Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 27 July 2021

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 27 July 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Atal Bhujal Yojana
  2. Gold Reserves in India
  3. Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana
  4. Samagra Shiksha scheme
  5. NISHTHA

1. Atal Bhujal Yojana

News Summary

Information about the implementation of Atal Bhujal Yojana was given by the Union Minister for Jal Shakti, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat   in a written  reply in Rajya Sabha

Prelims GS – Governance

ABY:
  • Atal Bhujal Yojana (ATAL JAL) is a World Bank aided Central Sector Scheme of the Government of India with a total outlay of Rs 6000 crore, out of which Rs. 3000 cr. will be a loan from World Bank.
  • The main focus of the scheme is on community participation and demand-side interventions for sustainable groundwater management in identified water-stressed areas of seven States – Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
  • This scheme is expected to contribute significantly towards the water and food security of the participating States.
  • The Scheme has two components:
    • Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building Component, which is aimed at strengthening the groundwater governance mechanism in the participating States and
    • Incentive Component, which is aimed at incentivizing the States for various measures including adoption of practices for efficient water use and supply-side interventions for ensuring the long-term sustainability of groundwater resources.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

2. Gold Reserves in India

News Summary

Information about Gold Reserves in India was given by The Minister of Mines, Coal, and Parliamentary Affairs Shri Pralhad Joshi in a written reply in Rajya Sabha.

Prelims GS – Governance

Gold Reserves in India:
  • As per National Mineral Inventory data, the total reserves/resources of gold ore (primary) in the country have been estimated at 501.83 million tonnes as of 1.4.2015.
  • Out of these, 17.22 million tonnes were placed under the reserves category and the remaining 484.61 million tonnes under the remaining resources category
  • In India, the largest resources of gold ore (primary) are located in Bihar (44%) followed by Rajasthan (25%), Karnataka (21%), West Bengal (3%), Andhra Pradesh (3% ), Jharkhand (2 %).
  • The remaining 2% resources of ore are located in Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Tamil Nadu.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.

3. Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana

News Summary

Information about the implementation of Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana was given by The Minister of Mines, Coal, and Parliamentary Affairs Shri Pralhad Joshi in a written reply in Rajya Sabha

Prelims GS – Governance

PMKKKY:
  • The Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) will be implemented by the District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) of the respective districts using the funds accruing to the DMF.
  • The overall objective of PMKKKYscheme will be
    • to implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining-affected areas, and these projects/programs will be complementing the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government;
    • to minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health, and socio-economics of people in mining districts; and
    • to ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas.
  • The Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015, mandated the setting up of District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) in all districts in the country affected by mining-related operations.
  • The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2021 which came into effect on 28.03.2021 further empowers the Central Government to issue directions to the State Governments with respect to the composition and functions of DMF.
  • Accordingly, Central Government issued an order on 23.04.2021 to all the States to include MPs, MLAs, and MLCs in the Governing Council in the larger public interest.

Click here to view the official document and click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.

4. Samagra Shiksha Scheme

News Summary

Information about the Samagra Shiksha scheme was given by the Union Minister of Education, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan in a written reply in the Lok Sabha.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Prelims GS – Governance

Samagra Shiksha scheme:
  • Samagra Shiksha is an overarching program for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class 12.
  • It is prepared with the broader goal of improving school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes.
  • It subsumes the three erstwhile Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), and Teacher Education (TE).
  • The Scheme will be implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
The major objectives of the Scheme:
  • Provision of quality education and enhancing learning outcomes of students;
  • Bridging Social and Gender Gaps in School Education;
  • Ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education;
  • Ensuring minimum standards in schooling provisions;
  • Promoting Vocationalisation of education;
  • Support States in the implementation of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009; and
  • Strengthening and up-gradation of SCERTs/State Institutes of Education and DIET as a nodal agency for teacher training.

Click here to view the official website.

5. NISHTHA

News summary

Due to COVID-19 challenges and in order to provide continuous professional development opportunities to the teachers at the elementary level, this Department has launched NISHTHA online using the DIKSHA platform in October 2020. Around 24 lakh teachers have completed NISHTHA online training at the elementary level by June 2021.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Prelims GS – Governance

NISHTHA:
  • NISHTHA refers to the National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement
  • NISHTHA is a capacity-building program for “Improving Quality of School Education through Integrated Teacher Training”.
  • NISHTHA program comes under the Ministry of Education.
  • The aim of this training is to motivate and equip teachers to encourage and foster critical thinking in students, handle diverse situations and act as first-level counselors.
  • It aims to build competencies among all the teachers and school principals at the elementary stage.
  • The functionaries (at the state, district, block, cluster level) shall be trained in an integrated manner on learning outcomes, school-based assessment, learner-centered pedagogy, new initiatives in education, addressing diverse needs of children through multiple pedagogies, etc.

Click here to know more on the official website of NISHTHA.

 

 

 

 

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