Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 28 May 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. National Digital Health Mission – review meeting held.
  2. Char Dham project.
  3. BRICS Ministerial meeting.

1. National Digital Health Mission – review meeting held

News Summary

Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired a high-level meeting to review the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM).

Prelims GS – Governance/e-Governance

  • The National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) aims to develop the backbone necessary to support the integrated digital health infrastructure of the country.
  • It will bridge the existing gap amongst different stakeholders of the Healthcare ecosystem through digital highways.
  • NDHM aims to create a seamless online platform “through the provision of a wide range of data, information and infrastructure services, duly leveraging open, interoperable, standards-based digital systems” while ensuring the security, confidentiality, and privacy of health-related personal information

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance

Objectives of NDHM:

To strengthen the accessibility and equity of health services, including a continuum of care with citizen as the owner of data, in a holistic healthcare program approach leveraging IT & associated technologies and support the existing health systems in a ‘citizen-centric approach, the NDHM envisages the following specific objectives:

  • To establish state-of-the-art digital health systems, to manage the core digital health data, and the infrastructure required for its seamless exchange;
  • To establish registries at an appropriate level to create a single source of truth in respect of clinical establishments, healthcare professionals, health workers, drugs, and pharmacies;
  • To enforce the adoption of open standards by all national digital health stakeholders;
  • To create a system of personal health records, based on international standards, easily accessible to individuals and healthcare professionals and services providers, based on individual’s informed consent;
  • To promote the development of enterprise-class health application systems with a special focus on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals for health;
  • To adopt the best principles of cooperative federalism while working with the States and Union Territories for the realization of the vision;
  • To ensure that the healthcare institutions and professionals in the private sector participate actively with public health authorities in the building of the NDHM, through a combination of prescription and promotion;
  • To ensure national portability in the provision of health services;
  • To promote the use of clinical decision support (CDS) systems by health professionals and practitioners;
  • To promote better management of the health sector leveraging health data analytics and medical research;
  • To provide for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of governance at all levels;
  • To support effective steps being taken for ensuring the quality of healthcare; and
  • To strengthen existing health information systems, by ensuring their conformity with the defined standards and integration with the proposed NDHM.

Click here to view the Courtesy:  official website of NDHM.

2. Char Dham Project

News Summary

Hon’ble Minister Shri. Piyush Goyal reviewed the last mile connectivity plans for Char Dham projects.

Prelims GS – Governance

Char Dham Project:
  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has taken up a separate program known as Chardham Pariyojana for connectivity Improvement for Char-Dham (Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunotri & Gangothri) in Uttarakhand.
  • The all-weather Chardham Road has in all 53 projects of 826 km length, involving an investment of Rs 12000 crore.
  • The works under Char Dham Pariyojna are being implemented on the Engineering Procurement and Construction (EPC) mode of contract.
  • These projects are being implemented by 3 executing agencies of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, viz, Uttarakhand State PWD, Border Road Organization (BRO), and National Highway & Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL).

Click here to view the official website to know more about the Char Dham project.

3. BRICS Ministerial meeting

News Summary

Experts deliberated on emerging issues in the various fields of Biotechnology and Biomedicine at the fourth BRICS Working Group meeting.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Prelims GS – International Relations

  • BRICS refers to Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.
  • It was the Russian side that initiated the creation of BRICS.
  • On 20 September 2006, the first BRICS Ministerial Meeting was held at the proposal of Russian President Vladimir Putin on the margins of a UN General Assembly Session in New York. Foreign ministers of Russia, Brazil, and China and the Indian Defence Minister took part in the meeting. They expressed their interest in expanding multilateral cooperation.
  • On 16 May 2008, Yekaterinburg hosted a Meeting of BRICS Foreign Ministers on the initiative of Russia. After the meeting, a Joint Communique was issued, reflecting common stances on topical global development issues.
  • On the Russian initiative on 16 June 2009, Yekaterinburg hosted the first BRIC Summit.
  • At the Fortaleza Summit (2014), in Brazil, important institutions were created: the New Development Bank (NDB) and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA). (Note: UPSC Prelims Question 2015)
  • BRICS represents about 42% of the population, 27% of GDP, 30% of the territory, and 18% of the global trade.
  • The 13th BRICS Summit is going to be held under India’s Chairship in 2021.
  • It will be the third time that India will be hosting the BRICS Summit after 2012 and 2016.

Click here to know more about BRICS




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