Monthly current affairs summary – June 2021

Current affairs play a vital role in UPSC civil service exam preparation. The daily current affairs from the daily news’ are one of these important area. This section gives you a very brief summary of the important topics to be covered. You may use this section for revising your preparation. Nevertheless, we recommend you visit our daily current affairs section that gives a comprehensive analysis of the topics needed to be studied for the UPSC civil service exam.

Current affairs summary – 29 June 2021

1. Agni P Ballistic missile

In News:

Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight tested a New Generation Nuclear-Capable Ballistic Missile Agni P from Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam island off the coast of Odisha, Balasore at 1055 hrs on June 28, 2021

Topics:

Agni P:
  • Agni P is a new generation advanced variant of the Agni class of missiles.
  • It is a canisterised missile with a range capability between 1,000 and 2,000 km.

2. Nanochannels and Spintronics

In News:

Scientists have developed electrically configured nanochannels that can eliminate unwanted energy waste and promise wave-based computing.

Topics:

Spintronics:
  • Spintronics is also known as spin electronics.
  • It is the study of the intrinsic spin of the electron and its associated magnetic moment, in addition to its fundamental electronic charge, in solid-state devices offer to harness electron spins.

3. The Black Sea

In News:

Ukraine and the US launched joint naval exercises in the Black Sea.

Topics:

Black Sea:
  • Black sea is lying between Europe and Asia
  • Surrounding countries of the Black Sea:
    • Georgia,
    • Bulgaria,
    • Ukraine,
    • Russia,
    • Romania, and
    • Turkey.

Current affairs summary – 28 June 2021

1. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay

To News:

Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid homage to Rishi Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay on his Jayanti on 27.6.2021.

Topics:

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay:
  • Bankim Chandra Chatterjee is also known as Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay.
  • He was one of the greatest poets of India.
  • Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was born on June 27, 1838, in the village Kantalpara of the 24 Paraganas District of West Bengal.

2. CAPTCHA

In News:

All High Court websites now have captchas that are accessible to Persons with Disabilities (PwDs).

Click here to view the PIB release.

Topics:

CAPTCHA:
  • CAPTCHA refers to a Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart.
  • CAPTCHAs help to differentiate between real users and automated users, such as automated bots.

Current affairs summary – 27 June 2021

1. Antimicrobial resistance

In News:

The reason for the development of multi-drug resistance by the bacteria has been observed by the researchers at IISER Pune.

Topics:

AMR:
  • Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites change over time and no longer respond to medicines making infections harder to treat and increasing the risk of disease spread, severe illness, and death.
  • As a result of drug resistance, antibiotics and other antimicrobial medicines become ineffective and infections become increasingly difficult or impossible to treat.

2. Nasha Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan

In News:

The Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Shri Thawaarchand Gehlot in the presence of Ministers of State, Social Justice & Empowerment, Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar, Shri Ramdas Athawale & Shri Ratan Lal Kataria launched the website for the Nasha Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan(NMBA) on the occasion of International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking on 26th June 2021.

Topics:

Nasha Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan:
  • The ‘Nasha Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan’ or a ‘Drugs-Free India Campaign’  was flagged off on 15th August 2020 across 272 districts of the country found to be most vulnerable based on the data available from various sources.

3. Dragon fruit

In News:

In a major boost to the export of exotic fruit, a consignment of fiber and mineral-rich ‘Dragon Fruit’, also referred as Kamalam, has been exported to Dubai

Topics:

Dragon fruit:
  • Scientific name: Hylocereusundatus.
  • The dragon fruit is grown in countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, the USA, and Vietnam.
  • Dragon fruit production commenced in India in the early 1990s and was grown as home gardens.

Current affairs summary – 26 June 2021

1. FATF

In News:

FATF has said at the end of its last plenary session which was held virtually from June 21 to June 25 that Pakistan will be retained on the Greylist or the list of countries under increased monitoring.

Topics:

FATF:
  • FATF refers to the Financial Action Task Force
  • FATF is the watchdog of global money laundering and terrorist financing.
  • FATF is an inter-governmental body and was established by the G-7 summit held in Paris in 1989.

2. Enhanced Pinaka rocket

In News:

Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test-fired an extended-range version of an indigenously developed Pinaka rocket from a Multi-Barrel Rocket Launcher (MBRL) on 24th and 25th June 2021 at Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur off the coast of Odisha.

Topics:

Enhanced Pinaka Rocket:
  • The enhanced range version of the Pinaka Rocket System can destroy targets at distances up to 45 km.
  • The rocket system has been developed jointly by Pune-based Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) and High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL) with manufacturing support from M/s Economic Explosives Limited, Nagpur.

3. AMRUT mission

In News:

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) organized an online event on here today to commemorate 6 years of the three transformative Urban Missions vis. Smart Cities Mission (SCM), Atal Mission for Urban Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), and Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban (PMAY-U), which were launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, on 25th June 2015.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

AMRUT:
  • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation & Urban Transformation is known as AMRUT.
  • AMRUT comes under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  • All cities having a population above 1 lakh are covered under Mission

4. Smart cities Mission and PMAY Urban

In News:

Indore & Surat won the City Award jointly this year for their overall development and Uttar Pradesh won the State award for their work under the Smart Cities Mission.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

SCM:
  • Smart Cities Mission(SCM) was launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 25 June 2015.
  • The main objective of the Mission is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure, clean and sustainable environment, and give a decent quality of life to their citizens through the application of ‘smart solutions’.

5. LiDAR survey

In News:

Minister for Environment, Forest, and Climate Change, Shri Prakash Javadekar in a virtual event released the Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) of LiDAR-based survey of forest areas in ten states namely Assam, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Goa, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, and Tripura.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Topics:

LiDAR:
  • Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) is a remote sensing method used to examine the surface of the Earth.
  • It Uses light in the form of a pulsed laser to measure an object’s variable distances from the surface of the earth.

Current affairs summary – 25 June 2021

1. Maritime State Development Council

In News:

Union Minister of State (I/C) for Port, Shipping and Waterways Shri Mansukh Mandaviya chaired the 18th meeting of the Maritime State Development Council (MSDC) through a video conference organized by the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways.

Topics:

MSDC:
  • Maritime State Development Council(MSDC) is an apex advisory body for the development of the Maritime sector and aims to ensure integrated development of Major and non-Major Ports.

2. Saint Kabir Das

In News:

Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tribute to Sant Kabir Das Ji on his Jayanti.

Topics:

Kabir Das:
  • Kabir believed in a formless Supreme God and preached that the only path to salvation was through bhakti or devotion.

3. APEDA

In News:

In a bid to boost agricultural and processed food products exports, APEDA in collaboration with the Indian embassy has organized a virtual buyer-seller meet (VBSM) with Algeria where key stakeholders in the agricultural value chains from both countries participated.

Courtesy: PIB

Topics:

APEDA:
  • The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act passed by the Parliament in December 1985.

Current affairs summary – 24 June 2021

1. Tax Inspectors Without Borders

In News:

Bhutan’s Tax Inspectors Without Borders (TIWB) program has been launched in Bhutan in partnership with India.

Topics:

TIWB:
  • Tax Inspectors Without Borders (TIWB), a joint initiative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
  • India was chosen as the Partner Jurisdiction and has provided the Tax Expert for this program.

2. India’s FDI statistics

In News:

Trends in India’s Foreign Direct Investment are an endorsement of its status as a preferred investment destination amongst global investors

Topics:

FDI:
  • Foreign Direct Investment takes place when an investor establishes foreign business operations or acquires foreign business assets, and establishes ownership or controls interest in a foreign company.
  • FDI brings in long-term capital for the economy.

3. G20 labor and employment minister’s meeting

In News:

Delivering Ministerial Address on Declaration and Employment Working Group Priorities at G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting on 23.6.2021, Union Minister for Labour and Employment Shri Santosh Gangwar has said that India is making collective efforts to reduce gender gaps in labor force participation.

Topics:

Mains GS2 – Governance

Some of the Efforts taken by India to reduce the Gender Gap in Labour Force Participation:
  • The new Code on Wages, 2019 shall reduce gender-based discrimination in wages, recruitment, and conditions of employment.
  • Women are entitled to all types of work in all establishments. Employers have to ensure their safety and provisions for working hours.  Women can now work even during night hours.

Current affairs summary – 23 June 2021

1. CEMP stars

In News:

Scientists have found a clue to the abundance of heavy metals in the oldest metal-poor stars in a nucleosynthesis process called the i-process.

Topics:

CEMP stars and Significance:
  • Metal-poor stars that show enhancement of carbon are technically called Carbon Enhanced Metal-Poor (CEMP) stars
  • CEMP stars were formed from the ejected material of the first stars that formed after the Big Bang.

2. World’s first GM rubber sapling in Assam

In News:

The world’s first GM rubber plant sapling has been planted in Assam.

Topics:

GM rubber plant:
  • GM rubber plant was developed at the Kerala-based Rubber Research Institute of India (RRII)
  • GM rubber plant has been inserted with gene MnSOD or manganese-containing superoxide dismutase.

3. Toycathon Grand Finale

In News:

Minister of Textiles, Women and Child Development Smt. Irani and Minister of State for Education Shri Sanjay Dhotre virtually inaugurated Toycathon 2021 grand finale on 22.6.2021

Topics:

Mains GS2 – Governance/e-Governance

Significance of Toycathon:
  • Toycathon 2021 was jointly launched by the Ministry of Education, WCD Ministry, MSME Ministry, DPIIT, Textile Ministry, I&B Ministry, and AICTE on 5th January 2021 to crowd-source innovative toys and games ideas.

Current affairs summary – 22 June 2021

1. Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD)

In News:

Data on BOD of Ganga river conformed with the bathing quality of water except minor deviations at certain locations.

Topics:

BOD:
  • Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) represents the amount of oxygen consumed by bacteria and other microorganisms while they decompose organic matter under aerobic (oxygen is present) conditions at a specified temperature.

2. M-Yoga app

In news:

Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi launched the ‘WHO M-Yoga’ App while addressing the occasion of the 7thInternational Day of Yoga on 21st June 2021.

Topics:

M-Yoga app:
  • The Ministry of AYUSH and the World Health Organization (WHO) had jointly undertaken a project in mid-2019, focussing on mobile-Yoga.
  • It envisaged the concept of the ‘Be Healthy, Be Mobile’ (BHBM) under the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals to achieve Universal Health Coverage by 2030.

3. Section 309 IPC

In News:

There is an article related to Section 309 of IPC from a political angle.

Topics:

Section 309:
  • Section 309 of IPC deals with the punishment related to attempt to commit suicide.
  • Section 309 says that “Whoever attempts to commit suicide and does any act towards the commission of such offense, shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year 1[or with fine, or with both].”

Current affairs summary – 21 June 2021

1. NISHTHA capacity building

In News:

120 Eklavya Model Residential School teachers and principals from 3 states completed a 40 days’ NISHTHA-National initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement Program, a national flagship program of NCERT on 19th June 2021.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

NISHTHA:
  • NISHTHA refers to the National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement
  • NISHTHA is a capacity-building program for “Improving Quality of School Education through Integrated Teacher Training”.

2. RailWire

In News:

Public Wi-Fi, provided under the brand name of RailWire, is available at 15 stations of the UT of Kashmir.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Topics:

RailWire:
  • RailTel was entrusted by the Ministry of Railways to provide public Wi-Fi at all the Railway stations.
  • With a mission of turning Railway stations into platforms for Digital inclusion, RailTel has provided state-of-the-art public Wi-Fi under the brand name Railwire.

3. Black softshell turtle

In News:

An MOU was signed between a Hayagriva Madhava Temple in Assam with 2 Green NGOs, the Assam State Zoo-cum-Botanical Garden, and the Kamrup district administration regarding the conservation of Black softshell turtle.

Topics:

Black softshell turtle:
  • Scientific name: Nilssonia Nigricans
  • IUCN Red List Status: Critically endangered (listed in 2021 previously it was considered Extinct in the Wild)
  • It is a species of freshwater turtle.

Current affairs summary – 20 June 2021

1. National Internet Exchange of India(NIXI)

In News:

National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) celebrated its 18th Foundation Day on 19.6.2021.

Topics:

NIXI:
  • NIXI refers to the National Internet Exchange of India.
  • NIXI is a not for profit Organization under section 8 of the Companies Act 2013 and was registered on 19th June 2003
  • NIXI is the first Internet Exchange in the country.

2. NATO

In News:

There is a piece of political news related to NATO and its plan to take a stronger position towards  China

Topics:

NATO:
  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an alliance of 30 countries from North America and Europe committed to fulfilling the goals of the North Atlantic Treaty signed on 4 April 1949.
  • In accordance with the Treaty, the fundamental role of NATO is to safeguard the freedom and security of its member countries by political and military means.

3. Ebola

In News:

The World Health Organization officially announced the end of Guinea’s second Ebola outbreak.

Topics:

Ebolavirus:
  • Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a rare but severe, often fatal illness in humans.
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.

Current affairs summary – 19 June 2021

1. GM crops and GEAC

In News:

The selling of illegal cultivation of herbicide-tolerant (HT) Bt cotton seeds has more than doubled and it has environmental consequences.

Topics:

Bt Cotton:
  • Bt cotton is the only transgenic Genetically modified crop that is approved for cultivation.
  • Bt cotton hybrids exhibited excellent control of American Bollworm which is a pest and reduced the use of insecticides leading to create an eco-friendly environment without compromising on profitable yield.

2. Quality Council of India and ICMED Plus scheme

In News:

The Quality Council of India (QCI), and the Association of Indian Manufacturers of Medical Devices (AiMeD) have launched the ICMED Plus Scheme.

Topics:

QCI:
  • The Quality Council of India is an autonomous body set up by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India jointly with the Indian Industry represented by the three premier industry associations i.e. Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).

3. IN – EUNAVFOR exercise

In News:

Maiden IN – EUNAVFOR Joint Naval Exercise is being conducted on 18th and 19th June 2021.

Topics:

IN- EUNAVFOR exercise:
  • IN-EUNAVFOR is the maiden joint naval exercise between the Indian Navy and the European Union Naval Force(EUNAVFOR)
  • It is conducted in the Gulf of Aden.
  • Indian Naval Ship Trikand, mission deployed for Anti-Piracy Operations, is participating in this maiden joint naval exercise.

Current affairs summary – 18 June 2021

1. Cross disability early intervention centers

In News:

The Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Shri ThaawarchandGehlot virtually inaugurated 14 Cross-Disability Early Intervention Centres

Topics:

Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 – Highlights:
  • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 fulfills the obligations to the United National Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), to which India is a signatory.
  • Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities(Divyangjan) comes under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.

2. Cable TV network rules amendment

In News:

The Central Government issued a notification regarding the amendment to the Cable Television Network Rules, 1994.

Topics:

Cable TV network rules – new amendment:
  • A statutory mechanism for redressal of grievances/complaints of citizens relating to content broadcast by television channels in accordance with the provisions of the Cable Television Network Act, 1995 has been developed in the amendment.

3. Neutrinos

In News:

Scientists have shown that the geometry of space-time can cause neutrinos to oscillate.

Topics:

Neutrinos:
  • A neutrino is a tiny elementary particle that is very similar to an electron.
  • Neutrino is not a part of the atom.
  • It has no electrical charge and a very small mass, which might even be zero.
  • Neutrinos are one of the most abundant particles in the universe.

Current affairs summary – 17 June 2021

1. Deep Ocean Mission approved by the Cabinet

In News:

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) on “Deep Ocean Mission

Topics:

Deep Ocean Mission:
  • Deep Ocean Mission is expected to explore the deep ocean for resources and develop deep-sea technologies for sustainable use of ocean resources.
  • Deep Ocean Mission is a mission mode project to support the Blue Economy Initiatives of the Government of India.

2. UNCLOS

In News:

Hon’ble Raksha Mantri reiterated India’s support to freedom of navigation, over-flight, and unimpeded commerce for all in international waters in accordance with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) at the 8th ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting Plus.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Topics:

UNCLOS:
  • United Nations Convention on Law of Sea is known as UNCLOS.
  • It was adopted in 1982.
  • It is an international treaty.

3. Cold Desert Ladakh

In News:

Scientists have shown that the cold desert of Ladakh Himalaya once experienced large floods that rose much above the present-day river level.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Topics:

Cold Desert:
  • The Cold Desert Cultural Landscape of India is situated in the Himalayas and stretches from Ladakh (in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, or J&K) in the north to Kinnaur (in the state of Himachal Pradesh, or H.P.) in the south.
  • The region has a Cold Desert biome with harsh climatic conditions.

Current affairs summary – 16 June 2021

1. Jal Shakti Abhiyan-Catch the Rain

In News:

Minister of State for Jal Shakti, Shri Rattan Lal Kataria has written personal letters to all MPs, both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, to support the ongoing “Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch The Rain”.

Topics:

Jal Shakti Abhiyan- Catch the rain campaign:
  • Jal Shakti Abhiyan with the theme- “Catch the Rain where it falls, when it falls’ was launched by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on the occasion of world water day – March 22, 2021.

2. Electoral bonds

In News:

There is a piece of news article related to the Electoral bonds from a political angle. But for the examination, the scheme may acquire importance.

Topics:

Electoral Bond scheme:
  • The Government of India has notified the Electoral Bond Scheme 2018 vide Gazette Notification No. 20 dated 02nd January 2018.
  • As per provisions of the Scheme, Electoral Bonds may be purchased by a person (as defined in item No. 2 (d) of Gazette Notification), who is a citizen of India or incorporated or established in India.

3. Trade deficit widens to $6.3 billion

In News:

Imports during the month of May rose to $38.6 billion and exports surged by 69% to $32.3 billion. This led to a trade deficit of $6.3 billion during the month of May.

Topics:

Trade Deficit:
  • A Trade Deficit is said to occur when the imports done by a country exceed the exports of a country during a given period of time.
  • It is also called the Negative Balance of Trade(BOT).

Current affairs summary – 15 June 2021

1. PM Bharatiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana

In News:

Minister of State for Chemicals & Fertilizers Shri Mansukh Mandaviya virtually inaugurated the Pradhanmantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendra in Pragpur at Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. The Government has set a target to increase the number of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras (PMBJKs) to 10000 by March 2024. As of 11th June 2021, the number of stores has increased to 7836.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Topics:

Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana’ (PMBJP):
  • ‘Jan Aushadhi Scheme’ was launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers, Government of India in November 2008 across the county.

2. Jivan Vayu

In News:

Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar has developed a device ‘Jivan Vayu’.

Topics:

CPAP:
  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is a treatment method for patients having breathing problems during sleep called sleep apnea.
  • The machine uses mild air pressure to keep the airways open for easy breathing.

3. WPI inflation

In News:

The annual rate of inflation, based on monthly WPI, was 12.94% (Provisional) for the month of May 2021 (over May 2020) as compared to -3.37% in May 2020. The high rate of inflation in May 2021 is primarily due to the low base effect and rise in prices of crude petroleum, mineral oils viz. petrol, diesel, naphtha, furnace oil, etc., and manufactured products as compared to the corresponding month of the previous year.

Topics:

WPI:
  • Wholesale Price Index(WPI) is released by the Office of the Economic Adviser, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

4. Hydrogen Fuel cells

In News:

NTPC has invited Expression of Interest (EOI) for Hydrogen Fuel cell-based projects.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Topics:

Hydrogen Fuel cell:
  • A fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, heat, and water.
  • Fuel cells are often compared to batteries.

Current affairs summary – 14 June 2021

1. Pyrostria lajii

In News:

A tree of the coffee family has been found in the Andaman and Nicobar islands.

Topics:

Pyrostria laljii:
  • Pyrostria laljii is a 15-meter tall tree belonging to the genus of the coffee family.
  • It has been recently found in Andaman and Nicobar islands.

2. iDEX

In News:

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh has approved the budgetary support of Rs 498.8 crore to Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) – Defence Innovation Organisation (DIO) for the next five years.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Topics:

iDEX challenge:
  • iDEX aims at the creation of an ecosystem to foster innovation and technology development in Defence and Aerospace by engaging Industries including MSMEs, start-ups, individual innovators, R&D institutes & academia.

3. G7 summit

In News:

On the second day of the Outreach Sessions of the G7 Summit, Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi took part in two sessions titled ‘Building Back Together—Open Societies and Economies’ and ‘Building Back Greener: Climate and Nature’.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Topics:

G7:
  • G7 is an International Intergovernmental group of countries.
  • It consists of the 7 largest advanced economies of the World as members. They are,
    • US
    • UK
    • Canada
    • France
    • Germany
    • Japan
    • Italy

4. Ransomware attacks

In News:

There is an article related to cyberattacks of Ransomware and the need for data protection.

Topics:

Ransomware:
  • Ransomware is malicious software that infects your computer and displays messages demanding a fee to be paid in order for your system to work again.

Current affairs summary – 13 June 2021

1. Operation Olivia

In News:

Operation Olivia to rescue the Olive Ridley turtles is found in the news.

Topics:

Operation Olivia:
  • The Indian Coast Guard conducts “Operation Olivia” every year.
  • This Operation Olivia helps protect Olive Ridley Turtles as they gather as a mass along the Odisha coast for breeding and nesting.

2. Bharitalasuchus Tapani

In News:

Bharitalasuchus Tapani was found by a team of researchers from the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata.

Topics:

Bharitalasuchus Tapani:
  • Bharitalasuchus Tapani is a carnivorous reptile that lived 240 million years ago.
  • Several fossils have been found on the rocks of Yerrapali formation, Telangana.
  • Family: Extinct reptiles named Erythrosuchidae

3. Cryptocurrencies  – Bitcoin

In News:

There is an article related to cryptocurrencies and bitcoin in the news

Topics:

Cryptocurrency:
  • A cryptocurrency is a form of digital asset based on a network that is distributed across a large number of computers.
  • This decentralized structure allows them to exist outside the control of governments and central authorities.

4. PENCIL portal

In News:

Union Minister of Women and Child Development and Textiles, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani has Appealed to Citizens to report the instances of Child Labour on the PENCIL Portal or by calling on Childline-1098.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

PENCIL:
  • PENCIL refers to the Platform for Effective Enforcement for No Child Labour.
  • It has been launched by the Ministry of Labour and Employment.

Current affairs summary – 12 June 2021

1. Index of Industrial Production

In News:

The Indices of Industrial Production for the Mining, Manufacturing, and Electricity sectors for the month of April 2021 stand at 108.0, 125.1, and 174.0 respectively.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

Index of Industrial Production: (IIP)
  • Index of Industrial Production is an index that tracks manufacturing activity in various sectors of the economy.
  • The three broad sectors of IIP:
    • Mining,
    • Manufacturing,
    • Electricity

2. E-Way bills

In News:

There is a piece of news related to E-way bills and assessment of activity in the industrial sectors.

Topics:

E-Way Bill:
  • Electronic way, or e-way bills, are required for inter-State movement of goods worth over ₹50,000.
  • For the intra-State movement, the limits vary from State to State.

3. Khadi Prakritik Paint

In News:

Delhi High Court has directed a Ghaziabad-based trader, who indulged in fraudulent manufacturing and selling of counterfeit Khadi Prakritik Paint, to stop all such activities immediately

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

Khadi Prakritik paint and benefits to Farmers:
  • The eco-friendly, non-toxic paint, called“Khadi Prakritik Paint is a first-of-its-kind product, with anti-fungal, anti-bacterial properties.
  • Based on cow dung as its main ingredient, the paint is cost-effective and odorless.

4. Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization

In News:

To empower the farmers through the Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) scheme, the Government of India has released funds for various activities of Farm Mechanization like Establishment of Custom Hiring Centres, Farm Machinery Bank, High-tech Hubs and distribution of various agricultural machinery, etc to different states.

Topics:

Mains GS3 – Agriculture

Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization:
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has launched a Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) in 2014-15 with the objectives of increasing the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers and to the regions & difficult areas where farm power availability is low.

Current affairs summary – 11 June 2021

1. Report of All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE)

In News:

Union Education Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ announced the release of the report of the All India Survey on Higher Education 2019-20.

Topics:

AISHE report:
  • All India Survey on Higher Education 2019-20 is released by the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education.
  • This Report provides key performance indicators on the current status of Higher education in the country.

2. Bonn challenge

In News:

There is an article related to Forest restoration in the news.

Topics:

Bonn challenge:
  • The Bonn Challenge is a global goal to bring 150 million hectares of degraded and deforested landscapes into restoration by 2020 and 350 million hectares by 2030.
  • Launched by the Government of Germany and IUCN in 2011, the Challenge surpassed the 150-million-hectare milestone for pledges in 2017.

3. Shaheed Ram Prasad Bismil

In News:

As part of the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, the Ministry of Culture will hold the special ceremony at Shahjahanpur, the birthplace of Shaheed Ram Prasad Bismil on 11th June 2021 to mark the birth anniversary of renowned freedom fighter Shaheed Ram Prasad Bismil.

Topics:

Shaheed Ram Prasad Bismil:
  • Pt. Ram Prasad Bismil, born on 11th June 1897 in Shahjahanpurwas amongst the most notable Indian revolutionaries who fought against British colonialism.
  • He wrote powerful patriotic poems in Urdu and Hindi under the pen name of Bismil from age of 19.

Current affairs summary – 10 June 2021

1. Phishing

In News:

There was a phishing attack on the Government officials through a malicious web link sent on WhatsApp and SMS and it asked them to update their vaccination status.

Topics:

Phishing:
  • Phishing attacks are the practice of sending fraudulent communications or messages that appear to come from a reputable source.
  • It is usually done through email but nowadays through Whatsapp and SMS links also.

2. Election Commissioner

In News:

Shri. Anup Chandra Pandey assumed charge as the new Election Commissioner of India. Shri Pandey joins the Election Commission of India as second Election Commissioner in a three-member body headed by Chief Election Commissioner Shri Sushil Chandra and Election Commissioner Shri Rajiv Kumar.

Click here to view the PIB release.

Topics:

Election Commission:
  • The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India.
  • The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country.

3. Minimum Support Price

In News:

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the increase in the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) for all mandated Kharif crops for marketing season 2021-22.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

MSP:
  • Minimum Support Price (MSP) is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices.
  • The minimum support prices are announced by the Government of India at the beginning of the sowing season for certain crops on the basis of the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP).

Current affairs summary – 09 June 2021

1. World Bank’s Global Economic Prospects report

In News:

World Bank in its June 2021 Global Economic Prospects has projected that India’s economy is expected to grow by 8.3% in the new fiscal year which started from April 2021.

Topics:

World Bank:
  • World Bank was founded in 1944.
  • Initially, it was known as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and soon it is widely known as the World Bank.

2. Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016

In News:

Union Environment Minister, Shri Prakash Javadekar launched an awareness campaign on Single-Use Plastics.

Topics:

Key Highlights of Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016:

(Note: These points have been directly taken from the official Government document to highlight the important rules as given in the document.)

  • Every local body shall be responsible for the development and setting up of infrastructure for segregation, collection, storage, transportation, processing, and disposal of the plastic waste either on its own or by engaging agencies or producers.

3. Securities Appellate Tribunal

In News:

There is a piece of news related to Franklin Templeton Asset Management and Securities Appellate Tribunal.

Topics:

SAT:
  • Securities Appellate Tribunal is a statutory body established under the provisions of Section 15K of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 to hear and dispose of appeals against orders passed by the Securities and Exchange Board of India or by an adjudicating officer under the Act; and to exercise jurisdiction, powers, and authority conferred on the Tribunal by or under this Act or any other law for the time being in force.

4. DNA Sequencing

In News:

Genome Sequencing may be used for tracking emerging COVID-19 variants. This may help in facing the pandemic fight.

Topics:

DNA Sequencing:
  • Sequencing DNA means determining the order of the four chemical building blocks – called “bases” – that make up the DNA molecule.
  • The sequence tells scientists the kind of genetic information that is carried in a particular DNA segment.

Current affairs summary – 08 June 2021

1. Non Performing Assets

In News:

Banks have planned to shift some Rs. 89000 crore worth of NPAs to National Asset Reconstruction Company(NARCL).

Topics:

NPA:
  • Non-Performing Assets are those loans or advances that have defaulted or in arrears.
  • The loans for which the Principal or interest amount has not been paid for more than 90 days are considered to be Non-Performing Assets.

2. Micro Arc Oxidation and Aluminum alloys

In News:

Indian Scientists have developed an environmental-friendly process, which can provide excellent corrosion resistance to the high-strength aluminum (Al) alloys.

Topics:

Applications of Aluminium alloys:
  • High-strength aluminum (Al) alloys are extensively used in aerospace, textile, and automotive applications owing to their low density and high specific strength.
  • Aerospace components made out of Al alloys include landing gear, wing spar, which is the main structural part of the wing, fuselage (main body of an aircraft), aircraft skins or outer surface, and pressure cabins.

3. World Food Safety Day event on 7th June

In News:

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare virtually attended the Word Food Safety Day celebrations on 7th June 2021 organized by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

FSSAI:
  • The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has been established under Food Safety and Standards, 2006.
  • FSSAI has been created for laying down science-based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import to ensure the availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.

Current affairs summary – 07 June 2021

1. Education Ministry’s Performance Grading Index released

In News:

Union Education Minister, Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’  approved the release of the Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2019-20 for States and Union Territories of India on 6th June 2021.

Topics:

PGI:
  • Performance Grading Index is released by the Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education, Government of India.
  • The index monitors the progress on the Learning outcomes and Quality, Access, Infrastructure, and Facilities, Equity, Governance, and Management processes domains.

2. Line of Control

In News:

No infiltration attempts have been found on the Line of Control for over 100 days.

Topics:

Line of Control(LOC):
  • Line of Control (LoC) is 740 km long and runs from parts of Jammu to parts of Leh.
  • Line of Control is a ceasefire line that came into existence after the 1948 and 1971 wars between India and Pakistan.

3. Antibodies

In News:

Covishield vaccine produces more antibodies than Covaxin as per a recent study.

Topics:

Antibody:
  • An antibody is a protein component of the immune system that circulates in the blood, recognizes foreign substances like bacteria and viruses, and neutralizes them.
  • After exposure to a foreign substance, called an antigen, antibodies continue to circulate in the blood, providing protection against future exposures to that antigen.

Current affairs summary – 06 June 2021

1. World Environment Day celebrated on June 5th

In News:

Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi addressed the World Environment Day event, jointly organized by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas and the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on 5th June 2021 through a video conference.

Topics:

World Environment Day:
  • World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5th every year.
  • The theme of 2021: Ecosystem Restoration. (Reimagine, Recreate, Restore)
  • Ecosystem restoration means preventing, halting, and reversing this damage – to go from exploiting nature to healing it.

2. Government e-Marketplace

In News:

On the occasion of World Environment Day, a new product category of Green Room Air Conditioners was launched on the Government e-Marketplace (GeM). The launch event was organized in association with United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

GeM:
  • Government e-Marketplace (GeM), facilitates online procurement of common use Goods & Services required by various Government Departments / Organisations / PSUs.
  • GeM aims to enhance transparency, efficiency, and speed in public procurement.

3. Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

In News:

The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, and Dairying have recognized the importance of the aquatic ecosystems on the occasion of World Environment Day.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

PMMSY:
  • The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India is implementing Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana.
  • PMMSY is a scheme to bring about the Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of the fisheries sector in India at an estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crores for holistic development of fisheries sector including the welfare of fishers.

4. Van Dhan Yojana

In News:

On the occasion of World Environment Day on June 5, 2021, tribal members of Van Dhan Vikas Kendras in several parts of the country launched a drive to plant more trees.

Topics:

Van Dhan Yojana:
  • The Van Dhan Yojana or Van Dhan Scheme, a component of the ‘Mechanism for Marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) & Development of Value Chain for MFP’  was launched on 14th April 2018.
  • The Van Dhan Scheme is an initiative of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED.

Current affairs summary – 05 June 2021

1. Monetary Policy Committee

In News:

The RBI’s Monetary Policy Committee met on 4.6.2021 amidst the second wave of the COVID pandemic and voted unanimously to keep the policy repo rate unchanged at 4%.

Topics:

MPC:
  • The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) is a committee of the Reserve Bank of India, headed by the RBI Governor, which is entrusted with the task of fixing the benchmark policy interest rate (repo rate) to contain inflation within the specified target level.

2. G-Secs purchase by RBI planned

In News:

The RBI has said that the purchase of Government securities(G-Secs) will be conducted and will continue Open Market Operations(OMO) to maintain the liquidity conditions.

Topics:

OMO:
  • The RBI manages the liquidity conditions, rupee strength through a tool called Open Market Operations(OMO).
  • OMO is nothing but the sale and purchase of Government Securities.

3. SAGE initiative

In News:

The Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Shri ThaawarchandGehlot virtually launched the SAGE (Seniorcare Aging Growth Engine) initiative and SAGE portal for elderly persons.

Topics:

SAGE initiative:
  • SAGE refers to the Seniorcare Aging Growth Engine initiative.
  • The SAGE portal will be a “one-stop access” of elderly care products and services by credible start-ups.

Current affairs summary – 04 June 2021

1. Black Carbon

In News:

A study by World Bank has said that strong policies on Black carbon cut will help in cutting the pace of the melting of glaciers.

Topics:

Black carbon:
  • Black carbon, or soot, is part of fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) and contributes to climate change.
  • Black carbon is formed by the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, wood, and other fuels.

2. SDG India Index 2020 – 2021

In News:

The third edition of the SDG India Index and Dashboard 2020–21 was released by NITI Aayog on 3rd June 2021.

Topics:

SDG(Sustainable Development Goals) – India Index:
  • The SDG India Index 2020–21, developed in collaboration with the United Nations in India, tracks the progress of all States and UTs on 115 indicators that are aligned to MoSPI’s National Indicator Framework (NIF).
  • NITI AAYOG releases the SDG India Index.

3. MGNREGA

In News:

There is a piece of political news related to MGNREGA and wage benefits.

Topics:

MGNREGA  – Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005
  • MGNREGA Scheme is under the Ministry of Rural Development
  • MGNREGA aims at enhancing the livelihood of rural people by providing them with 100 days of wage employment to rural household people who are willing to do unskilled manual work

Current affairs summary – 03 June 2021

1. MoC between India and Japan in the field of sustainable Urban Development

In News:

The Union Cabinet, chaired by Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the signing of the Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) on Sustainable Urban Development between the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, Government of India, and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Government of Japan, in supersession of existing MoU of 2007 on Urban Development.

Topics:

Mains GS2 – International Relations

Significance of MoC between India and  Japan:
  • The MoC will promote strong, deep, and long-term bilateral cooperation in the field of Sustainable Urban Development between the two countries.

2. SWASTIIK technology – Safe and Healthy drinking water

In News:

Scientists, Dr. VM Bhandari and his group at CSIR-NCL Pune, with support from the Water Technology Initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, have developed the novel hybrid technology using Modern technology and Indian traditional knowledge called ‘SWASTIIK’.

Topics:

SWASTIIK:
  • SWASTIIK is a novel hybrid technology to disinfect water.
  • SWASTIIK involves boiling a liquid as a result of pressure reduction (cavitation) and also uses natural oils having antimicrobial properties.

3. MoU between India and Argentina in the field of Mineral Resources

In News:

The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to be signed between the Ministry of Mines, Government of India, and the Secretariat of Mining Policy of the Ministry of Productive Development of the Argentine Republic.

Topics:

Mains GS2 – International Relations

Significance of MoU between India and Argentina:
  • The MoU will provide an institutional mechanism for cooperation in the field of Mineral Resources.
  • The objectives of the MoU are to strengthen the activities involved like
    • cooperation for encouraging minerals exploration and development, including extraction, mining, and beneficiation of lithium..

4. Base Erosion and Profit Shifting(BEPS)

In News:

There is a mention of BEPS in a piece of political news today.

Topics:

BEPS:
  • Base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) refers to tax planning strategies used by multinational enterprises that exploit gaps and mismatches in tax rules to avoid paying tax.
  • Developing countries’ higher reliance on corporate income tax means they suffer from BEPS disproportionately.

Current affairs summary – 02 June 2021

1. NBFC and second wave of the pandemic

In News:

The heat of the second wave of the pandemic is hitting the NBFC’s collection of loans and this will soon lead to an increase in the overdue of loans as recoveries from overdue are impacted due to the lockdown in many parts of the country.

Topics:

NBFC:
  • A Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) is a company registered under the Companies Act, 1956 engaged in the business of loans and advances, acquisition of shares/stocks/bonds/debentures/securities issued by Government or local authority or other marketable securities of a like nature, leasing, hire-purchase, insurance business, chit business but does not include any institution whose principal business is that of agriculture activity, industrial activity, purchase or sale of any goods (other than securities) or providing any services and sale/purchase/construction of the immovable property.

2. FDI Inflows at peak.

In News:

As per the data released by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, India has attracted the highest ever total FDI inflow of US$ 81.72 billion during the financial year 2020-21 and it is 10% higher as compared to the last financial year 2019-20 (US$ 74.39 billion). Computer Software & Hardware’ has emerged as the top sector during F.Y. 2020-2021.

Topics:

FDI:
  • Foreign Direct Investment takes place when an investor establishes foreign business operations or acquires foreign business assets, and establishes ownership or controls interest in a foreign company.
  • FDI brings in long-term capital for the economy.

3. NCPCR and data on orphans

In News:

NCPCR has tracked the orphans’ data during the pandemic through Bal Swaraj, an online tracking portal of a national child rights body. The NCPCR has informed the Supreme Court that these children have the risk of being pushed into trafficking and flesh trade. Around 9346 children have been abandoned or orphaned since the pandemic first hit the country in 2020.

Topics:

NCPCR:
  • National Commission for Protection of Child Rights is a statutory body established under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005.
  • NCPCR is under the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

4. SATAT initiative

In News:

Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Steel Shri Dharmendra Pradhan presided over a virtual ceremony in which a number of initiatives were launched to provide a major fillip to the SATAT initiative.

Topics:

SATAT:
  • SATAT refers to the Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation.
  • The SATAT scheme aims to set up Compressed Bio-Gas production plants and make CBG available in the market for use as a green fuel.

Current affairs summary – 01 June 2021

1. April core sector output increases

In News:

Eight core sector output has jumped by 56.1% in April as per the official data.

Topics:

Index of Eight Core Industries:
  • Eight Core Industries comprises of the following industries:
    1. Coal
    2. Crude Oil
    3. Natural Gas
    4. Refinery Products (Petroleum)
    5. Fertilizers
    6. Steel
    7. Cement
    8. Electricity

2. Fiscal Deficit

In News:

As per CGA data, the Fiscal Deficit has been recorded at 9.2% of GDP in 2020-2021 and is narrower than the forecasted Fiscal deficit of 9.5%.

Topics:

Fiscal deficit:
  • A fiscal deficit is a shortfall in a government’s income compared with its spending.
  • Fiscal Deficit is the difference between the total income of the government (total taxes and non-debt capital receipts) and its total expenditure.

3. India’s GDP Shrinks

In News:

As per the National Income estimates released by the National Statistical Office, GDP has shrunk by 7.3% in 2020-2021 and GVA shrunk 6.2% in 2020-2021.

Topics:

GDP:
  • Gross Domestic Product
  • GDP is the total value of all finished goods and services produced within a country during a specific period

4. Chief Secretary

In News:

There is a piece of political news related to the Chief Secretary of West Bengal. The news as such is not important. But from the examination perspective, we may need to know some information about the Chief Secretary.

Topics:

Chief Secretary:
  • Chief Secretary acts as an advisor to the Chief Minister of a state and the government on administration.
  • Chief Secretary of a state has no specific tenure.(UPSC 2016 Prelims question)