Current affairs play a vital role in UPSC civil service exam preparation. The daily current affairs from the daily news’ are one of these important areas. This section gives you a very brief summary of the important topics to be covered. You may use this section for revising your preparation. Nevertheless, we recommend you visit our daily current affairs section that gives a comprehensive analysis of the topics needed to be studied for the UPSC civil service exam.
1. Cauvery Water Management Authority
- The Cauvery Water Management Authority directed Karnataka to release 27.86 Thousand Million Cubic feet of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu
- Karnataka has released only 57.04 TMC water.
2. Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme
The government has extended the 4.5 lakh crore Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS) till March 31, 2022, to help businesses cope with the pandemic’s adverse effects.
The ECLGS was due to expire on September 30 and has helped 1.15 crore micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) so far.
About the scheme
- It was launched as part of the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan package
- It was announced in May 2020 to mitigate the distress caused by coronavirus-induced lockdown, by providing credit to different sectors, especially Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs).
3. Aapda Mitra Yojana
- Aapda Mitra Yojana will train the volunteers on saving lives during natural disasters.
- It was announced on the 17th Foundation Day of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).
- The program aims to prepare the public for any disaster
4. PM POSHAN rebranded
- The Centre has rebranded the 26-year old national mid-day meal scheme the PM POSHAN (Poshan Shakti Nirman)
- The mid-day meal scheme provides a hot cooked meal to 11.8 crore government school students from Class 1 to 8
5. Punjab on 25 years of Desertification
- The Punjab Vidhan Sabha committee constituted to study water table depletion
- The Committee said that the state will turn into a desert in the next 25 years if the present trend of drawing water from underground aquifers continues.
1. Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission
- The mission that has the potential of bringing a revolutionary change in India’s health facilities
- Under this, every citizen will now get a digital health ID and health records digitally protected
2. Swachh Survekshan 2022
- The seventh edition of the annual cleanliness survey under which district rankings have been introduced for the first time.
- This year’s survey will create a level playing field for smaller cities by introducing two population categories — under 15,000 and between 15,000-25,000.
3. Bijoya Sanskritik Mahotsav
- 16 December 2021 will mark 50 years of the liberation of Bangladesh and India’s victory over Pakistan in the 1971 Indo-Pak War.
- To commemorate this landmark event in India’s history, Swarnim Vijay Varsh celebrations are being organized throughout the Country.
4. Meghalaya Enterprise Architecture Project (MeghEA)
- The project aims to improve governance and service delivery at the grassroots level
- The MeghEA initiative is spread across 6 pillars i.e. Governance, Human Resources, Entrepreneurship, Primary Sector, Infrastructure, and Environment
5. Non-GM herbicide-tolerant rice
- The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) has developed the country’s first-ever non-GM (genetically modified) herbicide-tolerant rice varieties
- It can be directly seeded and significantly save water and labour compared to conventional transplanting.
1. Tunnels in Jammu and Kashmir
- The all-weather connectivity between Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh is a step closer to reality with an “escape tunnel” with a Rs 2,300-crore Z-Morh tunnel.
- This would connect Srinagar to Sonamarg during the winter months.
- It is another technological feat that would be achieved with the Rs 4,600-crore Zojila Tunnel that would further connect to Leh in the Ladakh region.
2. National Mission on Cultural Mapping
- It was launched in 2017.
- It has now been handed over to the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), which is gearing up for a trial run in 75 villages in October.
- The Culture Ministry had approved the mission in 2017 with a 469 crore budget from 2017-2018 to 2019-2020. However, the project had been slow to take off.
3. PM CARES Fund
- The PM CARES Fund is not a Government of India fund and the amount collected by it does not go to the Consolidated Fund of India.
- Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) is discharging his functions in the PM Cares Trust on an honorary basis
- Its funds are audited by an auditor a chartered accountant drawn from the panel prepared by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
4. Weaver Services and Design Resource Centre
- Weaver Services and Design Resource Centre is to be set up in Kullu to encourage attractive handicraft products of Himachal
- It also aims to provide a better platform for the export of these products in the international market.
5. Multi-member ward system
- The Maha Vikas Aghadi (MVA) government took a decision to reintroduce the multi-member ward system for all municipal councils and corporations instead of the existing single-member ward system.
1. Radio Stations in Kargil
- High power transmitters at one of the highest Radio Stations in the world at Humbatingla in Kargil Ladakh was inaugurated.
- Two – 10kW High Power Transmitters of All India Radio FM radio station and Doordarshan at an altitude of 13 thousand 300 feet from mean sea level at Humbatingla in Batalik of Kargil was launched.
2. Antyodaya Diwas
- Antyodaya Diwas was given its national importance when Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in 2014, dedicated it in honor of late Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya to mark his birth anniversary
- Antyodaya Diwas is observed every year on September 25.
3. Saubhagya Scheme
- The government announced that two crores 82 lakh households have been electrified so far under the Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana – Saubhagya.
- The scheme has completed four years today since its inception. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched this scheme on this day in 2017.
4. Digital AirSpace Map
- The government released an interactive digital airspace map for drone operations that demarcates areas into zones, including yellow and red, across the country for flying drones.
- The release of the map comes close with revamped drone rules that are based on the premises of self-certification and non-intrusive monitoring of the activities.
5. National Cooperative Conference
- Home Minister Amit Shah addressed the first mega-conference on cooperatives in the national capital,
- The government’s vision and roadmap for the development of the sector were announced.
1. Govt reduces patent fees
- The central government introduced Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2021 which reduced the fee for patent
- The move has been taken to strengthen innovation and creativity in the knowledge economy.
- The high patenting fee was a hindrance for educational institutions in getting newer research and technologies patented.
2. UP’s Defense Industrial Corridor
- The establishment of a Defense Industrial Corridor in Uttar Pradesh was announced while inaugurating the UP Investors Summit in Lucknow
- A total of 6 nodes – Aligarh, Agra, Kanpur, Chitrakoot, Jhansi, and Lucknow – have been planned in the Defense Industrial Corridor.
3. Medical devices parkscheme
- The scheme aims to ensure easy access to testing and infrastructure facilities.
- It is expected that this will bring down the cost of production of medical devices, thereby making them more affordable for domestic consumption.
4. Goa Feni Policy 2021
- The Goa government’s Feni Policy 2021 has paved the way to take the state’s ‘heritage drink’ forward.
- It has the potential to “save Goa”, but its challenge lies in changing perceptions about the drink classified as country liquor.
5. Blue Foods
- The report, titled Environmental performance of blue foods, was one of five initial scientific papers published as part of the Blue Food Assessment (BFA).
- The BFA is a collaboration between Sweden-based Stockholm Resilience Centre, United States-based Stanford University, and the non-profit EAT.
1. Shankhalipi inscription
- The Archaeological Survey of India has found Shankhalipi inscription on the stairs of a Gupta-period temple in a village in Uttar Pradesh’s Etah district.
- It has been dated to the time of Emperor Kumaragupta.
2. Fortified rice kernels
- The government has, for the first time, issued uniform specifications for fortified rice kernels (FRK) for grade A and common rice in case of procurement of fortified rice stocks
- One percent of FRK should be blended with normal rice.
3. African Swine Flu
- An outbreak of African swine disease has been recorded in the Kanchanpur, Tripura district after it has been recorded in Mizoram
- The animal resource development department ordered that all pigs within a 1-kilometer radius of the epicenter be slaughtered, and a 10-kilometer zone be monitored.
4. Plant Discoveries 2020
- The Botanical Survey of India, in its new publication Plant Discoveries 2020 has added 267 new taxa/ species to the country’s flora.
- The 267 new discoveries include 119 angiosperms; 3 pteridophytes; 5 bryophytes, 44 lichens; 57 fungi, 21 algae and 18 microbes.
5. FDI Inflows
- The Ministry of Commerce & Industry has announced that FDI inflows witnessed a whopping 62% year-on-year growth in the first four months of the current financial year FY22.
- Measures taken by the Government on the fronts of FDI policy reforms, investment facilitation, and ease of doing business have resulted in increased FDI inflows into the country.
1. Integrated Aroma Dairy Entrepreneurship
- The government proposed an Integrated Aroma Dairy Entrepreneurship to augment the income of farmers.
- It is now being expanded as Aroma Mission Phase II and a floriculture mission has been recently launched.
- It is been launched in Jammu & Kashmir.
2. Pradhan Mantri Digital Health Mission
- Central Government will announce the nationwide roll-out of the Pradhan Mantri Digital Health Mission
- Under this, a unique digital health ID will be provided to the people, which will contain all the health records of the person.
- This was announced during his Independence Day speech last year which stated a launch of NDHM.
3. Cuneiform clay tablet
- A $1.7 million cuneiform clay tablet was found in 1853 as part of a 12-tablet collection in the rubble of the library of Assyrian King Assur Banipal.
- The 3,500-year-old clay tablet discovered in the ruins of the library of an ancient Middle Eastern king then looted from an Iraqi museum 30 years ago, is finally headed back to Iraq.
4. Blue Flag Certification
- Blue Flag Certification was given for 2 new beaches this year –Kovalam in Tamil Nadu and Eden in Puducherry beaches.
- Foundation for Environment Education in Denmark (FEE) accords the globally recognized eco-label – Blue Flag certification.
- India embarked upon a highly acclaimed & flagship program Beach Environment & Aesthetics Management Services (BEAMS)
- which is one of the initiatives under the ICZM approach that the MoEF&CC has undertaken for the sustainable development of coastal regions of India.
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
- The Centre’s proposed plan to create a heritage village and boost tourism at Singaperumal Koil and nearby villages, about 40 km south of Chennai, is expected to give a much-needed fillip to the region’s development.
- The ‘Rurban Mission’ covers Singaperumal Koil and six villages nearby — Appur, Chettipuniyam, Guruvanmedu, Kolathur, Reddipalayam, and Venkatapuram.
Study in Religious Composition in India
- The study, based on data sourced from India’s decennial census and the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)
Highlights of the study
- The religious composition of India’s population since Partition has remained largely stable, with both Hindus and Muslims, the two largest religious groups, showing not only a marked decline but also a convergence in fertility rates
- Muslims, who had the highest fertility rate, also had the sharpest decline in fertility rates.
- From 1992 to 2015, the total fertility rates of Muslims declined from 4.4 to 2.6,
- Hindus fertility rate declined from 3.3 to 2.1.
National Curriculum Framework
- The Centre has started the process to revise school textbooks by appointing a new panel
- The panel will be chaired by Chairman K. Kasturirangan, former Indian Space Research Organisation along with a 12-member steering committee.
National Snakebite Awareness Summit
- It is organized by the leading health awareness institution Integrated Health & Wellbeing (IHW) Council.
India records on snake bite
- In the 20-year period from 2000 to 2019, the country recorded 1.2 million snakebite deaths with an average of 58,000 deaths every year.
International Snakebite Awareness Day
- It is commemorated on September 19 every year since 2018, representing an opportunity to raise awareness of one of the world’s biggest hidden health crises.
EPFO adds new subscribers
- The Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) added 14.65 lakh net subscribers in July, an increase from the 11.16 lakh net additions in June.
- According to Labour and Employment Ministry, 9.02 lakh members had joined the EPFO for the first time.
- EPFO is one of the World’s largest Social Security Organisations in terms of clientele and the volume of financial transactions undertaken.
- The Employees’ Provident Fund came into existence with the promulgation of the Employees’ Provident Funds Ordinance on the 15th November 1951.
- The Centre estimates to receive revenues worth 1,000 to 1,500 crore every month once the much-awaited Delhi-Mumbai Expressway becomes operational in 2023.
- The expressway will pass through four States apart from the national capital.
- National Highways Authority of India was set up by an act of the Parliament, NHAI Act, 1988
- The act directs to provide for the constitution of an Authority for the development, maintenance, and management of national highways and for matter connected therewith or incidental thereto.
- Bharatmala Pariyojana is a new umbrella program for the highways sector that focuses on optimizing the efficiency of freight and passenger movement across the country by bridging critical infrastructure gaps through effective interventions like the development of Economic Corridors, Inter Corridors and Feeder Routes, National Corridor Efficiency Improvement, Border and International connectivity roads, Coastal and Port connectivity roads and Green-field expressways.
Crime India’ report for 2020
- National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) revealed in its annual ‘Crime India’ report for 2020.
- National Crime Records Bureau functions under the Union Home Ministry.
- India recorded 1.2 lakh cases of “deaths due to negligence relating to road accidents” in 2020.
- India’s largest open-air fernery was inaugurated in Uttarakhand’s Ranikhet.
- The fernery is home to a large number of fern species, some of which are endemic to the state, some hold medicinal value while some are threatened species that demand care and conservation.
- Compensatory Afforestation Management Funds Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) is under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF)
- Supreme Court of India ordered for establishment of the Compensatory Afforestation Fund and Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) in 2001.
Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate
- President Biden convened the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF), as a follow-up to the convening of that group during his Leaders Summit on Climate in April.
- Participants underscored the urgency of strengthening climate ambition ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference of Parties (COP 26) in Glasgow and beyond.
- Further commitments and actions are to be undertaken in the remaining weeks before COP 26 in Glasgow.
- Potential participation in the Global Methane Pledge to be launched at COP 26.
- Four space tourists safely ended their trailblazing trip to orbit with a splashdown in the Atlantic off the Florida coast.
- Their SpaceX capsule parachuted into the ocean just before sunset, not far from where their chartered flight began
- The all-amateur crew was the first to circle the world without a professional astronaut.
- Bodhish Thomas, a 25-year-old techie from Pandalam, has long championed the importance of open-source technology as a force for good in uncertain times.
- In 2018, when Kerela was under one of the worst floods in its history, his team launched an afterflood. in, a crowd-sourced data hub for post-flood-related content focusing on health and well-being.
- Cabinet cleared a 30,600-crore guarantee program for securities to be issued by the newly incorporated ‘bad bank’ for taking over and resolving non-performing assets (NPAs) amounting to 2 lakh crore.
- The Reserve Bank of India is in the process of granting a license for the National Asset Reconstruction Company Limited (NARCL).
Taliban on the limitation on girls
- Afghanistan’s new Taliban rulers set up a ministry for the “propagation of virtue and the prevention of vice” in the building that once housed the Women’s Affairs Ministry
- It was the latest troubling sign that the Taliban are restricting women’s rights as they settle into government.
- During their previous rule of Afghanistan in the 1990s, the Taliban had denied girls and women the right to education and barred them from public life.
G20 agriculture meeting
- The G20 Agriculture Ministers’ Meeting is one of the ministerial meetings organized as part of the G20 Leaders Summit 2021 to be hosted by Italy in October.
- Kannur Corporation became the first corporation in the Kerala State to provide the first dose of vaccine to all the residents who completed 18 years of age within its limit.
Attingal Revolt of 1721: 300 years
The Attingal Revolt of 1721 was an uprising that became an expression of the brewing resentment of the native farmers and traders against the East India Company’s policies, especially for the reduction in the rates of pepper.
- Also referred to as Anjengo Revolt.
- It refers to the massacre of 140 East India Company soldiers by native Indians and the following siege of Fort Anjengo.
- The Attingal Outbreak is often regarded as the first organized revolt against British authority in Malabar, Cochin, and Travancore.
Swachhata Pakhwada, 2021
- Mumbai Port Trust flagged off the Swachhata Pakhwada, 2021 activities in Mumbai Port on 16th September 2021 by administering the Swachhata Pledge.
- The Ministry of Defence has constituted a high-level expert committee, under the chairmanship of former MP Baijayant Panda, for a comprehensive review of the National Cadet Corps (NCC) to make it more relevant in changing times.
Planetarium Innovation Challenge
- MyGov India has launched the Planetarium Innovation Challenge for Indian start-ups and tech entrepreneurs.
- The challenge aims to bring together the tech firms and Startups (based out of India) with the potential to build an indigenous planetariums system software using the latest technologies including Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR), and Merged Reality (MR).
NCRB report: A status check on crimes in the country
National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) released the latest report on ‘Crime in India – 2020’
- The Coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdown resulted in a drop in traditional crimes like theft, robbery, and assault on women and children in 2020
- But there was a drastic jump in disobedience to government orders, primarily arising due to violations of COVID-19 norms, official data showed.
Jal Jeevan Mission: Action Plan
- The mandatory action plans for bringing safe drinking water through individual tap connections to all rural households under the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) have been prepared for about 23,000 villages in Rajasthan.
- The action plans for other villages will be presented and approved in the Gram Sabhas to be held on October 2.
Jal Jeevan Mission:
- The JJM envisages a supply of safe and adequate drinking water through tap connections to all households in the rural areas by 2024.
- The government thinks tank Niti Aayog and Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) launched an initiative to promote zero-pollution delivery vehicles by working with consumers and the industry.
- The campaign, Shoonya, aims to accelerate the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) in the urban deliveries segment and create consumer awareness about the benefits of zero-pollution delivery.
PLI scheme for drones
- The Civil Aviation Ministry approved a PLI scheme for drones and drone components with an allocation of 120 crore spread over three financial years.
- The PLI scheme comes as a follow-through liberalized Drone Rules, 2021, released by the Centre on August 25.
- It is a heritage weaving hub about 20 km from Thiruvananthapuram.
- GI-tagged, gossamer-thin handlooms edged with gold, comes from Balaramapuram.
- GI tags are known as Geographic Indication tags.
- It is an indication or a sign which specifies that it originates from a definite geographical territory.
- GI tags are used to identify agricultural, natural, handicrafts or manufactured goods.
- The Navy has handed over a Passenger Variant Dornier (PVD) aircraft on lease to the Maritime Air Squadron of the National Coast Guard, Mauritius.
- It is an AI-based translation software ecosystem: IIT Bombay Professor and his team launch project on Hindi Divas
- On September 14, which is celebrated as Hindi Divas every year, Institute Chair Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IIT Bombay, Prof. Ganesh Ramakrishnan, and his team launched ‘Project Udaan’.
- The state will become the millet hub of the country in the coming times.
- Millet Mission initiative is aimed at giving the farmers the right price for small cereal crops, provide input assistance, procurement arrangements, processing and ensure that the farmers get the benefit of the expertise of experts.
ICMR has granted permission to use drones
- The Civil Aviation Ministry has granted conditional permission to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) to use drones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Manipur, and Nagaland to deliver vaccines beyond the visual line of sight.
- The ICMR has been permitted to use drones up to a height of 3,000 meters to deliver vaccines.
Model tribal villages
- Center is planning to transform 36,000 hamlets to “model tribal villages” with an emphasis on rural development, protection of forest rights, and ethnic practices of indigenous people.
- The Center is planning to develop these villages in such a manner that various factors like rural development, protection of ethnic or autonomous systems, forest rights, and entrepreneurship can be linked.
- The tribals of Similipal in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha reported sightings of “black tigers” — their stripes almost fused together in patches threatening to obliterate parts of their burnished orange coats.
- 37% of Panthera tigris in the Similipal Tiger Reserve (in eastern India) are pseudomelanistic, characterized by wide, merged stripes.
- Two factors are probably driving this change in appearance caused by the rare Taqpep p.H454Y: a founder bottleneck effect when a small subset of a large population, in this case, tigers, establishes a new population, and the resulting genetic drift, where chance, more than natural selection, changes how common or rare genetic variants are.
- Kidney injury as a complication of COVID-19 is more commonly seen in hospitalized patients.
- While the reported prevalence of kidney injury was 7% in a study of 2,650 patients admitted to a large hospital in southern India, a recent large study in the United States reported kidney injury in as many as 46% of 3,993 hospitalized patients, of whom 19% required dialysis.
Swarnim Vijay Mashaal
- The Swarnim Vijay Mashaal (Victory Flame), touring the Country to mark 50 glorious years of victory over Pakistan during the 1971 Indo-Pak War, arrived at Dahung.
- The Mashaal was received at Sessa, Arunachal Pradesh with full military honors.
A food Processing unit in Mornea
- To commemorate 75 years of India’s independence, the Government of India is celebrating the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.’
- As a part of the celebration, the Ministry of Food Processing Industries is celebrating Food Processing Week from 6 September 2021 to 12 September 2021.
Centre of Excellence on Offshore Wind
- India and Denmark launched the ‘Centre of Excellence on Offshore Wind’ as part of the green strategic partnership between the two nations.
- It assumes significance, given that the ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE) has set a target of adding 30 gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind energy projects by 2030.
Indian Railways Organisation for Alternative Fuels
- The Ministry of Railways has announced the closure of the Indian Railways Organisation for Alternative Fuels (IROAF), an enterprise headquartered in New Delhi
Tamil Nadu’s $10-billion green energy island to get Denmark aid
- The state is likely to see a $5-10 billion renewable sector investment with Danish participation, including an energy island in the Gulf of Mannar.
- The island may produce 4-10 Gw.
ADB and Jharkhand deal
- The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed a $112 million loan to develop water supply infrastructure and strengthen the capacity of urban local bodies (ULBs) for improved service delivery in four towns in the state of Jharkhand.
- The Thamirabarani civilization in Tamil Nadu is at least 3,200 years old, reveals carbon dating done on organic material retrieved from archeological excavations in Sivakalai, Thoothukudi district.
- Tamil Nadu announced a Rs 15 crore museum in Thirunelveli to exhibit findings from the excavations.
- Union Civil Aviation Ministry unveiled a 100-day plan comprising policy measures and the development of airports along with heliports.
- Scindia said 50 new routes will be launched under the regional connectivity scheme in 100 days.
- A policy for maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) was also announced which will attract more investment.
- The Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS)- Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN) is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) envisaged to make air travel affordable and widespread in the country.
India Meteorological Department releases data
- With 19 days still left in September, Delhi received the highest rainfall for September in 77 years.
- The Health Ministry has launched a new Application Programming Interface (API), through its web portal Co-WIN, called ‘Know Your Customer’s/Client’s Vaccination Status’ (KYC-VS).
- KYC-VS will enable a verifying entity to know whether a person has been vaccinated against coronavirus or not.
- It is both consent-based and privacy-preserving.
Swachh Survekshan Grameen
- Swachh Survekshan Grameen, 2021 will be launched under the Swachh Bharat Mission Phase- 2 on 9th September 2021.
- It is launched as a part of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)
- The Scheme has been initiated with the vision to empower at least one person per household with crucial digital literacy skills by 2020.
- PMGDISHA is an effort to complement the government’s vision to transform one from each household as digitally literate.
- The PMGDISHA Exam for “Direct Candidates” has been implemented for all those general candidates who wish to obtain PMGDISHA Certificates.
- The candidates need not undergo any specialized training or contact any training partner for this exam.
Rainfall in August recorded 24% deficiency
- Two major spells of weak monsoon prevailed over the country — from August 9-16 and August 23-27 — when northwest, central, and adjoining peninsular and west coast of India had subdued rainfall activities.
- Rainfall over the country as a whole was below Long Period Average (LPA) by minus 24 percent.
- The Centre has increased the minimum support price (MSP) for wheat for the upcoming rabi season to 2,015 per quintal, a 2% hike from the 1,975 per quintal rate of last year.
- Minimum Support Price.
- MSP is the Minimum Price at which the Government will buy the produce from farmers.
- Form of market intervention by the Government of India.
- The 13th BRICS summit held virtually called for an “inclusive intra-Afghan dialogue” for stability in Afghanistan.
- The virtual summit, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, was dominated by the developments in Afghanistan and adopted the BRICS Counter-Terrorism Action Plan.
- BRICS Counter-Terrorism Action Plan was adopted.
- BRICS refers to Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.
- It was the Russian side that initiated the creation of BRICS.
G 20 Health Ministers Meeting
- The Health Ministers from G20 countries, including India, have united to pledge global action to improve future health security, increase vaccine confidence and tackle antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in a Health Declaration agreed in Rome.
Kerela admits Girls in Sainik Schools
- Kerala welcomes the first batch comprising seven girls from Kerala, two from Bihar and one from Uttar Pradesh
- The Sainik Schools are a system of schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under the Ministry of Defence (MoD).
Production-linked incentive Scheme
- The Central government launched a production-linked incentive (PLI) for the textile sector with a budgetary outlay of 10,683 crores.
- The scheme is for man-made fiber (MMF) apparel, MMF fabrics, and 10 segments/products of technical textiles.
Bal Swaraj Portal
- The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights has devised an online tracking portal “Bal Swaraj (COVID-Care)” for children in need of care and protection.
- This portal is aimed at tracking the children affected by COVID-19 right from the production of children before the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) to the restoration of the children to their parent, guardian, or relative and its subsequent follow-up.
Center enters Agreement with Niki Group
- The Central government entered into a one-year ceasefire agreement with the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (K) Niki Group.
- More than 200 cadres of the outfit, with 83 weapons, have joined the peace process.
1. Black-necked crane and Snow leopard
The UT of Ladakh has adopted a Black-necked crane as the State Bird and Snow leopard as the State Animal.
- Scientific name: Grus nigricollis
- Height : 135 cm
2. Ubreathe Life
IT Ropar’s startup company, Urban Air Laboratory, has developed a living-plant-based air purifier “Ubreathe Life” .
- Ubreathe Life” amplifies the air purification process in indoor spaces.
- The product is claimed to be the world’s first, state-of-the-art ‘Smart Bio-Filter’ that can make breathing fresh.
3. Exercise ZAPAD 2021
A 200 personnel contingent of the Indian Army will participate in Exercise ZAPAD 2021, a Multi Nation exercises being held at Nizhniy, Russia from 03 to 16 September 2021.
- ZAPAD 2021 is one of the theatre-level exercises of the Russian Armed Forces and will focus primarily on operations against terrorists.
- Over a dozen countries from the Eurasian and South Asian Regions will participate in this signature event.
1. UNSC Resolution
By terms of resolution 2593 (2021), adopted by a vote of 13 in favor with two abstentions (Russian Federation and China), the 15-member UNSC organ demanded that Afghan territory not be used to threaten or attack any country and reiterated the importance of combating terrorism in Afghanistan.
Courtesy: UNSC Press Release.
- UN Security Council has the responsibility of maintaining peace and security in the world.
- It is one of the 6 principal organs of the UN.
The 13th BRICS summit is going to be held on 9th September under the chairmanship of India.
- BRICS refers to Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.
- It was the Russian side that initiated the creation of BRICS.
3. Fiscal Deficit
As per data released by the Controller General of Accounts on 31.8.2021, the Fiscal deficit of the Union Government stood at 21.3% of the budget estimates at the end of July.
- A fiscal deficit is a shortfall in a government’s income compared with its spending.
- Fiscal Deficit is the difference between the total income of the government (total taxes and non-debt capital receipts) and its total expenditure.
- A fiscal deficit occurs when the government’s expenditure exceeds the receipts.
4. Core Sector
The combined Index of Eight Core Industries stood at 134.0 in July 2021, which increased by 9.4 percent (provisional) as compared to the Index of July 2020.
Click here to view the Courtesy: PIB release.
Index of Eight Core Industries:
- Eight Core Industries comprises of the following industries:
- Crude Oil
- Natural Gas
- Refinery Products (Petroleum)