Argutes

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 29 September 2021

  1. The mission that has the potential of bringing a revolutionary change in India’s health facilities
  2. Under this, every citizen will now get a digital health ID and health records digitally protected
  3. The Arogya Setu app prevented the spread of corona infection
  4. Co-WIN helped in making India achieve a record administration of about 90 crore vaccine doses, under the free vaccine campaign.
  5. The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission would now connect the digital health solutions of hospitals across the country with each other.

2. Swachh Survekshan 2022

  1. The seventh edition of the annual cleanliness survey under which district rankings have been introduced for the first time.
  2. This year’s survey will create a level playing field for smaller cities by introducing two population categories — under 15,000 and between 15,000-25,000.
  3. The scope of the survey has been expanded to now cover 100 percent wards for sampling as compared to 40 percent in previous years
  4. SBM 2.0 and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) 2.0 will be launched by the prime minister on October 1.
  5. Swachh Survekshan 2022 will see more than twice the number of assessors deployed last year for on-field assessment.
  6. The upcoming edition of Survekshan shall usher in improved technological interventions such as digital tracking of documents, geo-tagging of sanitation and waste management of facilities for better efficiency, and QR code-based citizens’ feedback for increased people outreach.
  7. The last edition of the survey SS 2021 had been conducted in record time despite the on-ground challenges posed by the pandemic and received feedback from over 5 crore citizens.

3. Bijoya Sanskritik Mahotsav

  1. 16 December 2021 will mark 50 years of the liberation of Bangladesh and India’s victory over Pakistan in the 1971 Indo-Pak War.
  2. To commemorate this landmark event in India’s history, Swarnim Vijay Varsh celebrations are being organized throughout the Country.
  3. A cultural event titled “Bijoya Sanskritik Mahotsav” aimed at showcasing the cultural linkages between India and Bangladesh during the war is being organized by the Eastern Command of the Indian Army at Kolkata

4. Meghalaya Enterprise Architecture Project (MeghEA)

  1. The project aims to improve governance and service delivery at the grassroots level
  2. The MeghEA initiative is spread across 6 pillars i.e.  Governance, Human Resources, Entrepreneurship, Primary Sector, Infrastructure, and Environment
  3. It envisions to make Meghalaya a high-income state by 2030.
  4. The project aims to improve service delivery and governance for the people using the power of digital technologies.
  5. The initiative is in line with Digital India that focuses on transforming the lives of common people. He further said that the telecom reforms
  6. Meghalaya was selected as the pilot first pilot State for the preparation of Meghalaya Enterprise Architecture (MeghEA) and design and implementation of MeghEA integrated Finance Solution Architecture.

5. Non-GM herbicide-tolerant rice

  1. The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) has developed the country’s first-ever non-GM (genetically modified) herbicide-tolerant rice varieties
  2. It can be directly seeded and significantly save water and labour compared to conventional transplanting.
  3. The varieties — Pusa Basmati 1979 and Pusa Basmati 1985 — contain a mutated acetolactate synthase (ALS) gene
  4. It makes it possible for farmers to spray Imazethapyr, a broad-spectrum herbicide, to control weeds.
  5. This dispenses with the need to prepare nurseries where paddy seeds are first raised into young plants, before being uprooted and replanted 25-35 days later in the main field.

Mechanism

  1. The field where the seedlings are transplanted has to be “puddled” or tilled in standing water.
  2. For the first three weeks or so after transplanting, the plants are irrigated almost daily to maintain a water depth of 4-5 cm.
  3. Farmers continue giving water every two-three days even for the next four-five weeks when the crop is in tillering (stem development) stage.
  4. Water is a natural herbicide that takes care of weeds in the paddy crop’s early growth period.
  5. The new varieties simply replace water with Imazethapyr and there’s no need for the nursery, puddling, transplanting, and flooding of fields.

Imazethapyr

  1. Imazethapyr, effective against a range of broadleaf, grassy, and sedge weeds, can’t be used on normal paddy, as the chemical does not distinguish between the crop and the invasive plants.
  2. The ALS gene in rice codes for an enzyme (protein) that synthesizes amino acids for crop growth and development.
  3. The herbicide sprayed on normal rice plants binds itself to the ALS enzymes, inhibiting their production of amino acids.
  4. The new basmati varieties contain an ALS gene whose DNA sequence has been altered using ethyl methanesulfonate, a chemical mutant.
  5. As a result, the ALS enzymes no longer have binding sites for Imazethapyr and amino acid synthesis isn’t inhibited.
  6. The plants can also now “tolerate” application of the herbicide, and hence it kills only the weeds

6. Seed Capital Module

  1. The Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Government of India, in association with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, under the Pradhan Mantri Formalisation of Micro food processing Enterprises (PMFME) Scheme, launched the Seed Capital Module on Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) MIS Portal for seed capital assistance to members of urban Self Help Groups working in the food processing sector in India.
  2. It is launched under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan
  3. The PMFME Scheme aims to enhance the competitiveness and promote the formalization of the unorganized micro—food processing enterprises in India.
  4. The seed capital portal can be accessed at https://nulm.gov.in/Auth/Login.aspx for Self Help Groups to avail the seed capital assistance of Rs.40,000 per SHG member under the PMFME Scheme.

The scheme aims to empower the self-help groups by:

  1. Seed capital support of Rs.40,000 per SHG member;
  2. Credit linked subsidy for capital investment up to 35% with a ceiling of Rs. 10 lakh;
  3. Credit linked grant support up to 35% for establishing common infrastructure;
  4. Handholding support for DPR preparation and;
  5. Capacity building and training support.

7. PM Modi Will Bring Back from US.

  1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will bring home 157 artefacts and antiquities, which were handed over to India by the US during his visit.
  2. It’s a New Record
  3. During the US visit, PM Modi and President Joe Biden expressed commitment to strengthening efforts to combat theft, illicit trade and trafficking of cultural objects.
  4. The list of 157 artefacts includes a diverse set of items ranging from the one-and-a-half meter bas relief panel of Revanta in sandstone of the 10th CE to the 8.5 cm tall, exquisite bronze Nataraja from the 12th CE.