Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 31 July 2021

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Exam – 31 July 2021

In Today’s News:

  1. MIDH.
  2. NISAR.
  3. ACROSS scheme.

1. MIDH

News Summary

Information about schemes strengthening Agricultural Market Infrastructure like MIDH was given in a written reply by the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in Rajya Sabha.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Prelims GS – Governance

MIDH:
  • The Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is a centrally sponsored scheme.
  • The Ministry is implementing MIDH with effect from 2014-15, for realizing the potential of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, and cocoa.
  • Under MIDH, the Government of India (GOI) contributes 60%, of the total outlay for developmental programs in all the states except states in North East and Himalayas, 40% share is contributed by State Governments. In the case of the North-Eastern States and the Himalayan States, GOI contributes 90%.
  • In the case of the National Horticulture Board (NHB), Coconut Development Board (CDB), Central Institute for Horticulture (CIH), Nagaland, and the National Level Agencies (NLA), GOI contributes 100%.
  • MIDH also provides technical advice and administrative support to State Governments/ State Horticulture Missions (SHMs) for the Saffron Mission and other horticulture-related activities Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)/NMSA.

Click here to view the official website of MIDH.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance

Significance of MIDH:
  • MIDH has played a significant role in increasing the area under horticulture crops.
  • Area and production during the years 2014 – 15 to 2019 – 20 has increased by 9% and 14% respectively.
  • Moreover, the mission has boosted best practices to be followed in farms which have significantly improved the quality of produce and productivity of farmland.
  • The initiative of MIDH has not only resulted in India’s self-sufficiency in the horticulture sector but also contributed towards achieving sustainable development goals of zero hunger, good health, and wellbeing, no poverty, gender equality, etc.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.

2. NISAR

News Summary

India participated in the 3rd Arctic Science Ministerial (ASM3) meeting, jointly organized by Iceland and Japan and virtually hosted by Japan, for discussing research and cooperation in the Arctic. Minister of State (I/C) for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences, Shri Jitendra Singh informed the Lok Sabha,

Click here to view the Courtesy: official PIB release.

Prelims GS – Science & Technology

NISAR:
  • India plans to launch NISER (NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar) satellite, a joint ISRO-NASA mission, with the goal to make global measurements of land surface changes using advanced radar imaging.
  • NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISER) has not been launched yet.
  • NISER is proposed to be launched in early 2023.
  • NISAR is a joint Earth-Observation mission between ISRO and NASA for global observations over all land masses including the Polar cryosphere and the Indian Ocean region.
  • It is a dual-band (L-band and S-band) Radar imaging mission with the capability of full polarimetric and interferometric modes of operation to observe minor changes in land, vegetation, and cryosphere.
  • NASA is developing L-band SAR and associated systems and ISRO is developing S-band SAR, spacecraft bus, the launch vehicle, and associated launch services.
  • The major scientific objectives of the mission are to improve understanding of the impact of climate change on Earth’s changing Ecosystems, land and coastal processes, land deformations, and Cryosphere.

Click here to view the official website to know more about NISAR.

3. ACROSS scheme

News Summary

Forewarning and up-gradation of the forecasting capabilities of cyclones are being implemented in IMD through various sub-schemes under the umbrella scheme “Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS)” of the Ministry of Earth Sciences.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Prelims GS – Governance/Science & Technology

ACROSS:
  • ACROSS scheme refers to “Atmosphere & Climate Research – Modelling Observing Systems & Services”.
  • It is a scheme of the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • The objective of ACROSS is to:
    • Provide weather and climate forecasts for different users like agriculture, aviation, water resources, power, tourism, transport, etc.
    • Provide early warnings and alerts regarding cyclones, severe weather events, heavy rainfall, heatwaves, etc.
    • Development of relevant numerical weather prediction and climate models.
    • Development of Earth System model for climate change scenarios.

Click here to view the official PIB archives.

 

 

 

 

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