheme on 01st June 2018, inter alia, constituting the ‘Cauvery Water Management Authority’ and the ‘Cauvery Water Regulation Committee’ to give effect to the decision of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal as modified by the Hon’ble Supreme Court vide its Order, dated 16th February 2018.
  • The Cauvery Water Management Authority shall consist of the following members, namely: –
  • Chairman – To be appointed by the Central Government, who shall have tenure of five years or till sixty-five years of age, whichever is earlier, amongst the serving officers, namely: –
    • (i) who is a senior and eminent engineer with wide experience in water resource management; handling of inter-State water sharing issues; construction, operation and maintenance of irrigation projects; or
    • (ii) an All India Service Officer, in the rank of Secretary or Additional Secretary to the Government of India with experience in water resources and inter-State water sharing issues;
  •  Two whole-time Members – To be appointed by the Central Government for a term of three years which may be extendable up to five years, as mentioned below:
    • (i) One Member (Water Resources) – an engineer not below the rank of Chief Engineer from the Central Water Engineering Services (CWES) cadre;
    • (ii) One Member (Agriculture) – not below the rank of a Commissioner from the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare;
  • Two Part-Time Members – Representatives of the Central Government of the rank of Joint Secretary to be nominated by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation and Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare respectively;
  •  Four Part-Time Members from party States – Administrative Secretaries in charge of Water Resource Departments of each State Government of Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and the Union territory of Puducherry who shall be nominated by the State Governments and Union territory administration respectively.
  • Secretary of the Authority.—The Authority shall have a Secretary who shall be an engineer to be appointed by the Central Government for a term of three years which may be extendable up to five years and not below the rank of Chief Engineer from the Central Water Engineering Services cadre and he shall not have any voting rights.
Powers, functions, and duties of the Authority.—
  • The Authority shall exercise such power and shall discharge such duty to do any or all things necessary, sufficient and expedient for securing compliance and implementation of the Award of the Tribunal as modified by the Hon’ble Supreme Court vide Order dated the 16th February 2018 including:
    • (i) storage, apportionment, regulation, and control of Cauvery waters;
    • (ii) supervision of the operation of reservoirs and with the regulation of water releases therefrom with the assistance of Regulation Committee;
    • (iii) regulated release by Karnataka, at the inter-State contact point presently identified as Billigundulu gauge and discharge station, located on the common border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Click here to know more about CWMA and functions in the official Gazette pdf.

 

 

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