Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 28 April 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Pyrolysis and Pyrasol Project.
  2. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana.
  3. Agriculture Infrastructure Fund.

1. Pyrolysis and Pyrasol Project.

News Summary

A Solar Dryer and Pyrolysis pilot plant at Chennai will soon offer an innovative approach for smart cities to transform urban organic waste into biochar and energy. The pilot is part of the Indo-German project ‘Pyrasol’ launched to transform urban organic waste into biochar and energy in smart cities.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology

  • Pyrolysis is the heating of organic material, such as biomass, in the absence of oxygen. 
  • As no oxygen is present, the material does not combust but the chemical compounds (i.e. cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin) that make up that material thermally decompose into combustible gases and charcoal.
  • Most of these combustible gases can be condensed into a combustible liquid, called pyrolysis oil (bio-oil), though there are some permanent gases (CO­2, CO, H2, light hydrocarbons).
  • Thus pyrolysis of biomass produces three products: one liquid, bio-oil, one solid, bio-char, and one gaseous (syngas).
  • The pyrolysis process can be self-sustained, as combustion of the syngas and a portion of bio-oil or bio-char can provide all the necessary energy to drive the reaction.

Click here to know more about Pyrolysis on the Courtesy: U.S.Department of Agriculture website.

Mini Insights

Mains GS3 – Science & Technology

Significance of Pyrasol project in urban waste management:
  • The project focuses on managing and organizing the collection, treatment, and disposal systems of urban wastes in Indian Smart Cities as well as in other urban centers with an integrated and interactive approach.
  • Through this Pyrasol project, simple and robust processing technologies for urban organic waste will be combined in a synergetic manner and further developed to improve sanitation and welfare, supply regenerative energy, convert waste into products, and reduce the carbon footprint of smart cities by an innovative organic waste drying system using the solar natural chimney effect followed by a high efficient single-chamber pyrolysis.
  • The project will ultimately lead to technology development for the joint processing of Fibrous Organic Waste (FOW) and Sewage Sludge (SS) of Indian smart cities into hygienic and highly valuable biochar associated with energy recovery, carbon sequestration, and environmental improvement.

Click here to view the Courtesy: official PIB release.

2. Parampargat Krishi Vikas Yojana

News Summary

Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) is working to identify Traditional Organic Areas to transform them into certified organic production hubs.

Prelims GS – Agriculture

  • “Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana” is an elaborated component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of the major project National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA).
  • Under PKVY Organic farming is promoted through the adoption of the organic village by cluster approach and Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) certification.
  • Under the scheme, individual farmers can avail of financial assistance for certification under any of the prevailing certification systems of NPOP or PGS-India. Assistance will be available as reimbursement of certification costs directly to certification agencies through the states.

Click here to view the official document.

3. Agriculture Infrastructure Fund

News Summary

Agriculture Infrastructure Fund has crossed the Rs. 8000 crore mark after receiving 8,665 applications worth Rs. 8,216 crores. The largest share of the pie is contributed by Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS) (58%), agri-entrepreneurs (24%), and individual farmers (13%). These investments are useful for a wide range of projects which will unlock value for farmers across the country.

Prelims GS – Agriculture

  • The Agriculture Infrastructure Fund is a medium – long term debt financing facility for investment in viable projects for post-harvest management infrastructure and community farming assets through interest subvention and credit guarantee.
  • The duration of the scheme is from FY2020 to FY2029 (10 years).
  • Under the scheme, Rs. 1 Lakh Crore will be provided by banks and financial institutions as loans with interest subvention of 3% per annum and credit guarantee coverage under CGTMSE for loans up to Rs. 2 Crores.
  • Eligible beneficiaries include farmers, FPOs, PACS, Marketing Cooperative Societies, SHGs, Joint Liability Groups (JLG), Multipurpose Cooperative Societies, Agri-entrepreneurs, Start-ups, and Central/State agency or Local Body sponsored Public-Private Partnership Projects.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.




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