Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 30 August 2020

In Today’s News:

  1. Anti-dumping duty.
  2. African baobab.
  3. Govt. asks to identify PwDs for Ration Cards- NFSA.

1. Anti-dumping duty.

News Summary

It is a piece of news not relevant for UPSC.

Prelims GS – Economic Development

Anti-dumping duty:
  • Dumping is said to occur when the goods are exported by a country to another country at a price lower than its normal value.
  • This is an unfair trade practice that can have a distortive effect on international trade.
  • Anti-dumping is a measure to rectify the situation arising out of the dumping of goods and its trade distortive effect.
  • An anti-dumping duty is a protectionist tariff that a domestic government imposes on foreign imports that it believes are priced below fair market value.
  • Thus, the purpose of anti-dumping duty is to rectify the trade distortive effect of dumping and re-establish fair trade.
  • The use of anti-dumping measures as an instrument of fair competition is permitted by the WTO.
  • Anti-dumping is an instrument for ensuring fair trade and is not a measure of protection per se for the domestic industry. It provides relief to the domestic industry against the injury caused by dumping.
  • Anti-dumping is a trade remedial measure to counteract the trade distortion caused by dumping and the consequential injury to the domestic industry. It can be seen as a protective measure and can never be regarded as a protectionist measure.
  • In the long run, anti-dumping duty will lead to a higher price for domestic consumers as well as it can reduce the international competition of domestic companies producing similar goods.

2. African Baobab

News Summary

A recent study has found that this African Baobab has 168 chromosomes.

Prelims GS – EnvironmentEnvironment - African Baobab tree - Current affairs

Africana Baobab:
  • African Baobab is known as the Tree of Life.
  • The African Baobab is a keystone tree species of African sub-Saharan regions
  • It can live for a thousand years.
  • It yields fodder, medicinal compounds, and many such products.
  • Adansonia digitata is the most common species of African Baobab and is found in 31 African countries.
  • They are recognizable by their distinctive swollen stems.
  • They occur naturally in the dry areas of Madagascar, Africa, and Australia.
  • They store massive amounts of water in their stems to cope with seasonal droughts.

Click here to know more about African baobab.

3. Govt. asks to identify PwDs for Ration Cards.

News Summary

The States and Union Territories have been asked by the Centre to identify persons with disabilities (PwD) eligible under the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013, and they have been asked to issue ration cards to those left out. The letter said that the Atmanirbhar Bharat package of the Government of India is for persons who are not covered under either NFSA or any State Scheme PDS cards. Hence, disabled persons without ration cards are also eligible.

Prelims GS – Governance

National Food Security Act 2013:(Salient Features)
  • Public Distribution System (PDS) is now governed by provisions of the National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA).
  • The National Food Security Act, 2013 was notified in 2013 with the objective to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity.
  • The Act provides coverage for nearly 2/3rd of the country’s total population, basis Census 2011 population estimates.
  • 75% of Rural and 50% of the Urban population is entitled to receive highly subsidized foodgrains under two categories of beneficiaries – Antodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households and Priority Households (PHH).
  • The Act entitles 35 kg of foodgrains per AAY Household per month, whereas 5 Kg of foodgrain per PHH Person per month.
  • Identification of beneficiaries/households under NFSA is done by the respective State/UT Government, which is required to frame its own criteria.
  • The eldest woman of the beneficiary household (18 years or above) is considered as ‘Head of Family‘ for the purpose of issuing ration cards.

Click here to view more about NFSA.


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