Monthly current affairs summary – August 2021

Current affairs play a vital role in UPSC civil service exam preparation. The daily current affairs from the daily news’ are one of these important areas. This section gives you a very brief summary of the important topics to be covered. You may use this section for revising your preparation. Nevertheless, we recommend you visit our daily current affairs section that gives a comprehensive analysis of the topics needed to be studied for the UPSC civil service exam.

Current affairs summary – 31 August 2021

1. Nationally Determined Contributions

In News:

India is setting an example in meeting its Nationally Determined Contributions despite its challenges as per an article.

Topics:

NDC:
  • Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) are at the heart of the Paris Agreement and the achievement of the long-term goals.
  • NDCs embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

2. Pashmina Shawl and GI tag

In News:

A new initiative has been planned to restore the lost glory of Pashmina shawls by re-engaging women artisans in the critical production process.

Topics:

Pashmina Shawl:
  • Pashmina belongs to Kashmir.
  • It has received a GI tag in the Handicraft category.
GI tags:
  • GI tags are known as Geographic Indication tags.
  • It is an indication or a sign which specifies that it originates from a definite geographical territory.
  • GI tags are used to identify agricultural, natural, handicrafts, or manufactured goods.

3. Small Finance Banks

In News:

RBI has received applications from two entities seeking to operate as SFB. This is as per RBI’s guidelines for ‘on tap’ licensing of small finance banks in the private sector.

Topics:

SFB:
  • The small finance bank shall be registered as a public limited company under the Companies Act, 2013.
  • It will be licensed under Section 22 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and governed by the provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949; Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934; Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999; Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007; Credit Information Companies (Regulation) Act, 2005; Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation Act, 1961; other relevant Statutes and the Directives, Prudential Regulations and other Guidelines/ Instructions issued by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and other regulators from time to time.

Current affairs summary – 30 August 2021

1. POSHAN ABHIYAAN

In News:

Every year, the month of September is celebrated as POSHAN Maah across the country.

Topics:

Poshan Abhiyaan:
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan is the Government of India’s flagship program to improve nutritional outcomes for children, adolescent girls, pregnant women, and lactating mothers.
  • POSHAN Abhiyaan is a Jan Andolan or “People’s Movement” by incorporating inclusive participation of public representatives of local bodies, government departments of the States/UTs, social organizations, and the public and private sector at large.

2. Fit India Mobile app

In News:

To celebrate the second anniversary of the Fit India Movement and as part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, the Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports, Shri Anurag Singh Thakur launched the Fit India Mobile Application at Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium, New Delhi on National Sports Day on 29th August 2021.

Topics:

Fit India Mobile App:
  • The Fit India App is free and available in English & Hindi
  • The unique feature of the Fit India App is to empower each individual to check his/her fitness score based on a set of age-specific fitness tests and get specific recommendations on how to improve their fitness level through physical activities including yoga protocols.

Current affairs summary – 29 August 2021

1. BCG vaccine

In News:

There is an article related to the BCG vaccine.

Topics:

BCG vaccine:
  • Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a vaccine for tuberculosis (TB) disease.
  • BCG was developed by Albert Calmette and Camille Guerin.

2. Ransomware

In News:

Ransomware Evil, REvil or Sodinokibi, a ransomware-as-a-service (RaaS) operation is one of the latest RaaS operators.

Topics:

Ransomware:
  • Ransomware is malicious software that infects your computer and displays messages demanding a fee to be paid in order for your system to work again.

3. PMJDY

In News:

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana has completed 7 years of its implementation.

Topics:

PMJDY:
  • PMJDY is a National Mission on Financial Inclusion encompassing an integrated approach to bring about comprehensive financial inclusion of all the households in the country.
  • The plan envisages universal access to banking facilities with at least one basic banking account for every household, financial literacy, access to credit, insurance, and pension facility.

Current affairs summary – 28 August 2021

1. Three supermassive blackholes merging together discovered

In News:

Indian researchers have discovered three supermassive black holes from three galaxies merging together to form a triple active galactic nucleus.

Topics:

Supermassive black holes:
  • Supermassive black holes are difficult to detect because they do not emit any light. But they can reveal their presence by interacting with their surroundings.
  • When the dust and gas from the surroundings fall onto a supermassive black hole, some of the mass is swallowed by the black hole, but some of it is converted into energy and emitted as electromagnetic radiation that makes the black hole appear very luminous.

2. 557 new species added to India’s faunal wealth

In News:

A document published by the Zoological Survey of India revealed that India has added 557 new species to its faunal wealth in 2020.

Topics:

Some new interesting species and their locations:
  • Trimeresurus Salazar, a green pit viper  in Arunachal Pradesh
  • Lycodon deccanensis, the Deccan wolf snake in Karnataka

3. Deepor Beel wildlife sanctuary

In News:

The Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change notified the eco-sensitive zone of Deepor Beel Wildlife Sanctuary

Topics:

Deepor Beel Wildlife sanctuary:
  • Deepor Beel Wildlife sanctuary is located about 10 km Southwest of Guwahati, Assam.
  • Deepor Beel is one of the Important Bird Area (IBA) sites by Birdlife International.

Current affairs summary – 27 August 2021

1. Vultures

In News:

Vultures keep our environment free of carcasses and also help in controlling disease outbreaks as per an article.

Topics:

Vultures:
  • Vultures belong to the Accipitridae family.
  • They have excellent eyesight and a strong sense of smell.
  • They can detect the presence of dead animals from long distances.

2. SVEEP

In News:

The Election Commission of India organized a two-day SVEEP (Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation) Consultation Workshop on August 25-26, 2021.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

SVEEP:
  • Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation program, better known as SVEEP, is the flagship program of the Election Commission of India for voter education, spreading voter awareness, and promoting voter literacy in India.

3. e-SHRAM

In News:

Minister for Labour and Employment, Shri Bhupender Yadav formally launched the e-Shram portal and handed it over to the States/UTs.

Topics:

e-SHRAM portal:
  • More than 38 Crore unorganized workers (UW) in the country, will be registered under one portal and the registration under the e-SHRAM portal is totally free and workers do not have to pay anything for his or her registration at Common Service Centres(CSCs) or anywhere.

Current affairs summary – 26 August 2021

1. PRAGATI meeting

In News:

Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi chaired the meeting of the 37th edition of PRAGATI.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

PRAGATI:
  • PRAGATI is an ICT-based multi-modal platform for Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation, involving Centre and State governments.
  • PRAGATI is a unique integrating and interactive platform.

2. SUJALAM campaign

In News:

The Ministry of Jal Shakti began ‘SUJALAM’, a ‘100 days campaign’ as part of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ celebrations from 25th August, 2021.

Topics:

SUJALAM:
  • The Ministry of Jal Shakti began ‘SUJALAM’, a ‘100 days campaign’  to create more and more ODF Plus villages by undertaking wastewater management at the village level particularly through the creation of 1 million Soak-pits and also other Greywater management activities.

3. SAMRIDH

In News:

Start-up Accelerators of MeitY for Product Innovation, Development, and growth (SAMRIDH)” program, which was launched on 25.8.2021 by the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology

Topics:

SAMRIDH program:
  • SAMRIDH program was launched to create a conducive platform for Indian Software Product start-ups to enhance their products and securing investments for scaling their business.
  • The program is being implemented by MeitY Start-up Hub (MSH).
  • The SAMRIDH Program will focus on accelerating the 300 start-ups by providing customer connect, investor, connect, and international immersion in the next three years.

Current affairs summary – 25 August 2021

1. Arctic Council

In News:

There is an article related to Arctic Cooperation and Climate change.

Topics:

Arctic Council:
  • The Arctic Council is the leading intergovernmental forum promoting cooperation, coordination, and interaction among the Arctic States, Arctic Indigenous peoples, and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues, in particular on issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic.
  • It was formally established in 1996.

2. Forum for Decarbonizing Transport

In News:

‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India was launched.

Topics:

Forum for Decarbonizing Transport:
  • NITI Aayog and World Resources Institute(WRI), India, jointly launched the ‘Forum for Decarbonizing Transport’ in India as part of the NDC-Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC-TIA) project on 23 August.

3. GM Soycake – relaxation of import rules

In News:

The government of India has relaxed the rules for the import of crushed and de-oiled GM soya cake (Non-living organism only).

Topics:

GM Soycake – relaxation of rules:
  • The above said relaxation for the import of crushed and de-oiled GM soya cake comes after clarification and prior permission from the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change that “Since soya de-oiled and crushed (DOC) cake does not contain any living modified organism, this Ministry has no concerns and no objection for import of soya cakes from an environmental angle”.

Current affairs summary – 24 August 2021

1. Corbett Tiger Reserve

In News:

The Delhi High Court has asked National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) to consider a petition against the construction of illegal walls and bridges inside Corbett Tiger Reserve.

Topics:

Corbett National Park:
  • Jim Corbett National Park is a part of the larger Corbett Tiger Reserve, a Project Tiger Reserve that lies in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand.
  • It was established in the year 1936 as Hailey National Park.

2. National Monetisation Pipeline

In News:

Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Smt Nirmala Sitharaman, launched the asset monetization pipeline of Central ministries and public sector entities: ‘National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP Volumes 1 & 2)’.

Topics:

National Monetisation Pipeline:
  • Asset monetization pipeline of Central ministries and public sector entities: ‘National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP Volumes 1 & 2)’ was launched.
  • The pipeline has been developed by NITI Aayog, in consultation with infrastructure line ministries, based on the mandate for ‘Asset Monetisation’ under Union Budget 2021-22.

3. Yuktdhara – a GIS-based planning portal

In News:

Union Minister of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj Shri Giriraj Singh launched Yuktdhara GIS-based planning Portal.

Topics:

Yuktdhara:
  • Yuktdhara is a GIS-based planning portal.
  • Yuktdhara GIS planning portal has been developed on the Bhuvan Platform by the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) under the guidance of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA division, MoRD.

Current affairs summary – 23 August 2021

1. DDU GKY

In News:

As part of the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav (AKAM) celebrations, around 1183 ‘ mobilization camps’ were organized across the country under the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) program.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

DDU GKY:
  • The Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) announced the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) Antyodaya Diwas, on 25th September 2014.

2. Gaza Strip

In News:

Gaza strip was attacked by Israel recently.

Topics:

Gaza Strip:
  • Gaza strip is a territory occupying 140 square miles (363 square km) along the Mediterranean Sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula.

Current affairs summary – 20 August 2021

1. Defence India Startup Challenge 5.0

In News:

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh launched Defence India Startup Challenge (DISC) 5.0 under Innovations for Defence Excellence – Defence Innovation Organisation (iDEX-DIO) through video conferencing on August 19, 2021

Topics:

Mains GS2 – Governance

Significance of DISC 5.0:
  • DISC 5.0 is another step towards independence in the defense sector as the launch comes at a time when the country is celebrating ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’.

2. PM Kusum

In News:

The Union Minister for Power and New and Renewable Energy, Shri R.K. Singh has reviewed the progress of implementation of PM-KUSUM.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.

Topics:

PM Kusum:
  • Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has launched the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM) Scheme for farmers for installation of solar pumps and grid-connected solar and other renewable power plants in the country.

3. Abraham Accords

In News:

The signing of the Abraham Accords has helped in removing obstacles and helped in acting as a bridge to West Asia.

Topics:

Abraham Accords:
  • Abraham Accords was signed between Israel and a consortium of Arab states mainly UAE, and Bahrain mediated by the USA in 2020.

Current affairs summary – 18 August 2021

1. RBI’s Financial Inclusion Index

In News:

The annual FI-Index for the period ending March 2021 is 53.9 as against 43.4 for the period ending March 2017. The FI-Index will be published annually in July every year.

Topics:

Financial Inclusion Index:
  • The Reserve Bank of India has constructed a composite Financial Inclusion Index (FI-Index) to capture the extent of financial inclusion across the country.

2. RoDTEP scheme

In News:

The Central Government has notified RoDTEP Scheme Guidelines and Rates (Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products). The scheme for zero-rating of exports will boost our exports & competitiveness in the global markets. The rates of RoDTEP will cover 8555 tariff lines.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

RoDTEP scheme:
  • Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products (RoDTEP) is a scheme under which a mechanism would be created for reimbursement of taxes/ duties/ levies, at the central, state, and local levels.

3. National Livestock Mission

In News:

Sub mission on Fodder and Feed Development helps in enhancing livestock productivity and farmers’ income.

Topics:

NLM:
  • National Livestock Mission launched during 2014-15 was formulated for the development of the livestock sector with the objectives to enhance the level of nutrition and standard of living of livestock keepers and farmers especially smallholders through sustainable, safe, and equitable livestock development.

Current affairs summary – 17 August 2021

1. Visceral Leishmaniasis

In News:

Indian researchers have developed a non-invasive, easy to administer, cost-effective, and patient compliant potential therapeutic strategy against Visceral Leishmaniasis, a neglected tropical disease.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release

Topics:

Visceral Leishmaniasis:
  • Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a complex infectious disease transmitted by the bite of female Phlebotomine sandflies.

2. WPI Inflation

In News:

WPI Inflation slowed down to 11.2% in July.

Topics:

WPI:
  • Wholesale Price Index(WPI) is released by the Office of the Economic Adviser, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

3. Overcoming the Plastic pollution

In News:

Focussed and serious implementation of the new Plastic Rules will help in beating Plastic Pollution.

Topics:

Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules 2021:
  • It prohibits identified single-use plastic items which have low utility and high littering potential by 2022.

Current affairs summary – 16 August 2021

1. Operation Blue Freedom

In News:

On the occasion of 75thIndependence Day, Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Dr. Virendra Kumar inaugurated Operation Blue Freedom.

Topics:

Operation Blue Freedom:
  • Operation Blue Freedom is a pioneering expedition where a team of people with disabilities from across the country undertook an expedition to Siachen Glacier to create a new World Record for the largest team of people with disabilities to reach the world’s highest battlefield.
  • This pioneering expedition has brought India on the global stage as a leader in empowering Divyangjan and set a benchmark for other nations to emulate.

Current affairs summary – 15 August 2021

1. Four more Indian sites added to the Ramsar list

In News:

Four more wetlands from India were added to the Ramsar list as Wetlands of International Importance.

Topics:

Four new sites in Ramsar list:
  • Thol, Gujarat
  • Wadhwana , Gujarat and
  • Sultanpur, Haryana and
  • Bhindawas from Haryana.

The number of Ramsar sites in India is 46 as of 15.8.2021.

2. TAPAS

In News:

Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Dr Virendra Kumar launched an online portal TAPAS (Training for Augmenting Productivity and Services), developed by the National Institute of Social Defence, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

Topics:

TAPAS:
  • TAPAS is the initiative of the National Institute of Social Defence (NISD), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • TAPAS initiative is to provide access to lectures by subject experts, study material, and more, but in a manner that supplements the physical classroom without compromising on the quality of teaching.

Current affairs summary – 12 August 2021

1. Quality of Life for Elderly Index

In News:

Quality of Life for Elderly Index was released by Dr. Bibek Debroy, Chairman, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM).

Topics:

Quality of Life for Elderly Index:
  • The Index has been created by the Institute for Competitiveness at the request of EAC-PM.
  • It sheds light on an issue often not mentioned- problems faced by the elderly.

2. SEZ

In News:

Commerce Secretary has recently said that the unused built-up area and idle land inside Special Economic Zones(SEZs) will be freed up for other economic activity.

Topics:

SEZ act 2005:
  • The Special Economic Zones Act, 2005, was passed by Parliament in May 2005 which received Presidential assent on the 23rd of June, 2005
  • The SEZ Act 2005 envisages a key role for the State Governments in Export Promotion and the creation of related infrastructure.

3. GeM

In News:

The 5th edition of the National Public Procurement Conclave (NPPC) was organized by Government e-Marketplace (GeM) in association with the Confederation of Indian Industry [CII] on August 9th&10th, 2021 on the theme “Technology-enabled Government Procurement – Towards Efficiency, Transparency, and Inclusiveness”.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

GeM:
  • Government e-Marketplace (GeM), facilitates online procurement of common use Goods & Services required by various Government Departments / Organisations / PSUs.
  • GeM aims to enhance transparency, efficiency, and speed in public procurement.

Current affairs summary – 11 August 2021

1. Ujjwala 2.0

In News:

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi launched Ujjwala 2.0 (Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana – PMUY) by handing over LPG connections, at Mahoba Uttar Pradesh via video conferencing.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

PMUY:
  • In May 2016, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MOPNG), introduced the ‘Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana’ (PMUY).
  • PMUY is a flagship scheme with an objective to make clean cooking fuel such as LPG available to the rural and deprived households which were otherwise using traditional cooking fuels such as firewood, coal, cow-dung cakes, etc.

2. Operation Greens

In News:

Information about Operation Greens was given by Minister of State, M/o Food Processing Industries, Shri Prahlad Singh Patel in a written reply in Lok Sabha

Topics:

Operation Greens:
  • Ministry of Food Processing Industries launched Operation Greens scheme in November 2018 for integrated development of Tomato, Onion, and Potato (TOP) value chain with the objectives to enhance value realization of TOP farmers; reduction in post-harvest losses; price stabilization for producer and consumers and increase in food processing capacities and value addition, etc.

3. UNCLOS

In News:

As our Prime Minister attended the UNSC High-level meeting on Maritime security, UNCLOS assumes significance.

Topics:

UNCLOS:
  • United Nations Convention on Law of Sea is known as UNCLOS.
  • It was adopted in 1982.
  • It is an international treaty.

Current affairs summary – 10 August 2021

1. PM’s address at the UNSC meeting

In News:

Hon’ble PM Shri Narendra Modi chaired a High-Level Debate of UNSC on Maritime security.

Topics:

UNSC:
  • UN Security Council has the responsibility of maintaining peace and security in the world.
  • It is one of the 6 principal organs of the UN.

2. Quit India Movement

In News:

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tributes to all those who took part in the Quit India Movement, which played a crucial role in strengthening the fight against colonialism.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

Quit India Movement:
  • There was widespread discontentment in India due to the failure of the Cripps Mission and the effects of World War II.
  • This led Gandhiji to launch a movement calling for the complete withdrawal of the British from India.

3. IPCC Report

In News:

The Sixth Assessment Report, Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis was released by IPCC.

Topics:

IPCC:
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change.
  • IPCC was created in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization(WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Current affairs summary – 06 August 2021

1. Earth Observation Satellite to be launched

In News:

Earth Observation Satellite has been planned to launch on August 12, 2021.

Topics:

EOS-03:
  • Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-F10 (GSLV-F10) will launch Earth Observation Satellite, EOS-03 from the Second Launch Pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota.

2. Gamma Irradiation Technology

In News:

Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology; Minister of State (Independent Charge) Earth Sciences; MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr. Jitendra Singh said Gamma irradiation technology for food preservation has already been shared with private players.

Topics:

Gamma Irradiation Technology:
  • Gamma Irradiation is the process of exposing various products to ionizing gamma rays (similar to UV and X-rays) in a highly controlled manner for a specific goal, such as elimination of the virus, bacteria, pathogens, insects, and other undesirable organisms, etc.

3. USTTAD

In News:

Information about Schemes for the Upliftment of Minorities like USTTAD, Padho Pardesh, Nai Udaan, etc is given by the  Union Minister for Minority Affairs  Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi in a written reply in the Lok Sabha.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.

Topics:

USTTAD:
  • “USTTAD” scheme refers to Upgrading the Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/ Crafts for Development.
  • USTTAD scheme aims to preserve the heritage of traditional arts and crafts of minority communities and build the capacity of traditional craftspersons and artisans and establish linkages of traditional skills with the global market.

4. ECLGS scheme

In News:

Information about the ECLGS scheme was given by Union Minister for Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises, Shri Narayan Rane in a written reply in Lok Sabha.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.

Topics:

ECLGS scheme:
  • ECLGS refers to Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme.
  • ECLGS was announced as part of the Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Package (ANBP) to provide fully guaranteed and collateral-free additional credit to MSMEs, business enterprises, individual loans for business purposes, and MUDRA borrowers, to the extent of 20 percent of their credit outstanding as on 29.2.2020.

Current affairs summary – 05 August 2021

1. SATAT

In News:

Supply of Compressed Bio Gas (CBG) initiated from 13 CBG plants under Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) initiative.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

SATAT:
  • SATAT refers to the Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation.
  • The SATAT scheme aims to set up Compressed Bio-Gas production plants and make CBG available in the market for use as a green fuel.

2. AERA bill

In News:

Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (Amendment) Bill, 2021 got approval of both houses of Parliament on 4.8.2021.

Topics:

AERA bill- Highlights:
  • The bill allows tariff determination of a ‘group of airports’ by way of amending the definition of ‘major airport.’
  • The bill amends the provisions of the law in relation to tariffs for single airports.

3. Samagra Shiksha scheme

In News:

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for continuation of the revised Samagra Shiksha Scheme for a period of five years i.e., from 2021-22 to 2025-26 with a total financial outlay of Rs.2,94,283.04 crore

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

Samagra Shiksha scheme:
  • Samagra Shiksha is an overarching program for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class 12.
  • It is prepared with the broader goal of improving school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes.

4. National Commission for Safai Karamcharis

In News:

941 deaths have been reported since 1993 of people who undertook hazardous cleaning of sewers and septic tanks. Of these, National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK) has ensured payment of full compensation in 650 cases and partial compensation in 142 by the State Governments.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.

Topics:

NCSK:
  • The National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK) was constituted on 12th August 1994 as a statutory body by an Act of Parliament viz. ‘National Commission for Safai Karamcharis Act, 1993’.

Current affairs summary – 03 August 2021

1. Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakaram

In News:

Information about Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakaram was given by the Union Minister for Minority Affairs in the Rajya Sabha.

Topics:

PMJVK:
  • The Ministry of Minority Affairs implements the Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakaram (PMJVK), in the identified Minority Concentration Areas (MCAs) of the country, with the objective to develop socio-economic assets and basic amenities in the MCAs.

2. Parakram Diwas

In News:

Information about Parakram Diwas was given by Minister of Culture, Shri G. Kishan Reddy in a written reply in Lok Sabha

Topics:

Parakram Diwas:
  • The government of India is celebrating the 125th Birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
  • Inaugural function of 125th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was organized at Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata on 23rd January 2021 which was presided over by Hon’ble Prime Minister.

3. e-RUPI

In News:

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the digital payment solution e-RUPI, a person and purpose-specific digital payment solution via video conference.

Topics:

e-RUPI:
  • e-RUPI is a cashless and contactless instrument for digital payment.
  • It is a QR code or SMS string-based e-Voucher, which is delivered to the mobile of the beneficiaries.

4. Zika virus

In News:

The Union Government has sent a multi-disciplinary team to the state of Maharashtra to monitor the Zika virus situation and support the state government in controlling the spread of infection.

Topics:

Zika virus:
  • Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes, which bite during the day.
  • No vaccine is yet available for the prevention or treatment of Zika virus infection

5. FSSAI

In News:

A group of scientists has written to the FSSAI on the negative impacts on health and livelihoods due to mandatory food fortification and warned of the adverse effects.

Topics:

FSSAI:
  • The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has been established under Food Safety and Standards, 2006.
  • FSSAI has been created for laying down science-based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import to ensure the availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.

Current affairs summary – 02 August 2021

1. Office of CGPDT

In News:

Union Minister for Commerce & Industry, Consumer Affairs and Textile, Shri Piyush Goyal reviewed the functioning of the Office of Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks in Mumbai and deliberated on ways to build a robust Intellectual Property Rights infrastructure.

Topics:

Office of CGPDT:
  • The Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs & Trade Marks (CGPDTM) is located in Mumbai.
  • It functions under the Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce & Industry.

2. Muslim Women Rights Day

In News:

Muslim Women Rights Day” was observed by different organizations across the country on 1st August 2021 where Muslim women wholeheartedly thanked Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi for bringing the law against Triple Talaq.

Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB press release.

Topics:

Mains GS2 – Social Justice

The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage Act 2019): -(Highlights)
  • This is an Act to protect the rights of married Muslim women and to prohibit divorce by pronouncing talaq by their husbands and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
  • Meaning of “talaq”: “talaq” means talaq-e-biddat or any other similar form of talaq having the effect of instantaneous and irrevocable divorce pronounced by a Muslim husband.

3. Ashwagandha

In News:

The Ministry of Ayush and U.K.’s London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) have collaborated to conduct a study on ‘Ashwagandha’ to understand its efficacy in COVID patients.

Topics:

Ashwagandha:
  • Scientific name: Withania somnifera
  • Commonly known as Indian winter cherry.