In Today’s News:
- Kuttanad Below Sea Level Farming.
- Inner Line Permit.
1. Kuttanad Below Sea Level Farming
In Today’s Newspaper, Kuttanad place is mentioned for some other reason not relevant to the exam. Hence, Argutes wanted to give you more insights on Kuttanad and related articles relevant to the exams.
Prelims GS – Agriculture
Kuttanad Below Sea Level Farming system:
- Kuttanad is a delta region of about 900 sq. km situated on the west coast of Kerala State, India. The area is a larger mosaic of fragmented landscape patches and varied ecosystems such as coastal backwaters, rivers, vast stretches of paddy ﬁelds, marshes, ponds, garden lands, edges, corridors, and remarkably networked waterways.
- The Kuttanad Below Sea-level Farming System (KBSFS) is unique, as it is the only system in India that practices rice cultivation below sea level.
- The major land use structure of KBSFS is ﬂat stretches of rice ﬁelds in about 50,000 ha of mostly reclaimed delta swamps.
- The Kuttanad system is a complex mosaic of fragmented agricultural landscapes divided in three structures: wetlands used for paddy activities and fish catching, garden lands used for coconut, tubers and food crops plantation and water areas used as inland fishing and shells.
- The rice fields, which are popularly known as “Puncha Vayals” exist in three landscape elements: Karapadam (upland rice ﬁelds), Kayal (wetland rice ﬁelds), and Kari (land buried with black coal-like materials).
- Farmers of Kuttanad have developed and mastered the spectacular technique of below sea level cultivation over 150 years ago by making this system unique as it contributes remarkably well to the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services including several livelihood services for local communities.
Click here to know more about Kuttanad Below Sea Level Farming System on the FAO website.
In Today’s Newspaper, Kuttanad place is mentioned for some other reason not relevant to the exam. Hence, Argutes wanted to give you more insights on Kuttanad and related articles relevant to the exams. Also, Agriculture related news is very important for the exams.
Prelims GS – Agriculture
(Note: GIAHS was asked in 2016 UPSC Prelims)
- GIAHS refers to Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems.
- GIAHS was started by the Food and Agriculture Organisation(FAO) to create awareness and safeguard Agriculturally Important Heritage sites.
- The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) represent not only stunning natural landscapes but also agricultural practices that create livelihoods in rural areas while combining biodiversity, resilient ecosystems, and tradition and innovation in a unique way.
- The overall goal of the GIAHS Programme is to identify and safeguard Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems and their associated landscapes, agricultural biodiversity, knowledge systems, and culture. (Note: UPSC 2016 statement)
- In India, there are three designated sites for GIAHS. They are:
- Koraput Traditional Agriculture, Odisha
- Kuttanad Below Sea Level Farming System, Kerala
- Saffron Heritage, Pampore Karewas, Kashmir.
Click here to know more about GIAHS on the FAO website.
3. Inner Line Permit
Hon’ble Home Minister has said that the Inner Line Permit(ILP) is the biggest gift by Hon’ble PM to Manipur.
Prelims GS – Governance/Polity
- An Inner Line Permit is an official travel document that allows an Indian citizen to visit or stay in a state that is protected under the ILP system.
- The system is currently in force in three Northeastern states — Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Mizoram — and an Indian citizen cannot visit any of these states unless he or she belongs to that state, and he or she cannot stay beyond the period specified in the ILP.
- In 2019, ILP has been extended to Manipur in the Northeast also.
- This concept of ILP was derived from the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation Act, 1873.
- An ILP is issued by the state government concerned.
Click here for Daily current affairs for the UPSC exams on other dates.