Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 28 July 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. Exercise INDRA 21
  2. 40th World Heritage Site in India – Dholavira.
  3. Swadesh Darshan scheme
  4. Measures adopted to reduce pollution during coal transportation and prevent illegal mining.

1. Exercise INDRA- 21

News Summary

12th Edition of Indo-Russia joint military Exercise INDRA 2021 will be held at Volgograd, Russia from 01 to 13 August 2021.

Prelims GS – Current Affairs

  • INDRA-21 is a joint military exercise between India and Russia.
  • The exercise will entail the conduct of counter-terror operations under the United Nations mandate by a joint force against international terror groups.
  • Exercise INDRA-21 will further strengthen security cooperation, mutual confidence, and interoperability between the Indian & Russian Armies and enable sharing of best practices between the contingents of both countries.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

2. 40th World Heritage Site in India – Dholavira

News Summary

Dholavira, the Harappan City in the Rann of Kutch, Gujarat has been inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. This marks India’s 40th site in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Prelims GS – Art&Culture

  • Dholavira is a Harappan city.
  • It is one of the very few well preserved urban settlements in South Asia dating from the 3rd to mid-2nd millennium BCE.
  • Dholavira is an outstanding example of Harappan urban planning, with its preconceived city planning, multi-layered fortifications, sophisticated water reservoirs and drainage system, and the extensive use of stone as a building material.
  • Dholavira is an exceptional example of a proto-historic Bronze Age urban settlement pertaining to the Harappan Civilization.
  • The expansive water management system designed to store every drop of water available shows the ingenuity of the people to survive against the rapid geo-climatic transformations.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release to know more about Dholavira.

3. Swadesh Darshan Scheme

News Summary

Ramayana Circuit is one of the identified thematic circuits of the ‘Swadesh Darshan’ scheme of the Ministry of Tourism under which 2 projects have been sanctioned. The Ministry has also sanctioned projects under Buddhist, Tirthankar, Krishna, and Spiritual Circuits. This information was given by Minister of Tourism Shri G. Kishan Reddy in a written reply in Rajya Sabha.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Prelims GS – Governance

Swadesh Darshan scheme:
  • Ministry of Tourism (MoT) launched the Swadesh Darshan Scheme.
  • Swadesh Darshan scheme is a Central Sector Scheme.
  • It is for the integrated development of theme-based tourist circuits in the country in 2014-15.
  • This scheme is envisioned to synergize with other Government of India schemes like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Skill India, Make in India, etc. with the idea of positioning the tourism sector as a major engine for job creation, driving force for economic growth, building synergy with various sectors to enable tourism to realize its potential.

Click here to view the official website of the Swadesh Darshan scheme

4. Measures adopted to reduce pollution during coal transportation and prevent illegal mining

News Summary

Information  about measures adopted to reduce air pollution during coal transportation and prevention of illegal mining was given by Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, Coal and Mines Shri Pralhad Joshi in Rajya Sabha

Prelims GS – Governance

Khan Prahari app:
  • The Government of India has launched one mobile app namely “Khanan Prahari” and one web app Coal Mine Surveillance and Management System (CMSMS) for reporting unauthorized coal mining activities so that monitoring and taking suitable action on it can be done by Law & Order authority.
  • Ministry of Coal has taken a major initiative by developing a Web GIS application called ‘Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System (CMSMS).
  • Khan Prahari is a tool for reporting any activity taking place related to illegal coal mining like rat-hole mining, pilferage, etc.
  • One can upload geo-tagged photographs of the incident along with textual information directly to the system.
  • Hence, both satellite data and human information will be used to capture information on unauthorized mining activities.
  • Once reported, the information will be automatically directed to the nodal officers to take suitable action on those activities.
  • The complainant can also track his complaint through the system.
  • The identity of the complainant shall not be revealed.
  • This app can easily be downloaded on Android and IOS.

Click here to view the Courtesy: official PIB release.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance

(Note: The following points have been directly taken from the official PIB release dated 26th July 2021).

Measures adopted to reduce air pollution during coal transportation:
  • Low capacity tippers (10-12 Tonne) are progressively being replaced by large tippers (35 tonnes) to reduce the number of trips resulting in a reduction in air pollution levels.
  • Roads are black-topped, coal-carrying trucks are optimally loaded and covered with tarpaulin.
  • Mobile water sprinklers are deployed along the haul roads;
  • Projects have started implementing effective methods for dust control on roads by deploying Road sweeping machines. Wheel washing is also being progressively implemented in mines.
  • Quantum of coal transported by conveyors as part of First Mile Connectivity (FMC) projects to siding is being continuously increased to minimize generation of dust due to road transportation.
  • Tree plantation:
    • Plantation on inactive OB Dumps is done to minimize soil erosion;
    • Tree Plantation is done around the source of air pollution like mines, infrastructure, and roads to reduce air pollution;
    • The green belt has been provided around the mine as well as a residential colony for noise attenuation.
Steps taken by Coal India Limited to check Illegal mining of coal:
  • Concrete walls have been erected on the mouth of the abandoned mines to prevent access and illegal activities in these areas.
  • Surprise raids/checks are being conducted jointly by security personnel and law and order authorities of the concerned State Government.
  • Dumping of the overburden is being done on the outcrop zones.
  • Installation of check-posts at vulnerable points.
  • Training of existing security/CISF personnel, refresher training, and basic training of new recruits in security discipline for strengthening the security setup;
  • Maintaining close liaison with the State authorities.
  • A committee/task force has been constituted at different levels (block level, sub-divisional level, district level, state level) in some subsidiaries of CIL to monitor different aspects of illegal mining.

Click here to view the Courtesy: official PIB release.





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