Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 29 July 2021

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 29 July 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2021 passed.
  2. KVIC and BSF launched Project BOLD in Jaisalmer.
  3. Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
  4. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana.

1 . The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2021 passed.

News Summary

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2021, which seeks to amend the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015, was passed in the Rajya Sabha on 28.7.2021. The bill was introduced in the Parliament by the Government in the Budget session this year. It was passed in Lok Sabha on 24.03.2021.

Prelims GS – Governance

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2021:
  • The amendments include authorizing District Magistrate including Additional District Magistrate to issue adoption orders under Section 61 of the JJ Act, in order to ensure speedy disposal of cases and enhance accountability.
  • The District Magistrates have been further empowered under the Act, to ensure its smooth implementation, as well as garner synergized efforts in favor of children in distress conditions.
  • As per the amended provisions of the Act, any Child Care Institutions shall be registered after considering the recommendations of the District Magistrate.
  • The DM shall independently evaluate the functioning of District Child Protection Units, Child Welfare Committees, Juvenile Justice Boards, Specialized Juvenile Police Units, Child care Institutions, etc.
  • The eligibility parameters for the appointment of CWC members have been redefined.  Criteria for disqualification of the CWC members have also been introduced to ensure that only the persons capable of rendering quality service with requisite competence and integrity are appointed to CWC.
  • It has been decided that offenses where the maximum sentence is more than 7 years imprisonment but no minimum sentence has been prescribed or a minimum sentence of fewer than 7 years is provided, shall be treated as serious offenses within this Act.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.

2. KVIC and BSF launched Project BOLD in Jaisalmer.

News Summary

KVIC & BSF launched Project BOLD in Jaisalmer to Prevent Desertification. Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) on Tuesday planted 1000 bamboo saplings at Tanot village in Jaisalmer, in collaboration with the Border Security Force (BSF). It is the first of its kind effort to develop green cover in the Indian deserts of Rajasthan.

Click here to know more about Project BOLD on the official PIB Press release.

Prelims GS – Governance

Project BOLD:
  • BOLD refers to Bamboo Oasis on Lands in Drought.
  • It is the first of its kind exercise in India which was launched from the tribal village NichlaMandwa in Udaipur, Rajasthan.
  • Project BOLD seeks to create bamboo-based green patches in arid and semi-arid land zones.
  • It is aligned with Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s call for reducing land degradation and preventing desertification in the country.
  • Bamboo plantation, as part of KVIC’s Project BOLD (Bamboo Oasis on Lands in Drought), aims at serving the combined national goals of reducing desertification and providing livelihood and multi-disciplinary rural industry support to the local population.
  • The initiative has been launched as part of KVIC’s “Khadi Bamboo Festival” to celebrate 75 years of independence “Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav”.
Significance of Project BOLD:
  • The bamboo plantation program in Udaipur will boost self-employment in the region.
  • Such projects will benefit a large number of women and unemployed youths in the region by connecting them to skill development programs.
Bamboos:
  • Bamboos grow very fast and in about three years’ time, they could be harvested.
  • Bamboos are also known for conserving water and reducing evaporation of water from the land surface, which is an important feature in arid and drought-prone regions.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

3. Shanghai Cooperation Organization

News summary

Addressing the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Defence Ministers’ meeting in Dushanbe, Tajikistan on July 28, 2021, Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh said, Terrorism is the most serious threat to international peace and security.

Click here to view the official PIB press release.

Prelims GS – International Organizations

SCO:
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organization.
  • Its creation was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai (China) by the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.
  • It was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism.
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter was signed during the St.Petersburg SCO Heads of State meeting in June 2002 and entered into force on 19 September 2003.
  • This is the fundamental statutory document that outlines the organization’s goals and principles, as well as its structure and core activities.
  • The historical meeting of the Heads of State Council of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation was held on 8-9 June 2017 in Astana. The status of a full member of the Organization was granted to the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in the 2017 meeting.
  • The organization has two permanent bodies —
    • the SCO Secretariat based in Beijing and
    • the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent.
  • The Heads of State Council (HSC) is the supreme decision-making body in the SCO. It meets once a year and adopts decisions and guidelines on all important matters of the organization.
  • The SCO’s official languages are Russian and Chinese.
Current Members of SCO:(Eight Members)
  • The Republic of India,
  • The Republic of Kazakhstan,
  • The People’s Republic of China,
  • The Kyrgyz Republic,
  • The Islamic Republic of Pakistan,
  • The Russian Federation,
  • The Republic of Tajikistan, and
  • The Republic of Uzbekistan
Four observer states in SCO:
  • The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan,
  • The Republic of Belarus,
  • The Islamic Republic of Iran and
  • The Republic of Mongolia
Six dialogue partners of SCO:
  • The Republic of Azerbaijan,
  • The Republic of Armenia,
  • The Kingdom of Cambodia,
  • The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal,
  • The Republic of Turkey, and
  • The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – International Relations

SCO Organisational Structure and Goals:
SCO Secretariat:
  • The SCO Secretariat, based in Beijing, is the main permanent executive body of the SCO.
  • The SCO Secretariat coordinates the activity of the SCO and provides informational, analytical, legal, organizational, and technical support.
SCO RATS:
  • The Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is the permanent body of the SCO RATS based in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan.
  • The Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure operates in accordance with the SCO Charter, the Shanghai Convention on Combating Terrorism, Separatism, and Extremism, the Agreement among the SCO member states on the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure, as well as documents and decisions adopted in the SCO framework.
The goals of SCO are:
  • Strengthening mutual confidence and good-neighborly relations among the member countries;
  • Promoting effective cooperation in politics, trade and economy, science and technology, culture as well as education, energy, transportation, tourism, environmental protection, and other fields;
  • Making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security, and stability in the region;
  • moving towards the establishment of a new, democratic, just, and rational political and economic international order.
  • Proceeding from the Spirit of Shanghai the SCO pursues its internal policy based on the principles of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equal rights, consultations, respect for the diversity of cultures and aspiration towards common development, its external policy is conducted in accordance with the principles of non-alignment, non-targeting anyone, and openness.

Click here to visit the official website of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

4. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

News Summary

The Government has revised and revamped the Operational Guidelines of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) with effect from Rabi 2018 and Kharif 2020 respectively to ensure the targeted delivery of benefits of the scheme to the farmers. This information was given in a written reply by the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in Lok Sabha.

Prelims GS – Governance

PMFBY:
  • The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) introduced from Kharif 2016 season is voluntary for States since its inception.  Therefore, States are free to take decisions regarding implementing the scheme or not.
  • Further, the scheme has also been made voluntary for farmers w.e.f. Kharif 2020 season.
  • Therefore, the scheme is available for all farmers for crops and areas notified by the concerned State Government.
  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) aims at supporting sustainable production in the agriculture sector by way of –
    • a) providing financial support to farmers suffering crop loss/damage arising out of unforeseen events
    • b) stabilizing the income of farmers to ensure their continuance in farming
    • c) encouraging farmers to adopt innovative and modern agricultural practices
    • d) ensuring flow of credit to the agriculture sector; which will contribute to food security, crop diversification, and enhancing growth and competitiveness of the agriculture sector besides protecting farmers from production risks.
  • There will be a uniform premium of only 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all Rabi crops.
  • In the case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium to be paid by farmers will be only 5%.
  • Risks to be covered under the scheme:
    • Yield Losses
    • Prevented Sowing(on a notified area basis)
    • Post-Harvest Losses
    • Localized calamities
  • To sum up, The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) is available for all States/UTs and farmers whether loanee, non-loanee, sharecropper, or tenant farmers on a voluntary basis.   The concerned State Government notifies the crops and areas under the Scheme. Therefore, benefits of the scheme are available to all those farmers who are growing notified crops in areas/insurance units notified by the concerned State Government.

Click here to know more about PMFBY on the official website and click here to view the official PIB release.

 

 

 

 

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