Argutes

Monthly current affairs summary – December 2021

Current affairs play a vital role in UPSC civil service exam preparation. The daily current affairs from the daily news’ are one of these important areas. This section gives you a very brief summary of the important topics to be covered. You may use this section for revising your preparation. Nevertheless, we recommend you visit our daily current affairs section that gives a comprehensive analysis of the topics needed to be studied for the UPSC civil service exam.

Current affairs summary – 03 December 2021

1. Paika rebellion: Not the first War of Independence

The Centre through a written reply in the Rajya Sabha said the Paika rebellion cannot be called the first War of Independence. Since 2017, Odisha has demanded that the rebellion of Odisha be declared as the first war of Independence. At present, the Indian Mutiny or Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is called the first war of Independence against British Rule.

Paika Rebellion

  1. Parkas had been recruited since the 16th century by kings in Odisha.
  2. They were from a variety of social groups who render martial services in return for the rent-free land (nish-kar jagirs) and titles.

2. Dam Safety Bill, 2019

  1. The Rajya Sabha passed the Dam Safety Bill, 2019, after rejecting the Opposition’s charge that it was “unconstitutional” and “anti-federal”, encroaching upon the states’ legislative domain.
  2. It was clarified that the Bill was not intended to encroach upon the states’ rights on their waters, dam ownership or maintenance, or even resources like power, but only seeks to ensure the safety of dams across the country and prevent dam-related disasters that result in great loss to life and property.
  3. The bill was opposed as unconstitutional, arguing that Entry 17 of List 1 of the Constitution gives states exclusive rights to regulate water supplies and embankments, and even Entry 56 did not mention dam safety among the exceptions to Entry 17.

3. Worldwide Cost of Living 2021

  1. The Worldwide Cost of Living is a twice-yearly survey conducted by EIU that compares more than 400 individual prices across 200 products and services in 173 cities.
  2. Israel’s Tel Aviv has leapfrogged Hong Kong and Singapore to become the world’s most expensive city to live in, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).
  3. The Israeli city climbed from fifth place last year to top the Worldwide Cost of Living 2021 report for the first time, pushing Paris down to the joint second place with Singapore.
  4. Zurich and Hong Kong rounded out the top five.

Current affairs summary – 02 December 2021

1. The Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill

The Lok Sabha passed the Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill,, 2020 that proposes the establishment of a national registry and registration authority for all clinics and medical professionals serving in the field.

While moving the Bill for passage several suggestions of the Standing Committee have been considered by the Government to improve the legislation.

Insights

  1. The Bill seeks to regulate and supervise Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) clinics and ART banks, prevent misuse, adopt safe and ethical practices,s and so on.

2. All India Quarterly Establishment based Employment Survey

About 7.5 per cent job losses were seen during the lockdown for Covid pandemic last year, with the manufacturing, construction, education and trade sectors bearing the brunt more than white-collared employment in IT/BPOs, financial services and health sectors, government data presented in Parliament.

Among the nine key sectors covered for the All India Quarterly Establishment based Employment Survey (AQEES), the manufacturing sector recorded job losses of 14.2 lakh between the pre-lockdown (March 25, 2020) and post-lockdown (July 1, 2020) period.

Insights

  1. Construction sector recorded a loss of 1 lakh, while trade and education sectors registered job losses of 1.8 lakh and 2.8 lakh, respectively.
  2. Job losses in the financial services sector, on the other hand, were recorded at 0.4 lakh and at 1 lakh for the IT/BPOs sector during the same period.

3. World AIDS Day

World AIDS Day is observed on 1st December every year all over the world to spread awareness about the disease and remember all those who lost their lives to it.

Insights

  1. It was founded in 1988 by the World Health Organization (WHO) and was the first-ever global health day with a motto of raising public awareness about Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
  2. AIDS is a pandemic disease caused by the infection of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which damages the human immune system.

4. Global Gateway

The European Commission has announced a plan, called Global Gateway, to mobilize EURO 300 billion by 2027 in public and private infrastructure investment around the world. Although the plan doesn’t mention China, it is seen as a response to China’s Belt and Road strategy.

Insights

  1. With Global Gateway, the EU, in a Team Europe approach, will offer its partners a respond to the urgent needs to develop sustainable and high-quality digital, climate and energy, and transport infrastructures.
  2. It aims to Strengthen health, education, and research systems across the world.

Current affairs summary – 01 December 2021

1. Zero Defect Zero Effect Scheme

Union Minister for MSME in a written reply to Rajya Sabha today informed that approximately 23,948 MSMEs had registered with intent to adopt the principle of the Zero Defect Zero Effect Scheme (ZED).

About the scheme

  1. The objective of the scheme for promotion of Zero Defect and Zero Effect (ZED) manufacturing amongst micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs)
  2. The ZED Assessment for their certification so as to:
    • Develop an Ecosystem for Zero Defect Manufacturing in MSMEs.
    • Promote adaptation of Quality tools/systems and Energy Efficient manufacturing.

2. Young Water Professional Program

The Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Australia India Water Centre, and Western Sydney University virtually launched the first edition of the India Young Water on 29th November 2021.

Indo-Australia partnership

  1. Both the countries highlighted that water is a key priority area of collaboration between India and Australia and both countries are working actively on this front.
  2. It is also noted that the Young Water Professional Program is a significant milestone in the India-Australia relationship and will go a long way in institutional strengthening and capacity building.

3. Groundwater Level In India

About 33% of wells registered a decline in groundwater levels in the range of 0 to 2 meters, the Ministry of Jal Shakti said, noting that a decline of more than four meters has also been observed in a few pockets of cities like Delhi, Chennai, Allahabad, Kanpur, and Lucknow.

Responding to a question in Rajya Sabha, the Ministry noted that the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) is periodically monitoring the groundwater levels throughout the country, including metro cities, on a regional scale, through a network of monitoring wells.