Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 27 September 2021

1. Radio Stations in Kargil

  1. High power transmitters at one of the highest Radio Stations in the world at Humbatingla in Kargil Ladakh was inaugurated.
  2. Two – 10kW High Power Transmitters of All India Radio FM radio station and Doordarshan at an altitude of 13 thousand 300 feet from mean sea level at Humbatingla in Batalik of Kargil was launched.
  3. Transmitters would improve the transmission and the reach in the region, especially in the region.
  4. New transmitters would counter the neighbor’s propaganda and reach the right information to the public.
  5.  thirty thousand units of DD Free Dishes with 130 channels, would be distributed to the border village public for free.
  6. Unique cultures of Kargil and Leh in Ladakh will be introduced to the world through the increased air time on All India Radio and Doordarshan in Ladakh.
  7. Himalayan Film Festival was inaugurated to encourage the film industry to project Ladakh as a destination of the industry.

2. Antyodaya Diwas

  1. Antyodaya Diwas was given its national importance when Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in 2014, dedicated it in honor of late Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya to mark his birth anniversary
  2. Antyodaya Diwas is observed every year on September 25.
  3. This day was given its national importance in 2014, dedicated in honor of late Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya to mark his birth anniversary.
  4. He was a veteran politician who was one of the key leaders of Bharatiya Jana Sangh from which the BJP emerged.
  5. Antyodaya means uplifting the poorest of the poor and, hence, the day is observed with the aim to reach out to the last person of the society.
  6. The 63-ft tall statue of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya was inaugurated in Varanasi.

Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya

  1. Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya was born in 1916 in Mathura and had served Bharatiya Jana Sangh from 1953 to 1968.
  2. He was the source of ideological guidance and moral inspiration for the BJP since its inception.
  3. He was an Indian politician and thinker of right-wing Hindutva ideology.
  4. He was also known as Panditji for appearing in the civil services examination hall wearing the traditional Indian dhoti-kurta and cap.
  5. Upadhyaya started the monthly publication Rashtra Dharma in the 1940s, while involved with the RSS, to spread Hindutva ideology.
  6. After 50 years of his death, that railway station was renamed after him as “Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Junction” by the government in 2018

3. Saubhagya Scheme

  1. The government announced that two crores 82 lakh households have been electrified so far under the Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana – Saubhagya.
  2. The scheme has completed four years today since its inception. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched this scheme on this day in 2017.
  3. It aims to ensure electrification of all willing households in the country in rural as well as urban areas.

Saubhagya Scheme

  1. Saubhagya is one of the largest household electrification drives in the world.
  2. The objective of the scheme was to achieve Universal Household Electrification in the country, through last-mile connectivity and providing access to electricity to all un-electrified households.
  3. Focusing on last-mile connectivity and electricity connections to all the unelectrified households in the country.
  4.  It is a concurrent program to Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana’ (DDUGJY).
  5. Salient features:
    • Free metered connection for economically poor households and a charge of Rs. 500 (adjusted in electricity bills in 10 monthly installments) for households other than poor, only after releasing of connection.
    • Establishing camps in villages/clusters of villages for on-spot registration
    • Use of Mobile App for identification of beneficiaries and electronic registration including requisite documentation
    • Web-based near real-time monitoring and updating of progress
    • SPV based standalone systems for households located in remote/ difficult areas
    • Communication plan for creating awareness about the scheme and its benefits
    • Flexibility to States in the mode of implementation (Departmental/ Turnkey/ Semi-turnkey)

Click here to know more

4. Digital AirSpace Map

  1. The government released an interactive digital airspace map for drone operations that demarcates areas into zones, including yellow and red, across the country for flying drones.
  2. The release of the map comes close with revamped drone rules that are based on the premises of self-certification and non-intrusive monitoring of the activities.
  3. For drone operations, the zones are divided into three — green, yellow, and red.
  4. It is another step in realizing the collective vision of an Aatmanirbhar Bharat.
  5. The map, available on aviation regulator DGCA’s digital sky platform, comes as a follow-through of the liberalized drone rules, the PLI scheme for drones, and the geospatial data guidelines.

Green Zone

  1. It is the airspace up to 400 feet and up to 200 feet above the area located between 8-12 kilometers from the perimeter of an operational airport.
  2. In green zones, no permission whatsoever is required for operating drones with an all-up weight of up to 500 kilograms

Yellow Zone

  1. The yellow zone is the airspace above 400 feet in a designated green zone. T
  2. hose above 200 feet in the area located between 8-12 kilometers from the perimeter of an operational airport and above ground in the area located between 5-8 kilometers from the perimeter of an operational airport would be considered as yellow zones.
  3. The yellow zone has been reduced from 45 kilometers earlier to 12 kilometers from the airport perimeter.
  4. Drone operations in the yellow zone require permission from the concerned air traffic control authority as the case may be.

Red Zone

  1. The red zone is the area within which drones can be operated only after permission from the central government.

Click here to know about modified Drone rules

5. National Cooperative Conference

  1. Home Minister Amit Shah addressed the first mega-conference on cooperatives in the national capital,
  2. The government’s vision and roadmap for the development of the sector was announced.
  3. It is stated that cooperative movement is more relevant today and they can contribute a lot to the development of the country.
  4. The cooperatives will play a crucial part in making India a $5 trillion economy.
  5. The number of primary agriculture cooperatives (PACs) will be increased to 3 lakh in the next five years.
  6. At present, there are about 65,000 PAC

6. World Rivers Day 2021

  1. Every year on the fourth Sunday of September, World River Day is observed to raise awareness regarding water bodies and to promote their conservation.
  2. This year, it falls on September 26
  3. This year’s theme is ‘waterways in our communities,’ with a specific emphasis on the need to conserve and repair urban waterways, which are frequently under stress

History and significance

  1. Mark Angelo, a well-known river environmentalist, addressed the United Nations in 2005 during its Water for Life campaign, a decade-long effort to raise awareness about vulnerable water supplies throughout the world.
  2. Angelo called for an annual World Rivers Day to help the cause gain traction.
  3. According to Mark Angelo, the founder and Chair of World Rivers Day, the significance of clean freshwater has been critical in the tussle against COVID-19.
  4. World Rivers Day is a timeous opportunity for millions and millions of people across the globe to come together and commemorate the importance of healthy thriving waterways.

7. UN General Assembly

  1. The 76th session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA 76) opened in September 2021.
  2. On that day, Abdulla Shahid of the Maldives was sworn in as the General Assembly President and he opened the 76th session.
  3. Due to the global pandemic, the size of delegations allowed into the General Assembly Hall will be limited, and UN Member States were encouraged to provide pre-recorded statements in lieu of traveling to UN Headquarters.
  4. The UN General Assembly is the main policy-making organ of the United Nations.
  5. This policy brief provides a short overview of some key issues to be discussed during the General Debate and several High-Level events during the opening of UNGA 76.

Click here to know more

8. Hunarbaaz Awards

  1. The virtual award ceremony was organized by NIRDPR with MoRD, in association with State Rural Livelihood Missions (SRLMs) and Rural Self-employment Training Institutes (RSETIs).
  2. Hunarbaaz Awards have been instituted by the National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD&PR), Hyderabad
  3. It is under the auspices of the Ministry of Rural Development for 75 differently-abled candidates as part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav.
  4. The awards are given to the candidates who were trained through Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) and RSETI schemes of the Ministry in various trades, they subsequently got placed and worked in the organizations for more than one year or were successfully settled in the trade of their choice as self-employed.

9. International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

  1. The United Nations observes 26 September every year as the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons.
  2. The aim of the day is to enhance public awareness about the threat posed to humanity by nuclear weapons and the necessity for their total elimination.
  3. It provides an opportunity to educate the public and their leaders about the real benefits of eliminating such weapons, and the social and economic costs of perpetuating them.
  4. The General Assembly declared the International Day in December 2013, in its resolution 68/32 as a follow-up to the high-level meeting of the General Assembly on nuclear disarmament held on 26 September 2013, in New York.