In Today’s News:
- GST cess falls 42% short.
- Conservationists are happy with the increase in the number of tigers in A.P.
- Himalayan Plant species are depleting.
1. GST cess falls 42% short
A 42% shortfall in GST Compensation cess for last fiscal will be paid to States using previous years’ balance of cess plus a transfer from the Consolidated Fund of India. The possibility of market borrowing for meeting future shortfalls will be discussed in the meet of the GST council.
Prelims GS – Economic Development
GST and GST Council:
Refer to the prelims content of GST and GST Council on 13th June 2020.
Mains GS3 – Economic Development
GST Council’s role in this GST Regime:
2. Conservationists are happy with the increase in the number of tigers in AP
Tiger is at the top of the food pyramid and is vital for maintaining the ecosystem. Out of the 3,980 tigers left in the world, India accounts for 75% with 2226 tigers. Massive conservation efforts by the Forest Department and many global NGOs have started showing fruitful results with a tangible amount of increase in the number of tigers. In the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve (NSTR), Principal Chief Conservator of Forests and Head of Forest Force, N. Prateep Kumar, told that the department had conclusive proof of the presence of 60 big cats in the NSTR, an increase of about 12 (adults) over the last one year. This increase is attributed to the persistent efforts of the department through the local community, intense patrolling, and conservation methods.
Prelims GS – Environment
Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve:
- It is the largest tiger reserve in India in terms of area.
- It is recognized by the Project Tiger in 1983.
- It is spreaded over 5 districts of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
- River Krishna passes through Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve.
- It is situated in the deciduous Nallamala Hills.
Click here for more information on Nagarjunasagr Srisailam Tiger Reserve.
3. Himalayan Plant Species are depleting
Flowering plant species, found at very high altitudes of Himalayas are facing the “climb higher or die” situation due to climate change. It is slowly depleting at lower altitudes and rocky moraines. A Botanical Survey of India study named “Periglacial Flora of Western Himalayas Diversity And Climate Change Vulnerability” shows that fragile per-glacial ecosystems have seen a depletion in several species.
Prelims GS – Environment
Some important Himalayan Species mentioned in the study released by BSI:(Important for UPSC Prelims)
- Scientific name: Meconopis acculette
- It is considered the Queen of Himalayan Flowers.
- Place: From Kumaon to Kashmir at elevations of 3,000 to 5,000 meters.
Other important species facing habitat loss and population depletion:
- Endangered Himkamal,
- Saussurea Obvallata and
- Saussurea gnaphaloides
- Solms-laubachia himalayensis,
- Corydalis violacea
- Corydalis meifolia,
- Waldhemia vestita(Wolly Ground Daisy)
Dominant species mentioned in BSI:
- Himalayan sorrel (Rumex nepalensis) has become very dominant and invasive in almost every Himalayan valley of the Western Himalayas.
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