In Today’s News:
- Locusts swarm parts of the capital.
- TB during COVID-19.
- The Indian Ocean’s ancient climate pattern may return.
- 1921 Malabar rebellion.
1. Locusts swarm parts of the capital.
Locusts menace is a very big issue that is threatening the agriculture of the country in the north and the northwest parts of the country. Swarms of locusts hit the Millenium city on Saturday around noon. The State Agriculture Department has asked the residents of Delhi to shut the doors and windows. They said that these locusts have come from Rajasthan. The Union Government deployed control teams to control the locusts’ origination in Rajasthan. Now, these control teams have moved to Haryana, Uttar Pradesh to track the movement of locusts and control them.
Prelims GS – Environment
Harmful effects of Locusts:
Refer Prelims content of Locust on 2nd June 2020.
Mains GS3 – Environment
Locust Control Measures:
Refer Mains content of Locust Control Measures on 2nd June 2020.
2. TB during COVID-19
India has the highest burden of TB cases in the world. From March 2020, as India is tackling the COVID-19 pandemic, the number of TB cases reported has been reduced. This is a matter of concern as unreported TB cases will result in a higher transmission of TB. When the lockdown ends in the country, the country must be ready to tackle both TB and COVID-19 cases. Even the Government is pushing to end TB by 2025. Public TB services must be resumed to find the missed TB patients and reduce the transmission of TB in India.
Prelims GS – Science and Technology
- Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by an infectious bacteria Mycobacterium Tuberculosis.
- (Note: UPSC tests whether TB is caused by a bacteria or virus)
- TB is spread from person to person through the air.
- It affects the lungs.
- It is both curable and preventable.
Mains GS3 – Science and Technology
TB and treatment:
- Symptoms: Cough with sputum and blood, fever, night sweat, and weight loss.
- Testing of TB is done through rapid Xpert MTB/RIF.
- Recently Truenat technology helps in the rapid Testing of TB and also tests the resistance to the drug rifampicin.
- Nowadays Multidrug-Resistant TB (MDR-TB) bacteria are developing which is a complex issue as regular TB drugs cannot be used for treatment in such cases.
Drugs used for the treatment of TB:
Recently many countries have approved BPaL (bedaquiline, pretomanid, and linezolid) to treat MDR-TB.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of India has developed the National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (2017-2025) with the goal of ending TB by 2025 which is 5 years before the WHO’s plan of End TB strategy by 2030.
Click here to know more about TB.
3. The Indian Ocean’s ancient climate pattern may return
If the current trend of global warming continues, there will be a possibility of El-Nino like phenomenon in the Indian Ocean as early as 2050. El-Nino is a phenomenon in the Pacific Ocean today. But if the El-Nino happens in the Indian Ocean, there will be devastating floods and droughts in and around the countries of the Indian Ocean in the future. Sea levels were much lower around 19000-21000 years ago and this was called as Last Glacial Maximum which was the peak of the ice age. Researchers analyzed that ongoing climate change may reawaken the ancient climate patterns in the Indian Ocean.
Prelims GS – Geography
- El-Nino is a climate pattern that describes the unusual warming of waters in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean.
- It is a warm phase of the El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO).
- Strong El Ninos result in above-average precipitation in the southern United States from California to the Atlantic coast.
- El-Nino in the Pacific Ocean will usually dry up the weather in India and will create droughts in India.
4. 1921 Malabar rebellion
Recently there is a controversy in Kerala over a new film project depicting the story of Haji the leader of the Malabar rebellion.
Prelims GS – History
Malabar rebellion: (1921)
- The Malabar rebellion led by Haji broke out in the Southern taluks of Malabar in August 1921.
- The people of Kerala usually call it as Moplah or Mappilah Rebellion.
- Moplahs or Mappilahs were agrarian peasants who rose against the British.
- But later it turned out to be a communal riot against the Hindu landlords.
- Incidents of murder, looting, and forced conversion led many to discredit the Moplah uprising.
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