In Today’s News:
- New National Education Policy 2020 launched.
1. New National Education Policy 2020 launched
Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the New National Education Policy 2020, paving way for transformational reforms in the school and the higher education sector in the country. The NEP 2020 aims at making “India a global knowledge superpower”. This is the first new Education Policy after 34 years. ISRO Chief Mr. K.Kasturirangan submitted the draft of the new NEP last year.
(Note: Highly important article for this century. A revolution in Education System)
Mains GS2 – Education/Governance
Highlights/Key Features of New National Education Policy 2020:
- Public spending on education by States, Centre to be raised to 6% of GDP.
- Ministry of Human Resource Development will be renamed as the Ministry of Education.
- Universalization of early childhood education from ages 3 to 6 by 2030
- A new school curriculum with coding and vocational studies from Class 6.
- A child’s mother tongue will be used as the medium of instruction till Class 5.
- Internship opportunities to learn vocational subjects to students throughout Grades 6-12, including holiday periods.
- Aims to establish a common higher education regulator with fee fixation for both private and public institutions
- Introduction of Four-year undergraduate degrees with multiple entry and exit options
- Abolishes M.Phil Degree.
- College affiliation system to be phased out in 15 years. (by 2035)
- A National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy will ensure basic skills at the Class 3 level by 2025.
- A separate dedicated unit for digital and online learning.
- Undergraduate education is to become more holistic and multi-disciplinary.
- The minimum degree qualification for a teacher will be 4-year Integrated B.Ed. Program.
- National Educational Technology Forum, an autonomous body, will be created for the exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, and administration.
- Class 10 and Class 12 board exams to test students based on core competencies rather than memorized facts with all students allowed to take the exam twice.
- Emphasizes the integration of Technology at all levels of learning.
- Meritorious students belonging to SC, ST, OBC, and other socially and economically disadvantaged groups will be given incentives.
Significance of NEP 2020:
- The policy stresses on Universal access to schools.
- NEP has a new section on digital education to ensure “equitable use of technology”.
- NEP focuses on leaving no child behind and tries to bridge the digital divide.
- A dedicated special unit to coordinate digital infrastructure, content, and capacity building will be created within the Ministry of Education. This will look after the online learning needs of both school and higher education.
- Teachers will also be given training to online educational methods which will help bridge the digital divide.
- Inclusion is a theme of the Policy beyond technology.
- NEP also aims to double the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education.
- Special Educational zones will be designated as regions such as aspirational districts, which have large numbers of students facing economic, social, or caste barriers.
- The Centre will also set up a ‘Gender-Inclusion Fund’ to build the country’s capacity to provide equitable quality education to all girls and transgender students.
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