Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – Civil Services Examination (IAS exam) – 05-June-2020

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC – Civil Services Examination (IAS exam) – 05-June-2020

In Today’s News:

  1. Centre launches an internship scheme for 25,000 graduates.
  2. India, Australia meet strengthens ties.
  3. A Small drop in joblessness in 2018-2019: PLFS.

1. Centre launches an internship scheme for 25,000 graduates

News Summary

In the current scenario of increasing unemployment, the Government of India has launched a new internship scheme to make the students gain the necessary skills. These skills will shape them to enter the workforce.

Prelims GS – Economic Development

TULIP:
  • The Urban Learning Internship Programme (TULIP)
  • It is a 5-year joint venture between the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs and AICTE
  • TULIP is an online portal
  • City administrations can register available opportunities on the portal
  • The areas of focus in this internship scheme are,
    • Urban planning
    • Waste Management
    • Water supply
    • Slum improvement
    • Digital Governance
    • Eligibility: Citizens of India who have completed their final year of college in the last 18 months
    • Internship duration: Eight weeks to one year

Mini Insights
Mains GS3 – Economic Development

Benefits of TULIP scheme for students:
  • Learning through work experience
  • Market ready skills are acquired for jobs
  • Contribution to Start-ups through these skills
  • Unemployment problem will be solved

2. India, Australia meet strengthens ties:

News Summary

Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Shri. Narendra Modi Ji and Hon’ble PM of Australia Scott Morrison conducted a virtual meeting yesterday. In this meeting, many agreements were signed in different areas of cooperation.

Mini Insights
Mains GS2 – International Relations

India-Australia ties- Significance:
  • India and Australia raised their relationship to a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership (CSP)
  • They concluded 9 agreements
  • Most important of those agreements were the Mutual Logistics Support Agreement (MLSA) and a joint declaration on a “Shared Vision for Maritime Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific.”
  • India has “2+2 format” of bilateral meetings with Australia (“2+2” meetings Foreign and Defence Minister level meeting).
  • Both sides agreed to deepen Defence cooperation
  • Other important agreements included MOU’s on cyber technology, mining, and processing critical and strategic minerals including Australian raw earth metals
  • CSP will increase coordination and cooperation between the two countries and the level of trust between the two countries.

3. A Small drop in joblessness in 2018-2019: PLFS

News Summary

India’s unemployment rate improved from 6.1% in 2017-2018 to 5.8% in 2018-2019 according to a recent Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS). Urban unemployment was still high whereas rural unemployment improved. Women unemployment improved at a greater margin than male unemployment.

(NOTE: Here numbers or % is not important for UPSC Prelims or Mains. Just the overall view is important)

Prelims GS – Economic Development

PLFS:
  • Periodic Labour Force survey
  • Released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
  • Provides estimates of various labour force indicators
  • Key indicators:
    • Labour Force Participation Rate
    • Worker Population Ratio
    • Unemployment Rate, etc.

Mini Insights
Mains GS3 – Economic Development

Inference from PLFS :
  • Notably, India’s unemployment rate improved in 2018-2019. But it is not a significant improvement.
  • In the current day scenario of COVID-19, unemployment is happening in almost all the new generation start-ups.
  • Even in the above scenario, it shows urban unemployment is higher than rural unemployment.
  • This means that in urban areas there are not enough jobs for the graduates.
Solutions:
  • At this juncture, Hon’ble PM Shri. Narendra Modi Ji’s “Atma Nirabhar package” will solve the problem of urban unemployment as there are many benefits which will provide stimulus to MSME’s as one report says that MSME’s provide significant employment in the Urban areas.
  •  Also students especially graduates should be given skill-based training courses. Skills will make the graduates market ready for jobs.
  • And different schemes and stimulus provided in Atma Nirbhar Package will enhance the Make in India motto and ultimately this will generate more jobs in the future.

 

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