Monthly current affairs summary – May 2021

Current affairs play a vital role in UPSC civil service exam preparation. The daily current affairs from the daily news’ are one of this important area. This section gives you a very brief summary of the important topics to be covered. You may use this section for revising your preparation. Nevertheless, we recommend you visit our daily current affairs section that gives a comprehensive analysis of the topics needed to be studied for the UPSC civil service exam.

Current affairs summary – 31 May 2021

1. ECLGS scheme expanded – ECLGS 4.0

In News:

On account of the disruptions caused by the second wave of COVID 19 pandemic to businesses across various sectors of the economy, the Government has further enlarged the scope of the Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme.

Topics:

ECLGS scheme:
  • ECLGS refers to Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme.
  • ECLGS was announced as part of the Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Package (ANBP) to provide fully guaranteed and collateral-free additional credit to MSMEs, business enterprises, individual loans for business purposes, and MUDRA borrowers, to the extent of 20 percent of their credit outstanding as on 29.2.2020.

2. Glaciers in Uttarakhand

In News:

No cracks were found in the glaciers in Uttarakhand after an aerial survey conducted by a team of scientists.

(Note: In the exam point of view, the location of the glaciers in Uttarkhand may be a notable part. Even a question related to the location of glaciers was asked in 2019 UPSC exams)

Topics:

Some important Glaciers of Uttarkhand:
Glaciers in Kumaon Region
  1. Kafini Glacier
  2. Maiktoli Glacier…
Glaciers in Garhwal Region
  1. Bander Punch Glacier
  2. Chorbari Bamak Glacier…

Current affairs summary – 30 May 2021

1. Sunderbans

In News:

Yaas cyclone and the rising tides have severely affected Sunderbans.

Topics:

Sunderbans and Mangroves:
  • The Indian Sundarban, covering the south-westernmost part of the delta, constitutes over 60% of the country’s total mangrove forest area and includes 90% of Indian mangrove species.
  • The mangrove forests protect the hinterland from storms, cyclones, tidal surges, and the seepage and intrusion of saltwater inland and into waterways.

2. DNA

In News:

There is an article related to DNA and the evolution of mankind.

Topics:

DNA:
  • DNA is the chemical name for the molecule that carries genetic instructions in all living things.
  • The DNA molecule consists of two strands that wind around one another to form a shape known as a double helix.
  • Each strand has a backbone made of alternating sugar (deoxyribose) and phosphate groups.

3. CAG Audit

In News:

There is a piece of political news related to the CAG Audit and vaccine supply.

Topics:

CAG:
  • CAG refers to the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
  • CAG is the supreme audit institution of India.
  • Article 148 deals with the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

Current affairs summary – 29 May 2021

1. GST Compensation to states

In News:

A special session of the GST Council is expected to be held to discuss with states and decide on the extension of the Compensation cess beyond the original sunset date of July 2022 which is levied under the GST regime.

Topics:

GST:
  • GST was introduced by the 101st Amendment act 2016
  • Goods and Service Tax is a One Nation One Tax concept.

2. 43rd GST Council meeting held

In News:

The 43rd GST Council met under the Chairmanship of Union Finance & Corporate Affairs Minister Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman through video conferencing was held on 28th May 2021.

Click here to view the PIB release of the 43rd GST Council meeting.

Topics:

GST Council:
  • Goods & Services Tax Council is a constitutional body for making recommendations to the Union and State Government on issues related to Goods and Service Tax.
  • The GST Council is chaired by the Union Finance Minister and other members are the Union State Minister of Revenue or Finance and Ministers in charge of Finance or Taxation of all the States.

3. Mid-day Meal scheme

In News:

The Union Minister for Education Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has approved the proposal to provide monetary assistance to 11.8 Crore students (118 Million Students) through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) of the cooking cost component of the Mid-Day-Meal Scheme, to all eligible children, as a special welfare measure.

Mini Insights

Topics:

MDM and History of MDM:
  • Mid-day Meal Scheme is administered by the Ministry of Education, Government of India.
  • In 1925, a Mid Day Meal Programme was introduced for disadvantaged children in Madras Municipal Corporation.

Current affairs summary – 28 May 2021

1. National Digital Health Mission – review meeting held

In News:

Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired a high-level meeting to review the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM).

Topics:

NDHM:
  • The National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) aims to develop the backbone necessary to support the integrated digital health infrastructure of the country.
  • It will bridge the existing gap amongst different stakeholders of the Healthcare ecosystem through digital highways.

2. Char Dham Project

In News:

Hon’ble Minister Shri. Piyush Goyal reviewed the last mile connectivity plans for Char Dham projects.

Topics:

Char Dham Project:
  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has taken up a separate program known as Chardham Pariyojana for connectivity Improvement for Char-Dham (Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunotri & Gangothri) in Uttarakhand.
  • The all-weather Chardham Road has in all 53 projects of 826 km length, involving an investment of Rs 12000 crore.

3. BRICS Ministerial meeting

In News:

Experts deliberated on emerging issues in the various fields of Biotechnology and Biomedicine at the fourth BRICS Working Group meeting.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

BRICS:
  • BRICS refers to Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.
  • It was the Russian side that initiated the creation of BRICS.

Current affairs summary – 27 May 2021

1. FASTAG

In News:

In order to ensure smooth and quick passage of vehicles at the toll plazas, the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has issued guidelines to ensure service time of not more than 10 seconds per vehicle even during peak hours at the toll plazas on the National Highways.

Click here to view the official PIB release.

Topics:

FASTAG:
  • National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) has developed the National Electronic Toll Collection (NETC) program to meet the electronic tolling requirements of the Indian market.
  • It offers an interoperable nationwide toll payment solution including clearinghouse services for settlement and dispute management.

2. Atal Pension Yojana

In News:

2.82 crore subscribers have been enrolled under Atal Pension Yojana.

Topics:

APY:
  • Atal Pension Yojana (APY), a pension scheme launched by the Government of India is focused on the unorganized sector workers.
  • Any Indian citizen within the age group of 18 – 40 years, can join the APY Scheme irrespective of his/her employment status with Govt./Public Sector, for availing benefits guaranteed by the Government of India under the scheme

Current affairs summary – 26 May 2021

1. Interpol Red Notice

In News:

A red notice issued by INTERPOL is pending against Mehul Choksi who is involved in the PNB fraud case.

Topics:

INTERPOL:
  • Interpol refers to International Criminal Police Organization.
  • Interpol is an inter-governmental organization.

2. Jal Jeevan Mission

In News:

With the focus on faster development of North Eastern (NE) States, the Government of India released Rs. 1,605 Crore to 8 North Eastern States for the implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission to provide tap water supply to rural homes in the financial year 2021-22.

Topics:

Jal Jeevan Mission:
  • Jal Jeevan Mission is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India.
  • The program will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through greywater management, water conservation, rainwater harvesting.

Current affairs summary – 25 May 2021

1. Target Olympic Podium scheme

In News:

Tennis player Ankita Raina has been added to the Target Olympic Podium Scheme at a meeting held by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.

Topics:

TOPS:
  • The Target Olympic Podium Scheme is a flagship program of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports which is an attempt to provide assistance to India’s top athletes.

2. Lunar Eclipse

In News:

The partial phase of the lunar eclipse will be visible in India on May 26, 2021.

Topics:

Lunar Eclipse:
  • A lunar eclipse occurs on a full moon day when the Earth comes in between the Sun and the Moon and when all the three objects are aligned.

3. GI certified Shahi Litchi exported to the U.K.

In News:

In a major boost to the export of GI-certified products, the season’s first consignment of Shahi Litchi from Bihar was exported to the United Kingdom by the air route.

Topics:

Shahi Litchi:
  • Shahi litchi was the fourth agricultural product to get GI certification from Bihar in 2018, afterJardalu mango, Katarni rice, and Magahi paan.
  • GI registration for Shahi Litchi is held with the Muzaffarpur-based Litchi Growers Association of Bihar.

Current affairs summary – 24 May 2021

1. Eco tax

In News:

Environmental tax(Eco tax) will help in increasing the potential for revenue generation.

Topics:

Mains GS3 – Environment/GS2 – Governance

Eco Tax and environmental regulation:
  • Eco Tax refers to the environmental tax.
  • India follows a command and control approach in controlling environmental pollution.
  • Eco tax should be fixed in proportion to the marginal social cost which arises due to the negative consequences of production, consumption, or disposal of goods and services.

2. IAEA and Additional Protocol

In News:

There is a piece of political news related to IAEA and Additional protocol of IAEA in connection with Iran nuclear sites.

Topics:

IAEA:
  • The International Atomic Energy Agency is the world’s central intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical cooperation in the nuclear field.
  • It works for the safe, secure, and peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology, contributing to international peace and security and the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals.

Current affairs summary – 23 May 2021

1. Cyclone Yaas

In News:

Indian Meteorological Department has warned that cyclone Yaas in the Bay of Bengal may become a severe cyclonic storm and cross the Odisha, West Bengal Coasts on May 26.

Topics:

Tropical Cyclones:
  • A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm originating over tropical oceans from where it draws the energy to develop.
  • It has a low-pressure center and clouds spiraling towards the eyewall surrounding the “eye“, the central part of the system where the weather is normally calm and free of clouds.

2. Invasive Whiteflies

In News:

Whiteflies have come to India and have become invasive. A study has been conducted and found the damage caused by this pest.

Topics:

Whiteflies in India:
  • Whiteflies are common invasive pests found on crops.
  • The first such instance of invasive whiteflies known as Aleurodicus dispersus was found in 1995 in Kerala.

Current affairs summary – 22 May 2021

1. RBI to transfer the surplus to central government

In News:

The Reserve Bank of India will transfer a surplus of Rs.99,122 crores to the Central Government.

Topics:

Section 47 – Allocation of surplus profits:
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) transfers its surplus profits to the Government of India in terms of the provisions of Section 47 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 which is as follows:

2. Amphotericin B

In news:

Union Ministry of Health along with the Dept. of Pharmaceuticals and Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) are making proactive efforts to significantly ramping up domestic production of Amphotericin-B drug.

Topics:

Amphotericin B:
  • In recent days, several States and UTs have reported an increasing number of patients suffering from COVID complications in the form of Mucormycosis, popularly known as Black Fungus.

Current affairs summary – 21 May 2021

1. National Crisis Management Committee

In News:

The National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC)  met yesterday to review the relief and restoration efforts made by the State Governments and Union Territory Administrations and Central Ministries and Agencies in the aftermath of the Cyclonic storm ‘Tauktae’.

Topics:

NCMC:
  • The National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) is under the Chairmanship of the Cabinet Secretary.

2. Competition Commission of India

In News:

Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman virtually commemorated the 12th Annual Day of the Competition Commission of India (CCI)

Topics:

CCI:(Competition Commission of India)
  • The CCI was established under the Competition Act, 2002, on 20th May 2009, when the substantive provisions concerning anti-competitive conduct came into force.
  • The Act prohibits anti-competitive agreements, abuse of dominant position by enterprises and regulates combinations (acquisition, acquiring of control, and M&A), which causes or likely to cause an appreciable adverse effect on competition within India.

3. Plasma – the fourth state of matter

In News:

Theory by Indian Scientists probably may shed light on the mystery behind complex phenomena in Plasma– the fourth state of matter.

Topics:

A new theory regarding Plasma:
  • Indian Scientists have recently developed a theory that helps understand the complicated nature of Sun-Earth interaction’s happening in the magnetosphere– an area of space around Earth that is controlled by the Earth’s magnetic field.

Current affairs summary – 20 May 2021

1. 6 sites in India’s tentative list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites

In News:

6 sites in India have been added to India’s tentative list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Topics:

6 sites in India’s tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage sites:
  • Iconic Riverfront of the Historic City of Varanasi (2021)
  • Temples of Kanchipuram (2021)
  • Hire Benkal, Megalithic Site (2021)
  • Bhedaghat-Lametaghat in Narmada Valley (2021)
  • Satpura Tiger Reserve (2021)
  • Serial Nomination of Maratha Military Architecture in Maharashtra (2021)

2. Infrastructure status for Convention centers

In News:

The Finance Ministry has granted Infrastructure status for Exhibitions and Convention centers. The Department of Economic Affairs said that Exhibition-cum-Convention Centre is included in the Harmonised Master List of Infrastructure sub-sectors by insertion of a new item in the category of Social and Commercial Infrastructure.

Topics:

Mains GS3 – Economic Development

Significance of infrastructure status:
  • Infrastructure status will help in easing bank financing for such projects.
  • It will help in the increased flow of foreign capital.
  • It will also help in the increased flow of private capital.

3. FakeBuster – a new tool

In News:

Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar in Punjab, and Monash University, Australia have developed a unique detector named ‘FakeBuster’ to identify imposters attending a virtual conference without anybody’s knowledge. It can also find out faces manipulated on social media to defame or make a joke of someone.

Topics:

FakeBuster:
  • The usage of manipulated media content in spreading fake news, pornography, and other such online content has been widely observed with major repercussions. Such manipulations have recently found their way into video-calling platforms through spoofing tools based on the transfer of facial expressions. These fake facial expressions are often convincing to the human eye and can have serious implications.

Current affairs summary – 19 May 2021

1. Machine learning

In News:

Indian Astronomers have developed a new method based on Machine Learning that can identify cluster stars– an assembly of stars physically related through the common origin, with much greater certainty.

Topics:

Machine learning:
  • Machine learning is a method of data analysis that automates analytical model building.
  • It is a branch of artificial intelligence based on the idea that systems can learn from data, identify patterns and make decisions with minimal human intervention.

2. Special Economic Zone

In News:

The Competition Commission of India (CCI) approves the proposed acquisition of an additional 25% shareholding of Adani Krishnapatnam Port Limited by Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited.

Topics:

SEZ act 2005:
  • The Special Economic Zones Act, 2005, was passed by Parliament in May 2005 which received Presidential assent on the 23rd of June, 2005
  • The SEZ Act 2005 envisages a key role for the State Governments in Export Promotion and the creation of related infrastructure.

3. Customs(Import of Goods at Concessional Rate of Duty) Rules,2017

In News:

The Central Board of Customs and Indirect Taxes (CBIC) has issued a Circular No.10/2021-Customs, dated 17th May 2021 in order to assist the trade in understanding the improvements in the Customs (Import of Goods at Concessional Rate of Duty Rules, 2017 (IGCR, 2017 ))so that they may make full use of the new facilities.

Topics:

Enhancement of facilities under IGCR 2017:
  • The IGCR, 2017 lays down the procedures and manner in which an importer can avail the benefit of a concessional Customs duty on import of goods required for domestic production of goods or providing services.

Current affairs summary – 18 May 2021

1. Formation of new districts procedure

In News:

There is a political issue on the creation of a new district Malerkotla in Punjab.

Topics:

Formation of new districts:
  • The power to create or abolish or alter the districts lies with the State Governments.
  • State governments can either pass a law in the State Legislative Assembly or pass an executive order by notification in the official gazette for this purpose.

2. WPI Inflation

In News:

Wholesale Price Index inflation increased to a record high of 10.5% in April.

Topics:

WPI:
  • Wholesale Price Index(WPI) is released by the Office of the Economic Adviser, Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • WPI captures the average movement of wholesale prices of goods and is primarily used as a GDP deflator.

3. DRDO’s 2-DG drug launched

In News:

Minister of Defence, Shri Rajnath Singh and Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Harsh Vardhan jointly launched the new COVID drug 2-DG at DRDO Bhawan.

Topics:

2-DG drug:
  • The anti-COVID-19 therapeutic application of the drug 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) has been developed by the Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS), a lab of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), along with Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories (DRL), Hyderabad.

4. TRIPS agreement

In News:

India and South Africa have asked for the waiver of the TRIPS agreement on the COVID-19 vaccines, drugs, therapeutics, and related technologies when the pandemic hit the world. Intellectual Property Rights(IPRs) such as patents not to become barriers in scaling up the production of medical products is the reason for the requirement of TRIPS waiver.

Topics:

TRIPS:
  • The TRIPS Agreement, which came into effect on 1 January 1995, is the most comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property.
  • Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights is the full form of TRIPS.

Current affairs summary – 17 May 2021

1. Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups

In News:

COVID-19 situation has appeared to have worsened in certain areas among the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups in Odisha.

Topics:

PVTG:
  • There are certain tribal communities that have the existence of a pre-agricultural level of technology, stagnant or declining population growth, extremely low level of literacy, and a subsistence level of the economy. They are known as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups(PVTG)s.

2. UNSC asks to end violence in Gaza

In News:

United Nations Security Council met amidst the escalating conflicts in the Gaza strip between Israel and Palestine where there have been severe death tolls daily.

Topics:

UNSC:
  • UN Security Council has the responsibility of maintaining peace and security in the world.
  • It is one of the 6 principal organs of the UN.

3. Line of Actual Control

In News:

It has been a year since the first news of tensions broke between India and China on LAC in Ladakh.

Topics:

LAC:
  • LAC refers to the Line of Actual Control.
  • LAC is a clear demarcation between Indian and Chinese controlled areas.

4. Effect of the pandemic on the women workers

In News:

In the ongoing pandemic, women have been subjected to severe burdens due to disruptions to the life and economy.

Topics:

Mains GS3 – Economic Development/GS1 – Women Empowerment

Measures to help women take up employment:
  • Women tended to lose work in any kind of industry disproportionately during the pandemic.
  • Household work also increased manifold for the women during the pandemic.

5. Tribunal Reforms Ordinance

In News:

Tribunals Reforms Ordinance has been challenged in the Supreme Court. The Ordinance is criticized by several critics as it not only bypassed the usual legislative process but also was passed without much stakeholder consultation.

Topics:

Tribunal Reforms Ordinance 2021:
  • The Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance, 2021 was promulgated on April 4, 2021.
  • It dissolves certain existing appellate bodies and transfers their functions (such as adjudication of appeals) to other existing judicial bodies.

Current affairs summary – 16 May 2021

1. New skink species found in the Western Ghats

In News:

A new skink species has been found in the Western Ghats known as an Asian gracile skink.

Topics:

Asian gracile skink:
  • Name: Subdoluseps nilgiriensis
  • Colour: Sandy brown

2. GST council to meet on May 28

In News:

The GST Council is expected to meet on May 28, 2021, to discuss issues relating to indirect tax amidst the ongoing pandemic.

Topics:

GST Council:
  • Goods & Services Tax Council is a constitutional body for making recommendations to the Union and State Government on issues related to Goods and Service Tax.

3. Mucormycosis

In News:

It is now reported that many recently recovered patients of COVID-19 are reporting Mucormycosis, an invasive fungal infection.

Topics:

Mucormycosis:
  • Mucormycosis (previously called zygomycosis) is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes.
  • These molds live throughout the environment.

4. Cyclone Tauktae likely to cross the Gujarat coast on Tuesday

In News:

There is an ongoing cyclonic storm Tauktae in the Arabian sea which is expected to cross the Gujarat coast on Tuesday.

Topics:

Tropical Cyclones:
  • A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm originating over tropical oceans from where it draws the energy to develop.

Current affairs summary – 15 May 2021

1. Plea seeking probe into bodies floating in Ganga

In News:

A plea has been moved in Supreme Court seeking the probe into bodies floating on the banks of the Ganga river in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.

Topics:

Ganga basin:
  • Ganga basin is the largest river basin in India in terms of the catchment area, constituting 26% of the country’s landmass (8,61,404 sq. km) and supporting about 43% of its population (448.3 million as per 2001 census).

2. ASHA workers

In News:

ASHA workers in U.P. have raised concerns about their safety during this COVID-19 pandemic as they are indulged in the door-to-door visits in surveillance and monitoring of COVID but they lack proper protective gear and monitoring kits.

Topics:

ASHA:
  • One of the key components of the National Rural Health Mission is to provide every village in the country with a trained female community health activist ASHA or Accredited Social Health Activist.

3. Elephant Deaths in India

In News:

According to the Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change, a total of around 186 elephants were killed in India in the last 10 years after being hit by trains. Assam had the highest deaths of elephants on railway tracks.

Topics:

Project Elephant:
  • PROJECT ELEPHANT was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with the following objectives:
    • 1. To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors
    • 2. To address issues of man-animal conflict
    • 3. Welfare of captive elephants

4. The U.S. Slider turtle

In News:

US Slider Turtle also known as Red eared slider turtle poses a serious threat in Northeast.

Topics:

The U.S. Slider Turtle:
  • U.S. Slider turtle is also called Red-eared Slider Turtle.
  • Scientific Name: Trachemys Scripta Elegans

5. Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products (RoDTEP) scheme.

In News:

The refund rates based on the RoDTEP scheme are expected to be introduced by the end of this month as said by DGFT officials. Once it is introduced it will give a further impetus to the export sector.

Topics:

RoDTEP scheme:
  • Remission of Duties and Taxes on Exported Products (RoDTEP) is a scheme under which a mechanism would be created for reimbursement of taxes/ duties/ levies, at the central, state, and local levels.

Current affairs summary – 14 May 2021

1. Sputnik V vaccine

In News:

Sputnik V vaccine will be available in India from next week as said by a NITI AAYOG member.

Topics:

Sputnik V vaccine:
  • Sputnik V is the first registered COVID-19 vaccine in the world.
  • Russian adenovirus vector-based vaccine was registered by the Russian Ministry of Health on August 11 and became the first registered COVID-19 vaccine on the market.

2. Nasscom urges the government to relax FCRA norms

In News:

Nasscom has urged the Government to relax FCRA norms so that overseas COVID-19 relief can have ease of flow into the country during this pandemic.

Topics:

FCRA:
  • Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), 2010 has been enacted by the Parliament to consolidate the law to regulate the acceptance and utilization of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality by certain individuals or associations or companies and to prohibit acceptance and utilization of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality for any activities detrimental to national interest and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

3. Isreal Palestine conflict

In News:

There is a huge conflict going on between Isreal and Palestine. There was a deadly fire exchange with Islamist militants in Gaza.

Topics:

Gaza Strip:
  • Gaza strip is a territory occupying 140 square miles (363 square km) along the Mediterranean Sea just northeast of the Sinai Peninsula.
  • The Gaza Strip was under Egyptian military rule from 1949 to 1956 and again from 1957 to 1967

4. OCI and Home Ministry notification

In News:

Overseas Citizens of India (OCIs), such as journalists, engineers, and researchers, have been asked to notify the Ministry of Home Affairs about their activities in India as per the March 4th order of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Topics:

OCI:(Overseas Citizens of India)
  • A foreign national, –
    • (i) who was a citizen of India at the time of, or at any time after 26th January 1950; or
    • (ii) who was eligible to become a citizen of India on 26th January 1950; or
    • (iii) who belonged to a territory that became part of India after 15th August 1947; or
    • (iv) who is a child or a grandchild or a great-grandchild of such a citizen; or
    • (v) who is a minor child of such persons mentioned above; or
    • (vi) who is a minor child and whose both parents are citizens of India or one of the parents is a citizen of India – is eligible for registration as an OCI cardholder.

Current affairs summary – 13 May 2021

1. Ethics policy in Edtech – need of the hour

In News:

Edtech industries in India are collecting data from the users which sometimes infringes upon the privacy of individuals and there is no such regulation like that of the General Data Protection Regulation(GDPR) of the European Union to maintain the ethics in the Edtech industry in India.

Topics:

GDPR and objectives:
  • GDPR refers to the General Data Protection Regulation.
  • It was enacted by the European Union.

2. ASEAN and the mediation of the coup

In News:

ASEAN though aligned with non-interference in the internal affairs of the member states, ASEAN played an active role in assisting Myanmar to exit from the coup(seizure of power by the Military).

Topics:

ASEAN:
  • The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by the Founding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.

3. Rural and Urban divide

In News:

Pandemic has severely affected the people as people need to deal with healthcare crisis and the daily issue of hunger and uncertainty about livelihoods.

Topics:

National Food Security Act:

Click here to know more about NFSA on our Daily current affairs released on 6th May 2021.

Mini Insights

Mains GS2 – Governance

Some statistics on Rural and Urban divide due to the pandemic:
  • As per the State of Working India report 2021 of Azim Premji University, nearly half of formal salaried workers moved into informal work between late 2019 and late 2020 and the poorest 20% of the households lost their entire incomes in April and May 2020.

4. Overcrowding in Prisons

In News:

Prisons are overcrowded and that is a serious issue amidst the pandemic as many prisoners are getting affected by COVID. Unnecessary arrests need to be controlled so that overcrowding of prisons is reduced to an extent.

Topics:

Mains GS2 – Governance

Overcrowding of prisons and the Supreme Court orders:
  • Hon’ble Supreme Court in its latest order directed the interim release of eligible prisoners.
  • This step acquires prominence amidst the COVID 2nd wave.

5. Sovereign Gold Bond scheme

In News:

The Government of India, in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India, has decided to issue Sovereign Gold Bonds. The Sovereign Gold Bonds will be issued in six tranches from May 2021 to September 2021.

Topics:

Features of Sovereign Gold Bond:
  • Sovereign Gold Bond 2021-22 will be issued by the Reserve Bank of India on behalf of the Government of India.
  • The Bonds will be restricted for sale to resident individuals, HUFs, Trusts, Universities, and Charitable Institutions.

Current affairs summary – 12 May 2021

1. Oxygen Enrichment Unit

In News:

CSIR-CMERI celebrated the National Technology Day- 2021 on 11th May 2021 by interacting with MSME Representatives in a Webinar organized by MSME-DI, Thrissur entitled ‘Oxygen Enrichment Technology & Latest Credit Facilities from SIDBI to MSMEs’and by handing over the Technology of Oxygen Enrichment Unit to two MSMEs i.e. M/s Mech Air Industries, Vadodara, Gujarat and M/s Auto Malleable, Jaipur, Rajasthan.

Topics:

OEU:
  • The Oxygen Enrichment Unit developed by CSIR-CMERI is a Decentralised Oxygen Generation solution.
  • The CSIR-CMERI OEU is an in-situ solution, which can assist the Oxygen Generation Capacity of the Nation as a whole for various Medical Needs.

Current affairs summary – 11 May 2021

1. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture

In News:

To promote and for holistic growth of the horticulture sector in the country, the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has provided an enhanced allocation of Rs. 2250 Crore for the year 2021-22 for ‘Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)’.

Topics:

MIDH:
  • The Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is a centrally sponsored scheme.
  • The Ministry is implementing MIDH with effect from 2014-15, for realizing the potential of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, and cocoa.

Current affairs summary – 10 May 2021

1. Gopala Krishna Gokhale

In News:

Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tribute to great freedom fighter Gopal Krishna Gokhale on his Jayanti.

Topics:

Gopala Krishna Gokhale:
  • Gopala Krishna Gokhale was born on 9th May 1866 in Maharashtra.
  • Gopala Krishna Gokhale founded the Servants of India Society in 1905.
  • Gokhale favored decentralization.

Current affairs summary – 07 May 2021

1. TRIPS agreement

In News:

In view of the global health crisis and the need to combat the Covid 19 pandemic, India and South Africa proposed in WTO on 2nd Oct 2020 a relaxation in the norms of the agreement on TRIPS, to ensure quick and affordable access to vaccines and medicines for developing countries.

Courtesy: PIB dated 6th May 2021.

Topics:

TRIPS:
  • The TRIPS Agreement, which came into effect on 1 January 1995, is the most comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property.
  • Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights is the full form of TRIPS.
  • The TRIPS Agreement introduced global minimum standards for protecting and enforcing nearly all forms of intellectual property rights (IPR), including those for patents.

Current affairs summary – 06 May 2021

1. National Food Security Act 2013

In News:

The Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its ex-post facto approval to the allocation of additional foodgrain under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana Phase III- for another period of 2 months e. May to June 2021 @ 5 kg per person per month free of cost for about 79.88 Crore beneficiaries covered under NFSA (AAY & PHH) including those covered under DBT.

Topics:

NFSA:
  • The National Food Security Act, 2013 was notified on 10th September 2013 with the objective to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity.
  • The Act provides for coverage of up to 75% of the rural population and upto 50% of the urban population for receiving subsidized foodgrains under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), thus covering about two-thirds of the population.

2. EEZ

In News:

Indian Coast Guard has apprehended Myanmarese poachers in Indian EEZ. Despite challenges posed by COVID-19, ICG ships and aircraft are on patrol 24×7, monitoring activities in Indian Exclusive Economic Zone(EEZ) to thwart any nefarious activity in Maritime Zones of India.

Courtesy: PIB

Topics:

EEZ:(Exclusive Economic Zone)
  • India, a traditionally maritime country with rich maritime heritage, has an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of more than 2 million sq km wherein India enjoys the exclusive legal right to utilize all living and non-living resources.
  • The entire EEZ has been divided into two areas viz. deep water areas (> 500 m water depth) and shallow water areas (< 500 m water depth).

Current affairs summary – 05 May 2021

1. AYUSH 64 repurposed for COVID-19

In News:

Described by experts as a ray of hope in the time of the pandemic, the polyherbal drug AYUSH- 64 which was originally developed in 1980 for treatment of malaria, has now been repurposed for Covid 19. The trials led by reputed scientists of the country showed AYUSH 64 has notable antiviral, immune-modulator, and antipyretic properties. It is found to be useful in the treatment of asymptomatic, mild, and moderate COVID-19 infection. Consequently, the drug is now repurposed for COVID-19.

Topics:

AYUSH 64:
  • Ayush-64 is an Ayurvedic formulation, developed by the Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), the apex body for research in Ayurveda under the Ministry of Ayush.
  • Originally developed in 1980 for the management of Malaria, this drug has now been repurposed for Covid 19 as its ingredients showed notable antiviral, immune-modulator, and antipyretic properties.

2. Asiatic Lions

In News:

Eight Asiatic lions housed in Nehru Zoological Park (NZP), Hyderabad have tested positive for the SARS-CoV2 virus.

Topics:

Asiatic Lions:
  • Asiatic lions are slightly smaller than African lions.
  • Scientific Name:Panthera leo persica
  • Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is the only abode of the Asiatic lion.
  • Asiatic Lions are listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, in Appendix I of CITES.

Current affairs summary – 04 May 2021

1. Asian Development Bank meeting

In News:

Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs and Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Governor for India Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman participated in the Governor’s Seminar on “Cooperation for a Resilient Future”, held as part of ADB’s annual meeting 2021.

Topics:

ADB:
  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is committed to achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty.
  • It assists its members and partners by providing loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to promote social and economic development.

2. OPEC share fell

In News:

India’s oil imports shrank by 11.8 % and OPEC’s share slid down to the lowest in two decades in the year to the end of March.

Topics:

OPEC:
  • The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent, intergovernmental Organization, created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela.
  • OPEC had its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, in the first five years of its existence.
  • This was moved to Vienna, Austria, on September 1, 1965, and it is the current headquarters.

Current affairs summary – 03 May 2021

1. Guru Tegh Bahadur

In News:

Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has bowed to Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji on his 400th Parkash Purab.

Topics:

Guru Tegh Bahadur:
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur is the ninth Sikh Guru.
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur was a contemporary of Aurangazeb.
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed on the orders of Aurangazeb.

2. Converting Nitrogen plants to Oxygen plants

In News:

Considering the requirement of medical oxygen amidst the COVID-19 pandemic situation, the Government of India explored the feasibility of the conversion of existing nitrogen plants to produce oxygen. Various such potential industries, wherein existing nitrogen plants may be spared for the production of oxygen were identified.

Topics:

Conversion of Nitrogen plants to Oxygen plants:
  • The process of converting the existing Pressure Swing Absorption (PSA) nitrogen plants for the production of oxygen was discussed.
  • In the nitrogen plants, a Carbon Molecular Sieve (CMS) is used whereas Zeolite Molecular Sieve (ZMS) is required for producing oxygen.